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3D Human Models: VDC-Whitepaper

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Content:
Application classes 3D human models
Objective and benefits of 3D human models
Description dimensions
Areas of application
Recording, digitization

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3D Human Models: VDC-Whitepaper

  1. 1. Whitepaper 3D Human Models Types, Applications, Benefits © Competence Centre for Virtual Reality and Cooperative Engineering w. V. – Virtual Dimension Center (VDC) Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Kfm. Christoph Runde Virtual Dimension Center (VDC) Fellbach Auberlenstr. 13 70736 Fellbach www.vdc-fellbach.de Types, Applications, Benefits
  2. 2. Vorstellung VDCApplication classes Objective & Benefit Description dimensions Areas of application Digitization Content Application classes 3D human models Objective and benefits 3D human models Description dimensions Areas of application Recording, digitizationRecording, digitization
  3. 3. Vorstellung VDCApplication classes Objective & Benefit Description dimensions Areas of application Digitization Application classes 3D human models Digital design and testing of (technical) systems for human use (examples: usability, accessibility, visibility, comfort, safety, protection, crash, orthotics, prosthetics) Digital design and testing of technical systems taking into account the presence of humans: human as a physical influencing variable, for example in simulation models (examples: crash, airflow cockpit, vibration analysis seat) Application classes simulation models (examples: crash, airflow cockpit, vibration analysis seat) Physical simulation of body functions (examples: forces, flow) Design, test, training of processes with the involvement of other actors/ avatars (examples: military training environments, emergency response simulators) Training and education on digital people (example: surgery) Virtual human as a trainer for the improvement of knowledge transfer Media, entertainment, infotainment, tele conferences
  4. 4. Vorstellung VDCApplication classes Objective & Benefit Description dimensions Areas of application Digitization Objective and benefits 3D human models Avoidance of (accident/ life) danger Consideration of many age groups, percentiles, somatotypes in the system design: hedging product functionality for large part of the population is achievable Objective, repeatable statements about comfort Objective & Benefit Meaningful simulation results (physics) partially only possible taking a human model into account Realistic but risk-free military and medical simulators: better training effect Diagnostic support Simulation environments with avatars cheaper in the medium term than field exercises; independent of disturbing influences (like weather) Increase entertainment value, improve transfer
