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Fall ecology powerpoint 2


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Fall ecology powerpoint 2

  1. 1. The animals, plants, andtress of fall.
  2. 2.  Many animals eat more food than usually in the fall in order to get ready for hibernation. A few animals that hibernate Animals In The Fall are chipmunks, Pennsylvania squirrels, groundhogs, raccoons, and skunks.
  3. 3.  Scientific Name: Tamias General Appearance: pudgy cheeks, large, glossy eyes, stripes, and bushy tails Color: gray to reddish-brown with contrasting dark and light stripes on the sides of their face and across their back and tail Habitat: anywhere from forest to deserts Life Span: 2 to 3 years Litter Size: two to eight offspring Chipmunks Diet: nuts, berries, seeds, fruit, and grain Hibernation: Chipmunks do not store fat in order to hibernate. During the winter they slowly eat the food that they collected in the summer. Size: four to seven inches. Weight: 1 to 5 ounces.
  4. 4.  Scientific Name: Sciuridae Color: shades of grey, shades of brown, pure white, pure black, black body with a white tail Habitat: burrow or tunnel systems, nest, and tree holes Life Span: 1 to 12 years Litter Size: two to eight offspring Diet: nuts, leaves, roots, seeds, other plants. small animals, such as insects and caterpillars, bark, eggs, fruits, Squirrels baby birds Hibernation: Squirrels do not hibernate as bears do but their activity does significantly decrease in the winter. Size: 5 to 36 inches Weight: 0.5 ounces to 4 pounds
  5. 5.  Scientific Name: Marmota monax General Appearance: compact, chunky body supported by relatively short, strong legs Color: grizzled brownish-gray, white, or black Habitat: woodlands Life Span: 6 to 8 years Litter Size: six offspring Gestation Period: Diet: grasses, plants, fruits, and tree bark Hibernation: After the first Groundhogs frost, they retreat to their underground burrows and sleep until spring. They get all of their substance during that period from their body fat. During hibernation their heart rate drops a lot, as does their body temperature. Size: 24.75 inches to 33.75 inches Weight: about 13 pounds
  6. 6.  Scientific Name: Procyon lotor Color: gray or black in color with pale gray coloring underneath, or red, or blonde, black mask, four to six black or dark brown rings around the tail Habitat: forests, marshes, prairies, and cities Life Span: 2 to 3 years Litter Size: One to seven offspring Diet: crawfish, frogs, other Raccoons aquatic animals, mice, insects, eggs, fruits, and plants Hibernation: They eat a lot of food in the summer and spring in order to store up enough body fat for the winter. For the majority of winter they stay asleep in dens. Size: 23.75 to 37.5 inches Weight: 4 to 23 pounds
  7. 7.  Scientific Name: Mephitis mephitis Color: black and white with a striped, spotted, or swirled pattern Habitat: hollow logs, burrows, abandoned buildings Life Span: 3 years Litter Size: two to ten offspring Diet: fruit and plants, insects, larvae, worms, eggs, reptiles, small mammals, and fish Hibernation: Skunks are less active in the winter. Skunks Size: 13 to 34 inches Weight: 7 ounces to 14 pounds
  8. 8.  Many animals eat plants or the fruits that grow on plants. After the first frost most plants die. However, some plants such as Sweet Plants In Fall Goldenrod, Pennsylvania Periwinkle, and Indian Blanket survive the first frost quite easily.
  9. 9.  Scientific Name: Solidago odora Origin: native to eastern United States Habitat Ecology: sand hills and dry woodlands Flower color: yellow Seeds: very small Smell: Smells like licorice when crushed. Pollinator: wind Size: Steams are two to five feet tall and leaves are one to four inches Sweet Goldenrod
  10. 10.  Scientific Name: Vinca minor Origin: native to Europe, Asia, and North America Habitat Ecology: woodlands Flower color: lilac-blue or purple Seeds: comes in groups of three to five Pollinators: wind Size: 2 foot long stem Periwinkle
  11. 11.  Scientific Name: Gaillardia pulchella Origin: native to North America Habitat Ecology: deserts and uplands Flower color: centers rose- purple, petals are yellow, orange, crimson or copper scarlet Pollinators: butterflies Size: 2 to 3 inches across, 18 to 36 inches high Indian Blanket
  12. 12.  Trees have many characteristics that are similar to plants. During the fall most tree start to lose their leaves. However, some trees such as Trees In Fall Eastern Hemlock Pennsylvania trees, Colorado Blue Spruce trees, and Balsam Fir trees do not lose their leaves in the winter.
