Many animals eat more food than usually in the fall in order to get ready for hibernation. A few animals that hibernate Animals In The Fall are chipmunks, Pennsylvania squirrels, groundhogs, raccoons, and skunks.
Scientific Name: Tamias General Appearance: pudgy cheeks, large, glossy eyes, stripes, and bushy tails Color: gray to reddish-brown with contrasting dark and light stripes on the sides of their face and across their back and tail Habitat: anywhere from forest to deserts Life Span: 2 to 3 years Litter Size: two to eight offspring Chipmunks Diet: nuts, berries, seeds, fruit, and grain Hibernation: Chipmunks do not store fat in order to hibernate. During the winter they slowly eat the food that they collected in the summer. Size: four to seven inches. Weight: 1 to 5 ounces.
Scientific Name: Sciuridae Color: shades of grey, shades of brown, pure white, pure black, black body with a white tail Habitat: burrow or tunnel systems, nest, and tree holes Life Span: 1 to 12 years Litter Size: two to eight offspring Diet: nuts, leaves, roots, seeds, other plants. small animals, such as insects and caterpillars, bark, eggs, fruits, Squirrels baby birds Hibernation: Squirrels do not hibernate as bears do but their activity does significantly decrease in the winter. Size: 5 to 36 inches Weight: 0.5 ounces to 4 pounds
Scientific Name: Marmota monax General Appearance: compact, chunky body supported by relatively short, strong legs Color: grizzled brownish-gray, white, or black Habitat: woodlands Life Span: 6 to 8 years Litter Size: six offspring Gestation Period: Diet: grasses, plants, fruits, and tree bark Hibernation: After the first Groundhogs frost, they retreat to their underground burrows and sleep until spring. They get all of their substance during that period from their body fat. During hibernation their heart rate drops a lot, as does their body temperature. Size: 24.75 inches to 33.75 inches Weight: about 13 pounds
Scientific Name: Procyon lotor Color: gray or black in color with pale gray coloring underneath, or red, or blonde, black mask, four to six black or dark brown rings around the tail Habitat: forests, marshes, prairies, and cities Life Span: 2 to 3 years Litter Size: One to seven offspring Diet: crawfish, frogs, other Raccoons aquatic animals, mice, insects, eggs, fruits, and plants Hibernation: They eat a lot of food in the summer and spring in order to store up enough body fat for the winter. For the majority of winter they stay asleep in dens. Size: 23.75 to 37.5 inches Weight: 4 to 23 pounds
Scientific Name: Mephitis mephitis Color: black and white with a striped, spotted, or swirled pattern Habitat: hollow logs, burrows, abandoned buildings Life Span: 3 years Litter Size: two to ten offspring Diet: fruit and plants, insects, larvae, worms, eggs, reptiles, small mammals, and fish Hibernation: Skunks are less active in the winter. Skunks Size: 13 to 34 inches Weight: 7 ounces to 14 pounds
Many animals eat plants or the fruits that grow on plants. After the first frost most plants die. However, some plants such as Sweet Plants In Fall Goldenrod, Pennsylvania Periwinkle, and Indian Blanket survive the first frost quite easily.
Scientific Name: Solidago odora Origin: native to eastern United States Habitat Ecology: sand hills and dry woodlands Flower color: yellow Seeds: very small Smell: Smells like licorice when crushed. Pollinator: wind Size: Steams are two to five feet tall and leaves are one to four inches Sweet Goldenrod
Scientific Name: Vinca minor Origin: native to Europe, Asia, and North America Habitat Ecology: woodlands Flower color: lilac-blue or purple Seeds: comes in groups of three to five Pollinators: wind Size: 2 foot long stem Periwinkle
Scientific Name: Gaillardia pulchella Origin: native to North America Habitat Ecology: deserts and uplands Flower color: centers rose- purple, petals are yellow, orange, crimson or copper scarlet Pollinators: butterflies Size: 2 to 3 inches across, 18 to 36 inches high Indian Blanket
Trees have many characteristics that are similar to plants. During the fall most tree start to lose their leaves. However, some trees such as Trees In Fall Eastern Hemlock Pennsylvania trees, Colorado Blue Spruce trees, and Balsam Fir trees do not lose their leaves in the winter.
Scientific Name: Tsuga canadensis Origin: native to Pennsylvania Leaves: flat needles 1/3-2/3- inch long Height: up to 70 feet Years to reach maturity: 250 to 300 years Years lived: 800 years or more Eastern Hemlock Trees
Scientific Name: Picea pungens Engelm Origin: native to Pennsylvania Leaves: Needles 4-sided, stiff, in-curved and spiny pointed to 1/4", usually blush-green Height: up to 150 feet Years to reach maturity: 50 to 150 Years lived: up to and more than 600 Colorado Blue Spruce Trees
Scientific Name: Abies balsamea Origin: native to Pennsylvania Leaves: bright green, about 1 inch long, arranged in two rows on either side of the twig, curving upwards with a narrow V-shaped empty space along the top of the twig Height: up to 70 feet Balsam Fir Trees
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