  5. 5. Vorstellung VDCApplication classes Objective & Benefit Description dimensions Areas of application Digitization ,ƵŵĂŶ ŵŽĚĞů &ƵŶĐƚŝŽŶĂů ǀŝĞǁ ŶƚŚƌŽƉŽŵĞƚƌLJ &ĞĂƐŝďŝůŝƚLJ ĂƐƐĞƐƐŵĞŶƚ ŝŽŵĞĐŚĂŶŝĐƐ DŽǀĞŵĞŶƚ ĂŶĂůLJƐĞƐ WŚLJƐŝŽůŽŐLJ ŽĚLJ ƚĞŵƉĞƌĂƚƵƌĞ ĂŶĂůLJƐŝƐ ŽŐŶŝƚŝŽŶ WĞƌĐĞŝǀŝŶŐ ĂŶŐƵĂŐĞ sŽŝĐĞ ŝŶƉƵƚ ŵŽƚŝŽŶĂůŝƚLJ LJŶĂŵŝĐ ĞŵŽƚŝŽŶĂů ƐƚĂƚĞƐ ZĞƉƌĞƐĞŶƚĂƚŝŽŶ ĂŶĚ ǀŝƐƵĂůŝnjĂƚŝŽŶ ĞǀĞů ŽĨ ĚĞƚĂŝů tŚŽůĞͲďŽĚLJ ŵŽĚĞů KƵƚƉƵƚ ƐLJƐƚĞŵ ĞƐŬƚŽƉͲďĂƐĞĚ ϯ ŝůůƵƐƚƌĂƚŝŽŶ dŝŵĞͲƌĞůĂƚĞĚ ǀŝĞǁ ŶŝŵĂƚŝŽŶ͕ ŵĂŶŝƉƵůĂƚŝŽŶ ĞLJĨƌĂŵŝŶŐ ƵƚŽŶŽŵLJ ĞǀĞů ŽĨ ĂƵƚŽŶŽŵLJ WƌŽĂĐƚŝǀŝƚLJ /ŶĚŝǀŝĚƵĂůŝƚLJ ZŽůĞ ĚĞƐĐƌŝƉƚŝŽŶ ŽŶǀĞƌƐĂƚŝŽŶ Description dimensions 3D human models Description dimensions ĂƐƐĞƐƐŵĞŶƚ WŽƐƚƵƌĞ ĂŶĂůLJƐĞƐ ŽŵĨŽƌƚ ĂŶĂůLJƐĞƐ ĐĐĞƐƐŝďŝůŝƚLJ ĂŶĂůLJƐĞƐ sŝĞǁ ĂŶĂůLJƐĞƐ ĂŶĂůLJƐĞƐ ŽƌĐĞ ĂŶĂůLJƐĞƐ ^ƚƌĞƐƐ ĂŶĂůLJƐĞƐ ĐĐŝĚĞŶƚ ŶĂůLJƐĞƐ ĂŶĂůLJƐŝƐ WƌŽďůĞŵ ƐŽůǀŝŶŐ ĞĐŝĚŝŶŐ ĞĂƌŶŝŶŐ sŽŝĐĞ ŽƵƚƉƵƚ ĞŵŽƚŝŽŶĂů ƐƚĂƚĞƐ ŵŽĚĞů ĂĐĞ ŵŽĚĞů 'ĂƌŵĞŶƚ ŵŽĚĞů ,Ăŝƌ ŵŽĚĞů ŶĂƚŽŵŝĐ ŵŽĚĞů ϯ ŝůůƵƐƚƌĂƚŝŽŶ /ŵŵĞƌƐŝǀĞ sZ ;ŐƌĂƉŚŝĐͿ ,ĂƉƚŝĐ WĂƌĂŵĞƚƌŝĐ ĂŶŝŵĂƚŝŽŶ /ŶǀĞƌƐĞ ŬŝŶĞŵĂƚŝĐƐ DŽƚŝŽŶ ĐĂƉƚƵƌŝŶŐ ĂĐĞ ĂŶŝŵĂƚŝŽŶ ŝƉ ƐLJŶĐŚƌŽŶŝnjĞĚ ƐƉĞĂŬŝŶŐ ĂŶŝŵĂƚŝŽŶ ZĞĂĐƚŝǀŝƚLJ ZŽďƵƐƚŶĞƐƐ ĚĂƉƚŝǀŝƚLJ ŽŐŶŝƚŝŽŶ ^ŽĐŝĂůŝƚLJ WƌĞƐĞŶƚĂƚŝŽŶ ƐƐŝƐƚĞŶĐĞ WĞĚĂŐŽŐLJ ƵůƚƵƌĂů ĂƐƉĞĐƚƐ
  6. 6. Vorstellung VDCApplication classes Objective Benefit Description dimensions Areas of application Digitization Areas of application Engineering: design workplaces, cockpit, work processes, tools, sports equipment, (protective) clothing Defense: training, battlefield simulation Medicine: training surgery, design implant with CT data, simulation as Areas of application implant with CT data, simulation as diagnostic support Fashion design Entertainment: games, film Education: digital trainers Areas of application for digital human models [Badler, Norman (1997): Virtual Humans for Animation, Ergonomics, and Simulation. Los Alamitos, Calif.: IEEE Computer Society
  7. 7. Vorstellung VDCApplication classes Objective Benefit Description dimensions Areas of application Digitization Jack (Siemens PLM) Anthropometric models Comfort and accessibility analyses Visibility analyses Collision checks (e.g. in the vehicle area) Areas of application Realistic motion simulation Anthropometry database for statistical body shape sizing Automatic, statically-based generation of body types based on three specific measures Skeleton with bones and joints (kinematics), angle restrictions RTT Ramsis (RTT) IDO:Ergonomics (ICIDO)
  8. 8. Vorstellung VDCApplication classes Objective Benefit Description dimensions Areas of application Digitization Anthropometric models Fashion design Virtual prototyping of fashion, styling evaluation Generation of patterns Areas of application Fashion visualization (Wurzel-Medien) Fashion visualization (RTT)
  9. 9. Vorstellung VDCApplication classes Objective Benefit Description dimensions Areas of application Digitization Biomechanics models Digital atlases and analysis of CT and MRI data Spatial representation of human anatomy for education/ training CT and MRI data can also be displayed immersively DigiHom (Fraunhofer IPA) Areas of application immersively Spatial work (navigation, sections) possible Google Body Browser (Google)
  10. 10. Vorstellung VDCApplication classes Objective Benefit Description dimensions Areas of application Digitization Biomechanics models Analysis of the human locomotor system Muscle and joint forces Elastic energy in tendons Muscle activity Development of prostheses and implants Areas of application Human locomotor system (AnyBody) Development of prostheses and implants Ergonomic investigations Motion analyses in sports Rehabilitation
