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Terrorism..what breeds it


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Terrorism..what breeds it

  2. 2. CONTENTS  Introduction  Terrorism  Who is a terrorist?  Who or What is being targeted?  What causes terrorism?  Invalidated myths about causes of terrorism  Precipitants of terrorism  Prevention of Terrorism  Conclusions
  3. 3. TERRORISM DEFINED “The unlawful use of force against persons or property to intimidate a government, civilian population, or any segment thereof, in the furtherance of political or social objectives.”
  4. 4. TERRORISM  Is an unlawful act of violence  Intimidates governments or societies  Goal is to achieve political, religious or ideological objectives
  5. 5. WHO IS A TERRORIST?  The world is deeply divided over who is a terrorist.  There will always be those who will claim that some acts of violence against states and civilians are justified.  There will always be those who claim that there is a universal standard for defining terrorism.
  6. 6. WHO OR WHAT IS BEING TARGETED?  Attacks on civilians,  Government facilities,  Key economic targets, and  Information systems.
  7. 7. WHAT CAUSES TERRORISM?  Public despair and humiliation.  Anarchy (failed states).  Religion?
  8. 8. INVALIDATED MYTHS ABOUT CAUSES OF TERRORISM:  Poverty: There are only a weak and indirect relationships between poverty and terrorism  State sponsorship of terrorism: not a root cause to terrorism, but an enabling factor  Religious fanaticism: Suicidal terrorism is not caused by religion as such, but religion may give shape to and justification of political extremism  Madness: Terrorists are not insane or irrational actors
  9. 9. PRECONDITIONS FOR TERRORISM  Lack of democracy, civil rights and the rule of law  Failed or weak states  Rapid modernization  Illegitimate and corrupt governmsent  Powerful external actors upholding regimes  Extremist ideologies (secular or religious) corrupt
  10. 10. PRECONDITIONS FOR TERRORISM…  Historical traditions of political violance, civil war,      revolutions, dictatorship or occupation Hegemony and inequality in power Repression by foreign occupation or colonial powers The experience of discrimination on the basis of ethnic or religious origin Failure by the state to integrate dissident groups or emerging social classes The experience of social injustice
  11. 11. PRECIPITANTS OF TERRORISM  The presence of charismatic ideological leaders.  Provocative events triggering violent responses.
  12. 12. TERRORIST MOTIVES  Ethnic Cleansing  Damage Infrastructure  Disrupt Normal Life  Direct Kill of an Enemy
  13. 13. PREVENTION OF TERRORISM PRIMARY PREVENTION  Education!!!  Understand the differences cultures, religions, beliefs and human behaviors. in  Think of the peace, freedom and equality of all human beings, not just “my group of people”  Eliminate the root of terrorism
  14. 14. PREVENTION OF TERRORISM SECONDARY PREVENTION  Establish surveillance and monitoring system on terrorism attack  Improve protective system for citizens
  15. 15. PREVENTION OF TERRORISM TERTIARY PREVENTION  Early detection of the sources  Prevent the extension of impairments  Rescue the survivors  Console the rest of the population
  16. 16. TERRORISM CONCLUSIONS  Terrorism is an ancient tactic.  Terrorism is a mode of communication.  Terrorism is a special type of violence and Asymmetrical warfare.  Terrorism is used in times of peace, conflicts and war.  Terrorism is designed to make a point, through psychological means, fear.  Terrorism is a political act.