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Digital Human Models - Results of a World Café 2017

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Content:
Applications of digital human models
Objectives of the use of digital human models
Description dimensions of digital human models
Literature and organisations
Norms, guidelines, committees
Results of the World Café „Digital Human Models“: chances, driving forces and challenges sorted by different domains

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Digital Human Models - Results of a World Café 2017

  1. 1. Digital Human Models Results of a World Café in Stuttgart on February 9, 2017 © Competence Centre for Virtual Reality and Cooperative Engineering w. V. – Virtual Dimension Center (VDC) in Stuttgart on February 9, 2017 Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Kfm. Christoph Runde Virtual Dimension Center (VDC) Fellbach Auberlenstr. 13 70736 Fellbach www.vdc-fellbach.de
  2. 2. Anwendungen Zielsetzungen Beschreibungsdimensionen Literatur, Organisationen Normen, Richtlinien Ergebnisse World Café Applications of digital human models Objectives of the use of digital human models Description dimensions of digital human models Literature and organisations Norms, guidelines, committees Results of the World Café „Digital Human Models“: Content Applications Objectives Description Dimensions Literature, Organisations Norms, Guidelines Results World Café World Café „Digital Human Models“ Stuttgart,February 9,2017 Results of the World Café „Digital Human Models“: Chances, driving forces and challenges sorted by different domains 2
  3. 3. Applications Objectives Description Dimensions Literature, Organisations Norms, Guidelines Results World Café Digital design and testing of (technical) systems for human use (examples: usability, accessibility, visibility, comfort, safety, protection, crash, orthotics, prosthetics) Digital design and testing of technical systems taking into account the presence of humans: human as a physical influencing variable, for example in simulation models (Examples: crash, airflow cockpit, vibration analysis seat) Application classes 3D human models World Café „Digital Human Models“ Stuttgart,February 9,2017 Applications simulation models (Examples: crash, airflow cockpit, vibration analysis seat) Physical simulation of body functions (examples: forces, flow) Design, test, training of processes with the involvement of other actors/ avatars (examples: military training environments, emergency response simulators) Training and education on digital people (example: surgery) Virtual human as a trainer for the improvement of knowledge transfer Media, entertainment, infotainment, tele conferences 3
  4. 4. Applications Objectives Description Dimensions Literature, Organisations Norms, Guidelines Results World Café Engineering: design workplaces, cockpit, work processes, tools, sports equipment, (protective) clothing Defense: training, battlefield simulation Medicine: training surgery, design implant with CT data, simulation as diagnostic Areas of application Applications World Café „Digital Human Models“ Stuttgart,February 9,2017 with CT data, simulation as diagnostic support Fashion design Entertainment: games, film Education: digital trainers 4 Areas ofapplication fordigital human models [Badler, Norman (1997):Virtual Humans forAnimation, Ergonomics, and Simulation. Los Alamitos, Calif.: IEEE Computer Society