  11. 11. Vorstellung VDCApplication classes Objective Benefit Description dimensions Areas of application Digitization Biomechanics models Graphic and haptic representation of invasive procedures with associated equipment (endoscopes, laparoscopes, ...) for training Areas of application Virtual surgery with associated haptic interface (The Medical News (2010): http://www.thaimedicalnews.com) Laparoscope- simulator Endoscope- simulator
  12. 12. Vorstellung VDCApplication classes Objective Benefit Description dimensions Areas of application Digitization Physics simulation models Analysis of flow and structure simulation results Spatial representation and interaction for the analysis of simulation results Areas of application Flow simulation aneurism (Visenso)
  13. 13. Vorstellung VDCApplication classes Objective Benefit Description dimensions Areas of application Digitization Physics simulation models Load calculation for implants based on FEM and MKS Product AnyBody: set kinematics of the vertebrae Product ANSYS: FEM analysis (load, strength) of the vertebra implant based Areas of application strength) of the vertebra implant based on vertebra kinematics Implant calculation (CADFEM, Anybody)
  14. 14. Vorstellung VDCApplication classes Objective Benefit Description dimensions Areas of application Digitization Avatars Digital trainer Multimodal communication: speaking, gesturing, pointing at the same time Areas of application Assistant Steve explains, what has to be done (University of Southern California )
  15. 15. Vorstellung VDCApplication classes Objective Benefit Description dimensions Areas of application Digitization Avatars Use of human models as independent actors Creation of parametric movements Models programmed or behavior- based Areas of application based Special modeling and animation tools, animation libraries Processing motion-capturing data Additional plug-ins (e.g. fabric simulation) Morphing (e.g. for facial animation) Hair simulation Virtual actress from the game „Heavy Rain“ [Heavy Rain - Playstation 3 (2010), http://www.heavyrainps3.com] Specialised software: Poser (left) and MakeHuman (right) (POSER - Complete 3D Figure Design Animation http://poser.smithmicro.com/poser.html , MAKEHUMAN - Open Source Tool for making 3D charakters, http://www.makehuman.org)
  16. 16. Vorstellung VDCApplication classes Objective Benefit Description dimensions Areas of application Digitization Avatars Provision of action scenarios Re-enactment of production scenarios: leadership, pay systems Education/ training, team training, operational planning, reviewing procedures, virtual accident exercises, Learn2work Korion Areas of application procedures, virtual accident exercises, practicing the operation Re-enactment of disaster scenarios, reconstruction of procedures/ operations related to disasters and subsequent rescue operations Acceptance of buildings and plants: checking the suitability for evacuation, for the isolation of an accident ADMS ETC Simulation, Florida/USA XVR E-Semble, Netherlands
  17. 17. Vorstellung VDCApplication classes Objective Benefit Description dimensions Areas of application Digitization Recording, digitization Countrywide series measurement (e.g. iSize) Body scanner: surface model Computer Tomography (CT): especially bones Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): Digitization 3D body scanner (Vitus) Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): especially tissues and organs Force-torque sensors Recording the force-path curve (here: using animal preparation) Source: TU München CT data (Wikipedia)
