CMT3321: Assistive Technology         Arundhati, Aesha, Sumbal, Dayo
Able to hear but not be heard                   Able to dream but unable to speak your mind << INTRODUCTION               ...
TECHNOLOGY vs. ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY                        LIFE-LINE            Save time            Research            E...
An in-depth study on the topic of Dementia                Developing an understanding of target audience<< OBJECTIVES     ...
CONTEXT >>             SOCIAL             SETTING             PHYSICAL
Our Approach3. Concept Design Scenario
Persona-An Illustrative Case of ‘M’   Aim/Goals-                                      To be able to manage everyday       ...
MENTAL MODEL     Physical   Environment      Accessibility      Adaptability   PERSON’S                 Activity Related  ...
Problem Statement                    WHO?                    Target:                              Intellectual            ...
Requirements Acquisition INTELLECTUALSevere memory problems                               One or a few simple action gen...
CONCEPTUAL DESIGNDeveloping a design for Wearable Assistive Information Appliances (WAIA)
1. Augmentative/ Alternative Communication2. Wearable/Edible RFID tags for location                                       ...
Narayanan,N.H and Fickas S. Ameliorating Cognitive Impairments: Research Challenges in             Designing Mobile, Multi...
Bohil C. and Rebenitsch L. An Exploration of Real-Time Environmental Interventions for Care             of Dementia Patien...
ANY QUESTIONS?CONCLUSION
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Designing Assistive Technology

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Designing Assistive Technology

  1. 1. CMT3321: Assistive Technology Arundhati, Aesha, Sumbal, Dayo
  2. 2. Able to hear but not be heard Able to dream but unable to speak your mind << INTRODUCTION Imagine yourself full of ideas which have meaning but with no means to effectively express yourself
  3. 3. TECHNOLOGY vs. ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY LIFE-LINE Save time Research Explore Create
  4. 4. An in-depth study on the topic of Dementia Developing an understanding of target audience<< OBJECTIVES Scoping the requirements of design Researching existing assistive technologies Forming an illustrative description of a concept
  5. 5. CONTEXT >> SOCIAL SETTING PHYSICAL
  6. 6. Our Approach3. Concept Design Scenario
  7. 7. Persona-An Illustrative Case of ‘M’ Aim/Goals- To be able to manage everyday life activities without being overseen Frustration and pain point- Difficulty in remembering recent events such as conversations, current tasks and family news M is a 72 year old male who has early Alzheimer’s disease. He lives in his own home with an elderly Age- 72 years old Sex- Male spouse. He likes to go out into the community Status- Early history of episodic unaccompanied. Some of his impairments are mild memory problems. memory problems, spatial disorientation, difficulty in finding the right words, taking some time to Current solution: recognize that he is lost when he becomes lost, - Caregiver/assistant embarrassment in approaching others and asking - Mobile phone - Post-it reminders for directions, and inability to generate solutions. These impairments are episodic (occur only Problems with solution: occasionally). - 24/7 assistance /expensive - Limited application - Unrealistic in situations
  8. 8. MENTAL MODEL Physical Environment Accessibility Adaptability PERSON’S Activity Related EFFECTIVENESS Underlying Activity Specific Competence CAPABILITIES Disability Participation/Engagement(physical, cognitive) Quality of Life Introducing Design ConceptActivity Demands Technology UseBasic / Valued Activities Informal/formal care Behavior Change
  9. 9. Problem Statement WHO? Target: Intellectual Diagnosed with dementia ---------------------------------- Sub/Supportive: WHAT? Autism Alzheimers Down’s Syndrome Social Old age
  10. 10. Requirements Acquisition INTELLECTUALSevere memory problems  One or a few simple action generation whichConfabulation works for a variety of situationsAbstract thinkingImpaired judgment  Device should be able to track progress relative toChanges in personality a previously entered task plan.Distortions in recognitionLoss of initiative  Help provided should include standard components: what the current task is? What actions are required to accomplish it? Where he SOCIAL needs to go to accomplish the task?Inability to recognize that  Must be unobtrusive and unlikely to attract thewhich was previously attention of othersfamiliar  Augmentative and Alternative CommunicationDisorientationWanderingLoss of speech/Fumbling
  11. 11. CONCEPTUAL DESIGNDeveloping a design for Wearable Assistive Information Appliances (WAIA)
  12. 12. 1. Augmentative/ Alternative Communication2. Wearable/Edible RFID tags for location 3. Inconspicuous Task Guide with GPS function
  13. 13. Narayanan,N.H and Fickas S. Ameliorating Cognitive Impairments: Research Challenges in Designing Mobile, Multimodal and Adaptive Interfaces for Context-Aware Assistance. Miskelly F. Age and Ageing Vol.33 No.3. A novel system of electronic tagging in patients with dementia and wandering Wandering is a common problem in people with dementia. Previous attempts at electronic tagging have been unsuccessful because of inadequacy of the technology Galton C J. et al., Atypical and typical presentations of Alzheimers disease: a clinical,REFERENCES neuropsychological, neuroimaging and pathological study of 13 cases Reiss M.L. and Wacker R.R., Factors Associated with Assistive Technology Discontinuance among Individuals with Disability
  14. 14. Bohil C. and Rebenitsch L. An Exploration of Real-Time Environmental Interventions for Care of Dementia Patients in Assistive Living This Paper explores alternatives to the traditional definition of intervention ,wherein the involvement of a caregiver is assumed using a new modality wherein interventions are automatically instigated in response to conditions detected by physiological and behavioral measures Baecker R. Designing Technology to Aid Cognition This paper focus on the proper method to focus on while designing for people with cognitive impairmentsREFERENCES
  15. 15. ANY QUESTIONS?CONCLUSION

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