  5. 5. Applications Objectives Description Dimensions Literature, Organisations Norms, Guidelines Results World Café Avoidance of (accident/ life) danger Consideration of many age groups, percentiles, somatotypes in the system design: hedging product functionality for large part of the population is achievable Objective, repeatable statements about comfort Objectives and benefits 3D human models Objectives World Café „Digital Human Models“ Stuttgart,February 9,2017 Meaningful simulation results (physics) partially only possible taking a human model into account Realistic but risk-free military and medical simulators: better training effect Diagnostic support Simulation environments with avatars cheaper in the medium term than field exercises; independent of disturbing influences (like weather) Increase entertainment value, improve transfer 5
  6. 6. Applications Objectives Description Dimensions Literature, Organisations Norms, Guidelines Results World Café Description dimensions 3D human models Description Dimensions World Café „Digital Human Models“ Stuttgart,February 9,2017 ,ƵŵĂŶ ŵŽĚĞů &ƵŶĐƚŝŽŶĂů ǀŝĞǁ ŶƚŚƌŽƉŽŵĞƚƌLJ &ĞĂƐŝďŝůŝƚLJ ĂƐƐĞƐƐŵĞŶƚ ŝŽŵĞĐŚĂŶŝĐƐ DŽǀĞŵĞŶƚ ĂŶĂůLJƐĞƐ WŚLJƐŝŽůŽŐLJ ŽĚLJ ƚĞŵƉĞƌĂƚƵƌĞ ĂŶĂůLJƐŝƐ ŽŐŶŝƚŝŽŶ WĞƌĐĞŝǀŝŶŐ ĂŶŐƵĂŐĞ sŽŝĐĞ ŝŶƉƵƚ ŵŽƚŝŽŶĂůŝƚLJ LJŶĂŵŝĐ ĞŵŽƚŝŽŶĂů ƐƚĂƚĞƐ ZĞƉƌĞƐĞŶƚĂƚŝŽŶ ĂŶĚ ǀŝƐƵĂůŝnjĂƚŝŽŶ ĞǀĞů ŽĨ ĚĞƚĂŝů tŚŽůĞͲďŽĚLJ ŵŽĚĞů KƵƚƉƵƚ ƐLJƐƚĞŵ ĞƐŬƚŽƉͲďĂƐĞĚ ϯ ŝůůƵƐƚƌĂƚŝŽŶ dŝŵĞͲƌĞůĂƚĞĚ ǀŝĞǁ ŶŝŵĂƚŝŽŶ͕ ŵĂŶŝƉƵůĂƚŝŽŶ ĞLJĨƌĂŵŝŶŐ ƵƚŽŶŽŵLJ ĞǀĞů ŽĨ ĂƵƚŽŶŽŵLJ WƌŽĂĐƚŝǀŝƚLJ /ŶĚŝǀŝĚƵĂůŝƚLJ ZŽůĞ ĚĞƐĐƌŝƉƚŝŽŶ ŽŶǀĞƌƐĂƚŝŽŶ 6 ĂƐƐĞƐƐŵĞŶƚ WŽƐƚƵƌĞ ĂŶĂůLJƐĞƐ ŽŵĨŽƌƚ ĂŶĂůLJƐĞƐ ĐĐĞƐƐŝďŝůŝƚLJ ĂŶĂůLJƐĞƐ sŝĞǁ ĂŶĂůLJƐĞƐ ĂŶĂůLJƐĞƐ ŽƌĐĞ ĂŶĂůLJƐĞƐ ^ƚƌĞƐƐ ĂŶĂůLJƐĞƐ ĐĐŝĚĞŶƚ ŶĂůLJƐĞƐ ĂŶĂůLJƐŝƐ WƌŽďůĞŵ ƐŽůǀŝŶŐ ĞĐŝĚŝŶŐ ĞĂƌŶŝŶŐ sŽŝĐĞ ŽƵƚƉƵƚ ĞŵŽƚŝŽŶĂů ƐƚĂƚĞƐ ŵŽĚĞů ĂĐĞ ŵŽĚĞů 'ĂƌŵĞŶƚ ŵŽĚĞů ,Ăŝƌ ŵŽĚĞů ŶĂƚŽŵŝĐ ŵŽĚĞů ϯ ŝůůƵƐƚƌĂƚŝŽŶ /ŵŵĞƌƐŝǀĞ sZ ;ŐƌĂƉŚŝĐͿ ,ĂƉƚŝĐ WĂƌĂŵĞƚƌŝĐ ĂŶŝŵĂƚŝŽŶ /ŶǀĞƌƐĞ ŬŝŶĞŵĂƚŝĐƐ DŽƚŝŽŶ ĐĂƉƚƵƌŝŶŐ ĂĐĞ ĂŶŝŵĂƚŝŽŶ ŝƉ ƐLJŶĐŚƌŽŶŝnjĞĚ ƐƉĞĂŬŝŶŐ ĂŶŝŵĂƚŝŽŶ ZĞĂĐƚŝǀŝƚLJ ZŽďƵƐƚŶĞƐƐ ĚĂƉƚŝǀŝƚLJ ŽŐŶŝƚŝŽŶ ^ŽĐŝĂůŝƚLJ WƌĞƐĞŶƚĂƚŝŽŶ ƐƐŝƐƚĞŶĐĞ WĞĚĂŐŽŐLJ ƵůƚƵƌĂů ĂƐƉĞĐƚƐ
  7. 7. Applications Objectives Description Dimensions Literature, Organisations Norms, Guidelines Results World Café Brechter, Matthias: Entwicklung einer Auswahlsystematik für digitale Menschmodelle. Masterthesis, Hochschule Reutlingen, 2010 Badler, Norman (1997): Virtual Humans for Animation, Ergonomics, and Simulation. Los Alamitos, Calif.: IEEE Computer Society Bubb, Heiner: A Scientific perspective of digital human models: past, present, and future. In: Duffy, Vincent; R aton, Boca: Handbook of Digital Human Modelling.CRC Press, 2009 Jens Mühlstedt, Hans Kaußler und Birgit Spanner-Ulme: Programme in Menschengestalt: Digitale Menschmodelle für CAx- und PLM-Systeme. The Software Incarnate: Digital Human Models for CAx- Literature Literature, Organisations World Café „Digital Human Models“ Stuttgart,February 9,2017 Menschmodelle für CAx- und PLM-Systeme. The Software Incarnate: Digital Human Models for CAx- and PLMSystems. In: Zeitschrift für Arbeitswissenschaft, 2/2008 Organisations Global Human Body Models Consortium, www.ghbmc.com SAE G-13 Committee on Digital Human Modelling Technology http://www.sae.org/standardsdev/aerospace/g13.htm IEA Technical Committee on Human Simulation and Virtual Environments (TC HSVE), http://www.iea.cc/about/technical.php?id=51deab500e62e International Society for Human Simulation http://www.societyhumansimulation.org/ 7
