“Then the sovereignty, the
dominion, and the greatness
of all the kingdoms under the
whole heaven will be given to
the people of the saints of the
Highest One; His kingdom will
be an everlasting kingdom,
and all the dominions will
serve and obey Him”
Daniel 7, our focus this week, contains a sequence
of kingdoms, symbolized by four animals, that
parallels the sequence in Daniel 2: Babylon,
Media-Persia, Greece, and Rome.
As we study, we’ll
see that the
judgment is good
news, because our
Lord God works for
His people. He
judges in their
behalf before the
and grants them
culmination of all
their hopes as
followers of the
The Bible states that we all
will be judged. This week we
studied several facets of the
1. How will the Judgment take place?
2. When will the Judgment begin?
3. Why is a Judgment necessary?
4. When will the Judgment end?
5. The result of the Judgment.
“For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, that each one
may receive the things done in the body, according to what he has done,
whether good or bad” (2 Corinthians 5:10)
Imagine being judged by God.
(You will be.)
Imagine everything you have
ever done being judged.
(It will be.)
If you have to stand on your
record, your own deeds, your
own good works, what hope
do you have?
What, then, is your only hope
God followed the same steps in all His judgments. Those steps are investigating,
deciding and executing. That’s why the first phase of the Judgment is called
Adam and Eve:
and Eve (v. 9-13)
•Decision: He issued a
verdict (v. 14-19)
•Execution: They were
expelled from Eden (v.
interrogated Cain (v.
•Decision: He issued a
verdict (v. 11-12)
•Execution: Cain was
expelled from his land
• Investigation: He came
down to see what they
were doing (v. 5-6)
• Decision: He decided
to punish them by
language (v. 7)
• Execution: He scattered
them over the face of
all the earth (v. 8)
angels came to
•Decision: He issued
the verdict (19:15)
and Zeboim were
Investigation involves deliberation and fairness in the Judgment.
“I watched till thrones were put in place, and the Ancient of Days was
seated; His garment was white as snow, and the hair of His head was like
pure wool. His throne was a fiery flame, its wheels a burning fire; a fiery
stream issued and came forth from before Him. A thousand thousands
ministered to Him; ten thousand times ten thousand stood before Him. The
court was seated, and the books were opened” (Daniel 7:9-10)
All the decisions in the Judgment
are based on the content of the
books that “were opened”. Those
books are, among others:
1. The book of life which contains
the name of those who
accepted Christ (Ex. 32:31-33;
Psalm 69:28; Phil. 4:3; Rev. 3:5)
2. The book of deeds which
contains the record of
everything we do (Rev. 20:12)
3. The book of remembrance
which contains special
individual and collective actions
that the saints did (Psalm 56:8;
The vision in Daniel 7 shows the
moment when the Investigative
Judgment begins at Heaven.
1. Daniel 7:1-7. Four beasts come up. They
represent four world empires, from Babylon
2. Daniel 7:8, 21, 25. A little horn represents
the continuation of the Roman Empire. It
makes war against the saints for “a time
and times and half a time”.
3. Daniel 7:9-10. The Investigative Judgment
4. Daniel 7:11-12. Last events on Earth.
5. Daniel 7:13-14. Jesus receives the Kingdom
from the Father.
6. Daniel 7:22, 26. The saints receive the
The Judgment begins before the Second Coming (3) when some
events are still happening on Earth (4)
When the judgment ends, Jesus receives the Kingdom (5) and He
comes to Earth to give that Kingdom to the saints (6; see Rev. 20:4)
If “the Lord knows those who are His” (1Ti. 2:19), then why is a
judgment necessary to decide who is saved and who isn’t?
When Satan rebelled, he questioned the character and
law of God. He questioned Him and cast doubt among
the angels and the non-fallen worlds.
Of course our omniscient God is fully aware
of who His people are. He does not need a
judgment in order to decide who is going to
be saved. The pre-Advent judgment, rather,
shows the Judge to be just in the saving of
Heavenly beings need to be sure that the
saints are safe to save. As we seek to
understand the meaning of the judgment,
we need to remember the reality of the
great controversy scenario, which is
hinted at in these texts, because we see
the angelic host witnessing the judgment.
Other beings have an interest in the final
outcome of the plan of salvation.
“ The Lord knows those who
How can you be sure you are
one of “His”?
