Camera Angle, Movement + Position 5 variables: shot size, framing, focus, angle and movement. 8 main shot sizes. Extreme long shot to extreme close-up.
Extreme Long Shot: Wide view of mountain setting, cityscape, expanse of desert. Purpose: emphasise space, grandeur, spectacle, isolation.
Long Shot: Closer but shows the whole scene. Human figure is clearly visible, fits easily within frame but dominated by background. Purpose: Establishing shot often at the beginning of a film or sequence.
Medium Long Shot: Gives lots of information about setting, human characters can be seen in detail; Purpose: allows audience to see body language and also the way two people interact.
Med Close-Up: Not too close, not too far. Typical frame for a newsreader. Purpose: used for reaction shots or conversations.
Close-up: Shows detail of a subject. May just show a face. Purpose: Shows features in greater detail, underlines personality or emotion.
Big Close-Up: Shows almost all the detail, would focus only on eyes and face (social triangle). Purpose: Used for extremes of emotion or prop details.
Extreme Close-Up: Shows a portion of a detail or magnifies something minute, someone’s eyes or a significant prop detail. Purpose: can create a sense of mystery or tension.
Extremely High Camera angle Omniscient and detached from the action; can suggest punishment or impending death.
High camera angle: Positioned high and tilted down at the subject Purpose: makes subject look inferior or vulnerable; viewer feels superior
High and Low camera angle: Marion Crane in Psycho; steals 40 thousand dollars, drives off and sleeps overnight in her car and is awakened by a suspicious policeman. Low angle gives him superiority and power, makes audience feel intimidated because of framing of shot, high angle makes empathise with her.