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  1. 1. Jonah The Runaway Prophet
  2. 2. Disclaimer <ul><li>The insights of this presentation is prepared by the author after detailed research of Biblical Scriptures (The Holy Bible) as well as that of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hebrew texts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rabbinic Literature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pseudo Ephiphanius writings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Book of Tobias (Apocrypha/ Orthodox Biblical Canon) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Third book of Machabees (Apocrypha ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Presentation will help the viewer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To have a better understanding on Biblical History </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To have a clear idea about the book of Jonah </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. The story of Jonah <ul><li>Jonah was a Prophet in a little town of Joppa ( present day Jaffa) in Philistine . </li></ul><ul><li>God called him and asked him to go to a place called Nineveh , capital of Assyria and prophecy against them. </li></ul><ul><li>But Jonah disobeyed God and boarded a ship sailing through the Mediterranean sea and headed to a place called Tarshish (Tarsus) [ Spain ] </li></ul>
  4. 4. The story of Jonah <ul><li>Raging storms broke loose and the sailors found that it was God’s anger that has caused the storm. Jonah was thrown into the sea. </li></ul><ul><li>He was gulped by a sea fish [ Whale ]. Jonah repented and prayed inside the tummy of the fish. The fish vomited Jonah upon the dry land </li></ul><ul><li>Jonah went and prophesied to Nineveh and the people of Nineveh repented of their sins </li></ul><ul><li>To have a better understanding of the places mentioned here, please take a look at the map in the next slide </li></ul>
  5. 6. Historical Setting <ul><li>Jonah becomes a prophet during the reign of Jeroboam II (Israel’s most powerful King) 793 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Jonah Prophesied between 793 BC – 753 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Jonah Preceded Amos </li></ul><ul><li>Jonah was a little boy during the time of the two miracle working prophets -Elijah and Elisha </li></ul><ul><li>Shalmaneser III was the King of Assyria when Jonah prophesied to Nineveh </li></ul><ul><li>Joppa was an Israeli Territory during that time </li></ul>
  6. 7. Who is this Jonah? <ul><li>Jonah (Yunus in Arabic) means Dove [peace] </li></ul><ul><li>He is the son of Amittai who is from Gath-Hepher (Few miles north of Nazareth) Amittai means Truth in Hebrew (   אמת ) [emet] </li></ul><ul><li>Jonah is the 5 th minor prophet in the Old testament order </li></ul><ul><li>He is mentioned twice in the Old testament </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2 Kings 14:25 – Jonah’s prophecy on Israel’s territory restoration is fulfilled </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Book of Jonah </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In New Testament , he is again referred twice by Jesus himself </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mt 12:38-41 , Luke 11:29-32 (When the Pharisees tried to corner Jesus by asking him to show a sign, He made a reference to Jonah. Jonah's restoration after three days inside the great whale prefigured the Resurrection of Jesus Christ after three days. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. Jonah – Additional Information <ul><li>According to Judaism, Jonah was the boy who was brought back to life by Elijah (The son of the widow from Zarepath) [1Kings 17:17-24] </li></ul><ul><li>This Young boy became one of the disciples of Elijah and was trained by Elijah </li></ul><ul><li>Jonah was one among the 50 prophets who stood at the banks of River Jordan when Elijah was taken up into the heavens (2 Kings 2:7) </li></ul><ul><li>Later Jonah became a disciple of Elisha and he was asked by Elisha to anoint King Jehu (2 Kings 9 :1-13) . He was a shy prophet and Jehu’s friends called him a mad fellow/false prophet .( This could be one of the factors for Jonah’s disobedience in going to Nineveh) </li></ul>
  8. 9. Now let us enter into the Book of Jonah
  9. 10. Jonah – Book Formation <ul><li>The book of Jonah was written by an unknown author </li></ul><ul><li>There are four chapters in the book of Jonah </li></ul><ul><li>Each chapter in the book of Jonah conveys a definite message </li></ul><ul><li>There is a relationship between the even chapters and the odd chapters ( we will explore that after understanding the four chapters) </li></ul>
  10. 11. Jonah - 1 <ul><li>God gives an Instruction to Jonah (Go to Nineveh) </li></ul><ul><li>Jonah disobeys God ( Travels to Tarshish) </li></ul><ul><li>God creates a storm and makes the sailors to understand that the storm was a result of Jonah’s disobedience. </li></ul><ul><li>Jonah is thrown inside the sea. </li></ul><ul><li>To make matters worse, a big fish swallows Jonah </li></ul><ul><li>Moral : If we disobey God, God will Punish us. </li></ul>
  11. 12. Jonah - 2 <ul><li>Jonah understands his mistake and prays inside the tummy of the fish </li></ul><ul><li>He submits himself to God and asks for repentance </li></ul><ul><li>God forgives him and makes he fish to vomit Jonah upon the dry land </li></ul><ul><li>Moral : If we accept our mistakes and repent, God will forgive us and save us. </li></ul><ul><li>In Jonah’s case, God used the fish as a submarine. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Jonah - 3 <ul><li>Jonah goes to Nineveh and preaches to the people of Nineveh. </li></ul><ul><li>The people of Nineveh repent (From King to Livestock) </li></ul><ul><li>God forgives them </li></ul><ul><li>Moral : God is a Gracious God. He will forgive and forget our past sins if we really repent and submit ourselves to him </li></ul>
  13. 14. Jonah - 4 <ul><li>When God showed mercy to Nineveh, Jonah gets angry because his prophesy was not fulfilled </li></ul><ul><li>Jonah became grumpy and waited to see the destruction of Nineveh. Moreover the burns in his body (acidic burns because of staying inside the fish’s belly) irritated him </li></ul><ul><li>God made a gourd to grow and cover up Jonah. Jonah was glad. Then God made a worm to eat the gourd. Now when Jonah felt the heat of the sun, he fainted and wished to die. God did this to make Jonah understand that he was a merciful God. </li></ul><ul><li>Moral : God’s plans, thoughts and ways are not ours. If we hold on to him, we would understand his plans. </li></ul>
  14. 15. Relationship between chapters 1 and 3 <ul><li>The same verses in the two chapters have similarities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Verse 1 – God’s command to Jonah </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Verse 3 – Jonah’s response to God’s command </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Verse 5 – Reaction of people around Jonah </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. Relationship between chapters 2 and 4 <ul><li>The 2 nd chapter and 4 th chapter shows Jonah’s contrasting behavioral response </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Verse 1 – Jonah’s prayer/ Jonah’s anger </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Verse 7,8 – Jonah’s soul fainted / Physically fainted </li></ul></ul>
  16. 17. End note <ul><li>The book of Jonah ends with a question posed by God. </li></ul><ul><li>We never know whether Jonah became calm or whether he continued to be grumpy </li></ul><ul><li>But we know one thing from the book of Jonah – God is a merciful God and he gives us one more chance to repent and ask for forgiveness. Are we ready to submit ourselves? </li></ul>
  17. 18. About the author <ul><li>The author[ Prason] comes from a very small town in the southern most part of India. </li></ul><ul><li>He had a good education and he was brought up in Christian faith. But he went with the ways of the world in his late teens and fell for all the vices. </li></ul><ul><li>Still God chose him; broke him and molded him and has made him to be a steward for his sheep. </li></ul><ul><li>Now the Lord is imparting him with his wisdom and is training him to be an Apostle with a Prophetic Calling . </li></ul><ul><li>Praise God! for his Yoke is easy and his burden is light   </li></ul><ul><li>If you want to share anything regarding this presentation, please write to the author [Prason] at [email_address] </li></ul>