What’s the only way to be
See Romans 8:1
4. When the Judgment Ends
Read Daniel 7 again. What
are the results of the pre-
The judgment results in several far-reaching actions:
1. The Son of man is crowned. He receives “dominion, glory, and a kingdom” (Dan. 7:14,
2. The saints receive the kingdom forever. The judgment is for the benefit of the saints
who will receive God’s kingdom (Dan. 7:22). Unmistakably, the Son of man and the saints
have a very close relationship. When the Son of man receives His kingdom, He invites the
saints to join Him. His kingdom is their kingdom (Dan. 7:27). This judgment leads to a time
when the King of the everlasting kingdom is reunited with His people. This is their
greatest reward and His.
3. The rebellion is defeated and destroyed. The enemies of God’s people are
judged. After the horn makes war with the saints, it is defeated itself and
destroyed forever (Dan. 7:25, 26).
4. The absolute justice of God is demonstrated. Because the judgment in the
heavenly court is public and the angels attend the inquiries into human affairs,
all can see for themselves that God is fair in His actions. He is able to uphold
both love and righteousness. Thus, in the end God Himself will be vindicated,
and all will acknowledge that God is just and that God is love. The whole
procedure ensures that the universe will be a secure place for eternity (see Ps.
51:4, Rom. 3:4).
The pre-Advent judgment results in fulfilling the hopes of
both God and the believers.
God’s desire is to save His people and eradicate sin while
leaving no doubt about His love and justice.
Humanity’s yearning is to have salvation from sin and its
oppression in every form and to enjoy eternal life in the
presence of the One who loves them.
The judgment thus becomes the guarantee for an eternal
and trusting relationship between God and His creation.
“The final judgment is a most solemn, awful event.
This must take place before the universe. To the
Lord Jesus the Father has committed all judgment.
He will declare the reward of loyalty to the law of
Jehovah. God will be honored and His government
vindicated and glorified, and that in the presence
of the inhabitants of the unfallen worlds. On the
largest possible scale will the government of God
be vindicated and exalted. It is not the judgment of
one individual or of one nation, but of the whole
world. Oh, what a change will then be made in the
understanding of all created beings. Then all will
see the value of eternal life”
E.G.W. (This Day with God, October 14)
According to Daniel 7, Jesus will receive the
Kingdom and will give it to the saints. That
will take place on the Second Coming.
Therefore, the Investigative Judgment will
end before the Second Coming.
The decision in that Judgment will be made
known on the Second Coming. The saints
will resurrect or be transformed and the
wicked will be destroyed.
The final execution of the sentence will be
fulfilled in the second resurrection. They
will be “judged, each one according to his
works… And anyone not found written in
the Book of Life was cast into the lake of
fire” (Rev. 20:13, 15)
“Those great beasts, which are four, are four kings which arise out of the
earth. But the saints of the Most High shall receive the kingdom, and
possess the kingdom forever, even forever and ever” (Daniel 7:17-18)
“Love has been perfected among us in this:
that we may have boldness in the day of
judgment; because as He is, so are we in
this world” (1 John 4:17)
Paul confirms that the result of the Judgment is
favorable for the believers, “There is therefore
now no condemnation to those who are in Christ
Jesus, who do not walk according to the flesh,
but according to the Spirit” (Romans 8:1)
Although the righteous are vindicated in the
Judgment and their sins are washed away
forever, they are encouraged to live a life of
loyalty and responsibility while waiting for the
The assurance of our salvation transforms the
way we live. We are thankful for all God has
done for us and we love Him, so we try to
express that love through our faithfulness,
obeying Him and doing what He asks us to do.
So, does the pre-Advent
judgment threaten our
assurance of salvation?
No, because the outcome
of this judgment is certain.
It is “in favor of the saints”
(Dan. 7:22, NKJV). God’s
work in the judgment rea-
ffirms our forgiveness and
intensifies our assurance
by making our sins eter-
nally irrelevant. Judgment
is actually another mani-
festation of the salvation
that is ours.
The judgment is not the time when God decides to accept or reject us;
rather, it is the time when God finalizes our choice of whether or not
we have truly accepted Him, a choice revealed by our works. For the
believer, then, judgment increases assurance. To put it more radically,
judgment lies at the heart of the doctrine of Christian assurance.
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