  13. 13.  Scientific Name: Tsuga canadensis Origin: native to Pennsylvania Leaves: flat needles 1/3-2/3- inch long Height: up to 70 feet Years to reach maturity: 250 to 300 years Years lived: 800 years or more Eastern Hemlock Trees
  14. 14.  Scientific Name: Picea pungens Engelm Origin: native to Pennsylvania Leaves: Needles 4-sided, stiff, in-curved and spiny pointed to 1/4", usually blush-green Height: up to 150 feet Years to reach maturity: 50 to 150 Years lived: up to and more than 600 Colorado Blue Spruce Trees
  15. 15.  Scientific Name: Abies balsamea Origin: native to Pennsylvania Leaves: bright green, about 1 inch long, arranged in two rows on either side of the twig, curving upwards with a narrow V-shaped empty space along the top of the twig Height: up to 70 feet Balsam Fir Trees
  16. 16. Work Cited“Balsam Fir.” ODNR. ODNR Division of Forestry. Web. 22 Nov. 2012.“Blue Spruce.” USDA. USDA NRCS, n.d. Web. 22 Nov. 2012.“Chipmunk.” National Geographic. National Geographic Society, 2012. Web. 21 Nov. 2012.“Colorado Blue Spruce.” DCNR. Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, n.d. Web. 22 Nov. 2012.“Controlling Nuisance Groundhogs.” mdconline. Conservation Commission of Missouri, 2012 Web. 21 Nov. 2012.Duever, Linda. “Solidago odora.” Floridata. Floridata, 3 Nov. 2003. Web. 22 Nov. 2012.“Eastern Hemlock.” DCNR. Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, n.d. Web. 22 Nov. 2012.“Eastern Hemlock.” ODNR. ODNR Division of Forestry. Web. 22 Nov. 2012.“Eastern Hemlock.” Photograph. Sycamorearboretum. Sycamorearboretum. Web. 22 Nov. 2012.“Fun Facts About Groundhogs.” groundhog. The Punxsutawney Groundhog Club, 2012. Web. 21 Nov. 2012.“Goldenrod.” Wikipedia. Wikipedia, 28 October 2012. Web. 21 Nov. 2012.“Groundhog.” National Geographic. National Geographic Society, 2012. Web. 21 Nov. 2012.“Indian Blanket.” Photograph. Eden Brothers. Eden Brothers, 2012. Web. 22 Nov. 2012.Kinsey, Beth. “Gaillardia pulchella – Firewheel.” Fireflyforest. Southern Arizona Wildflowers, 2012. Web. 22 Nov. 2012.Penny, Jennie, Brianna, Kenny, and Jennifer Tea. The Deep Sleep. Oracle ThinkQuest, n.d. Web. 21 Nov.2012.“Periwinkle Plant.” Gardening Central. Gardening Central, 2009. Web. 22 Nov. 2012.“Raccoon” dnr. ODNR Division of Wildlife , n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2012.“Raccoon.” National Geographic. National Geographic Society, 2012. Web. 21 Nov. 2012Saunders, D.A. “Gray Squirrel.” Adirondack Ecological Center. State University of New York, 1988. Web. 21 Nov. 2012.Scheper, Jack. “Gaillardia pulchella.” Floridata. Floridata, 15 October 2003. Web. 22 Nov. 2012.“Skunk,” National Geographic. National Geographic Society, 2012. Web. 21 Nov. 2012.“Squirrel.” National Geographic. National Geographic Society, 2012. Web. 21 Nov. 2012.“Squirrel Facts.” Squirrels. The Squirrel Place, 2012. Web. 21 Nov. 2012.“Sweet Goldenrod.” Herbs. Natural Medicinal Herbs, n.d. Web. 22 Nov. 2012.