  8. 8. Applications Objectives Description Dimensions Literature, Organisations Norms, Guidelines Results World Café ISO 7250 Anthropometry / Essential dimensions of the human body for the technical design ISO 15535 General requirements for establishing anthropometric databases ISO 15536-1/-2 Ergonomics - Computer manikins and body templates ISO 13407 User-oriented design of interactive systems ISO 20685 3-D scanning methodologies for internationally compatible Norms, guidelines, committees Norms, Guidelines World Café „Digital Human Models“ Stuttgart,February 9,2017 ISO 20685 3-D scanning methodologies for internationally compatible anthropometric databases ISO/IEC 19774 Information technology - Computer graphics and image processing – Humanoid Animation (H-Anim) DIN EN 547-1/3 Body measurements of humans VDI 3633-6 Simulation - Illustration of the personnel in simulation models VDI 4499 Part 4 Features and Limitations of Human Models, German Guideline 8
  9. 9. Applications Objectives Description Dimensions Literature, Organisations Norms, Guidelines Results World Café Chances Planning o Cost-Benefit-Analysis o Humanmodels in early warning systems, Collisions Virtual maintenance Costreduction o Quality improvement o Quality assessment − Ergonomics − Specifications − Avoidance oferrors /Hedging Human-centred planning and development Results World Café: Market Business models Driving forces Individualisation Globalisation and cooperation Demands from applications o Occupational medicine o Safety at work o Product security Barriers Cost-benefit ratio of DMM unfavorable IT services insufficient World Café „Digital Human Models“ Stuttgart,February 9,2017 Results World Café o Human-centred planning and development o Individualisation ofhumanmodels Virtual commissioning o Simulation − Emergencies − Accidents − Rescue o Accident situation o Operator simulator o Training foremployees o Validation ofsafety concepts o Workplace design withoutMock-up Marketing o Productdifferentiation o Ergonomics as a label Business models /procedures o DMMas aservice (planning, …) 9 o Workplace ergonomics o Corporate Governance o Continuous improvement process in shopfloor (efficiency, ergonomics) o Marketing o Doctor, training, fire brigade o Sport o Medicine: digital shadow, prosthetics, orthotics
  10. 10. Applications Objectives Description Dimensions Literature, Organisations Norms, Guidelines Results World Café Chances Prototyping o Integrations between trades/ domains o Visualization for non- specialists o Communication between expert groups, also global Results World Café: Processes Procedures Driving forces Processes o Development costs o Avoidance of errors o Increase of cost efficiency o Crowd engineering o Simultaneous engineering Barriers Specialised DMM: lack of generic models No intuitive use of DMM- software World Café „Digital Human Models“ Stuttgart,February 9,2017 Results World Café expert groups, also global o Human-centred (product, production) o Support decision making o Planning large integration projects o Process illustration o Flexibility and variability 10 o Concurrent engineering Digital hedging o Human factor, human centered design / engineering o Hedging for world markets o Catastrophe simulation