  18. 18. Vorstellung VDCApplication classes Objective Benefit Description dimensions Areas of application Digitization Motion capturing Recording the positions of limbs and joints Transfer to avatar Recording, digitization Digitization Motion capturing (optical, magnetic, mechanical and gyroscopic) [Tümmler, Jörn (2007): avatars in real- time simulation. Dissertation, Kassel University Press GmbH, Kassel] Real-time capability High realism of movements Optical, electromagnetic, mechanical, gyroscopic
  19. 19. Vorstellung VDCApplication classes Objective Benefit Description dimensions Areas of application Digitization Brechter, Matthias: Entwicklung einer Auswahlsystematik für digitale Menschmodelle. Masterthesis, Hochschule Reutlingen, 2010 Badler, Norman (1997): Virtual Humans for Animation, Ergonomics, and Simulation. Los Alamitos, Calif.: IEEE Computer Society Bubb, Heiner: A Scientific perspective of digital human models: past, present, and future. In: Duffy, Vincent; R aton, Boca: Handbook of Digital Human Modelling.CRC Press, 2009 Jens Mühlstedt, Hans Kaußler und Birgit Spanner-Ulme: Programme in Menschengestalt: Digitale Menschmodelle für CAx- und PLM-Systeme. The Software Incarnate: Digital Human Models for CAx- and PLMSystems. In: Zeitschrift für Arbeitswissenschaft, 2/2008 Literature Digitization PLMSystems. In: Zeitschrift für Arbeitswissenschaft, 2/2008 Organisations Global Human Body Models Consortium, www.ghbmc.com SAE G-13 Committee on Digital Human Modelling Technology http://www.sae.org/standardsdev/aerospace/g13.htm IEA Technical Committee on Human Simulation and Virtual Environments (TC HSVE), http://www.iea.cc/02_about/Technical%20Committees/Human%20Simulation%20and%20Virtual%20Environ ments.html International Society for Human Simulation http://www.societyhumansimulation.org/
  20. 20. Vorstellung VDCApplication classes Objective Benefit Description dimensions Areas of application Digitization ISO 7250 Anthropometry / Essential dimensions of the human body for the technical design ISO 15535 General requirements for establishing anthropometric databases ISO 15536-1/-2 Ergonomics - Computer manikins and body templates ISO 13407 User-oriented design of interactive systems ISO 20685 3-D scanning methodologies for internationally compatible Norms, guidelines, committees Digitization ISO 20685 3-D scanning methodologies for internationally compatible anthropometric databases ISO/IEC 19774 Information technology - Computer graphics and image processing – Humanoid Animation (H-Anim) DIN EN 547-1/3 Body measurements of humans VDI 3633-6 Simulation - Illustration of the personnel in simulation models VDI 4499 Part 4 Features and Limitations of Human Models, German Guideline
  21. 21. Vorstellung VDCApplication classes Objective Benefit Description dimensions Areas of application Digitization Members regarding this topic
  22. 22. Thank you very much for your interest! You are interested in this topic and you are looking for contact persons/ implementation partners? Please contact us. © Competence Centre for Virtual Reality and Cooperative Engineering w. V. – Virtual Dimension Center (VDC) Virtual Dimension Center (VDC) Fellbach Auberlenstraße 13 70736 Fellbach www.vdc-fellbach.de

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