Sentence structure

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Sentence structure

  1. 1. Sentence Structure University of the Sacred Heart Department of Humanities Center for Language Development Across the Disciplines LAD
  2. 2. Objective To provide the student with pointers on how to construct sentences
  3. 3. Simple Sentence A simple sentence has one subject and one predicate
  4. 4. Simple Sentence We went to San Juan yesterday. Observe how a simple sentence is constructed:
  5. 5. Simple Sentence We went to San Juan . Pronoun Verb Simple subject Complete predicate Prepositional phrase
  6. 6. Compound Sentence  A compound sentence has more than one part that can stand alone (independent clauses) Independent clauses are connected by coordinating conjunctions, conjunctive adverbs or a semi-colon.
  7. 7. Compound Sentence We went to San Juan, and most of us danced all night.
  8. 8. Compound Sentence We went to San Juan, and most of us danced all night . Subject Verb Coordinating Conjunction Predicate Verb Prepositional phrase Modifying phraseSubject
  9. 9. Compound Sentences  My parents caught a severe cold; consequently, they had to cancel their vacation. Some people like basketball; others prefer baseball. Conjunctive Adverb Semi-colon
  10. 10. Complex Sentence  A complex sentence has at least two parts: one that can stand alone and another one that cannot The part that cannot stand alone is linked to the rest of the
  11. 11. Complex Sentence Since my boyfriend and I wanted to have fun, we went to San Juan yesterday.
  12. 12. Complex Sentence Since we wanted to have fun, we went to San Juan yesterday. PredicateSubject Subordinating Conjunction Part that cannot stand alone
  13. 13.  This type of sentence has more than one part that can stand alone, and at least one that cannot  Notice how the different conjunctions link the different parts of this sentence Compound-Complex Sentence
  14. 14. Compound-Complex Sentence Since we wanted to have fun, my boyfriend and I went to San Juan yesterday, and we danced all night.
  15. 15. Since we wanted to have fun, my boyfriend and I went to San Juan, and we danced all night. Subject Predicate Subordinating Conjunction Coordinating Conjunction Part that cannot stand alone Compound-Complex Sentence
  16. 16. For More Information Index English Grammar and Composition http://www.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/index2. Tons of Fun with Grammar http://www.seasite.niu.edu/flin/103_handouts/sentences_an Grammar Book Table of Contents http://www.grammarbook.com/exercises/grammar/ cnt_gram.html
  17. 17. Thank You Center for Language Development Across the Disciplines Prepared by: Thalia N. Nazario-Santiago Coordinator for the Center for Languages and Cultures April-June 2003 Revised by: Patricia Kidd August 2004 Revised by: Prof. Delia Serrano January 2005

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