  11. 11. Applications Objectives Description Dimensions Literature, Organisations Norms, Guidelines Results World Café Chances Prosthetics, Orthotics, Sports equipment Exoskeletons Vehicle construction Production systems Results World Café: Technologies Driving forces Consumer technologies o Game engines o VR, AR, HMDs o VR controller o Cinema o Social media Barriers Insufficient standardisation/ interfaces Lack of a standardised gesture language No integration in standard software Problem when mapping DMM World Café „Digital Human Models“ Stuttgart,February 9,2017 Results World Café 11 Human-robot-cooperation o Autonomous driving o Assistance systems o Machine learning o Exoskeletons Markerless tracking HPC, Cloud, Computing Power in general Problem when mapping DMM and MoCap models Insufficient linkage, bandwidth infrastructure
  12. 12. Applications Objectives Description Dimensions Literature, Organisations Norms, Guidelines Results World Café Chances Individualisation of human models Variety can be displayed Results World Café: Data availability Driving forces Avoidance of privacy issue, as there are no real persons Barriers Semantics of data (environment of DMM) (lack of standards) World Café „Digital Human Models“ Stuttgart,February 9,2017 Results World Café 12
  13. 13. Applications Objectives Description Dimensions Literature, Organisations Norms, Guidelines Results World Café Chances Transfer of knowledge in virtual space, learning applications Training for employees Manual substitution Rehab applications Medical questions Results World Café: Qualifications Driving forces - Barriers Lack of experts DMM Complexity of DMM software Lack of imagination for application possibilities World Café „Digital Human Models“ Stuttgart,February 9,2017 Results World Café e.g. Mixed Reality with dummy 13
  14. 14. Applications Objectives Description Dimensions Literature, Organisations Norms, Guidelines Results World Café Chances Communication between expert groups in prototyping, also global Human-centred planning and development Individualisation of human models Results World Café: Society Driving forces Increase acceptance of collaborations Ageing society and demographic change More spare time Barriers Lack of acceptance of DMM Employees, works council and generations Confidence Comparability Transparency and reproducibility of results Results World Café World Café „Digital Human Models“ Stuttgart,February 9,2017 models 14 reproducibility of results Validation Data protection Visualization
  15. 15. Applications Objectives Description Dimensions Literature, Organisations Norms, Guidelines Results World Café Chances Validation of safety concepts Results World Café: Law Politics Driving forces Admission and demand for virtual certification by legislator Avoiding privacy issues when using DMM as there are no real (natural) persons Barriers Lack of subsidies (invest) incl. start-up funding Results World Café World Café „Digital Human Models“ Stuttgart,February 9,2017 15
  16. 16. Daily News Daily Events Daily News Monthly Virtual-Reality-Newsletter Stay in touch with us! World Café „Digital Human Models“ Stuttgart,February 9,2017 Group Virtual Reality Virtual Engineering Network Profile Publications Daily News Network Website 16
  17. 17. Thank you very much for your interest! You are interested in this topic and you are looking for contact persons/ implementation partners? Please contact us. Virtual Dimension Center (VDC) Fellbach Auberlenstraße 13 70736 Fellbach www.vdc-fellbach.de © Competence Centre for Virtual Reality and Cooperative Engineering w. V. – Virtual Dimension Center (VDC)

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