1PS 545-001 SPRING 2013AMERICAN POLITICALTHOUGHTMWF 9-9:50AM 506 King Library (Conference Room)Course Hashtag: #ps545INTRODUCTION:Are you a pirate?Do you avoid using Peer-to-Peer technologies for fear of losing your university computing privileges andreceiving a hefty fine from the RIAA?Why do we even have copyright anyway? Does it serve any productive purpose?PS 545 American Political Thought explores contemporary American political thought, its formation andthe ways in which it is involved in major problems of culture, political economy, ideology, community andidentity. This semester, we will be exploring these issues through the lens of the following themes:• The History of Intellectual Property, Copyright & Patent in American Political Thought• The Legal, Political, Cultural & Technological Dimensions of Sharing• DRM, DMCRA and Other Architectural Barriers to Peer Production and the construction of aknowledge commons• The Political Economy of (Intellectual) Property and the (Knowledge) Commons• The Future(s) of the Internet – why Net Neutrality, Open Source Software, Open Hardware andthe Generative Internet are more important than you may realize• The Politics of DIY, Maker Culture and the Political Economy of Commons-Based PeerProduction (including 3D Printing)• Labor in American political thought and the potential impact of roboticsMany of the issues we will discuss will involve some controversy, and will require you to approach themwith an open mind. The goal of this course is not to indoctrinate you or to force a set of beliefs aboutpolitics, economics and copyright/patent upon you. Quite the opposite – I want to help you to build thecritical political theoretical tools with which to engage this central issue in American political thought. Theresults are up to you. I hope you will join with us this semester in what I hope will prove to be anenlightening, engaging and provocative exploration of contemporary American political thought.Welcome to the course!INSTRUCTOR INFORMATION:Instructor: Dr. Christopher S. Rice Twitter: @ricetopherOffice: 518 King Science Library Email: firstname.lastname@example.orgOffice Hours: By Appointment Telephone: 859.257.4011
2COURSE REQUIREMENTS:Grades and Examinations: Your final course grade will be based on three (3)components:• Class Preparation, Participation & Attendance – 20%• Working Journal – 40%• Research/Augmented Reality Project – 40%Course Readings: The following texts are required for this course:• James Boyle, The Public Domain. ISBN: 978-0-300-13740-8• Lawrence Lessig, Free Culture. ISBN: 978-0143034650.• Cory Doctorow, Content. ISBN: 978-1892391810• Jonathan Zittrain, The Future of the Internet. ISBN: 978-0300151244• Yochai Benkler, The Wealth of Networks. ISBN: 978-0300125771• Cory Doctorow, Makers. ISBN: 978-0765312815 (pbk)However, you do not need to purchase any texts for this course. All course readings are either availableas free, Creative Commons-licenses PDF downloads, are freely available on the Internet or may beaccessed through the University of Kentucky’s electronic journals collection. The links to each week’sreadings will be made available in a clearly labeled Note in an Evernote Notebook I will share with classmembers. Since class time will be largely spent engaging with the assigned readings for the day, youmust bring each day’s readings to the class period for which they are assigned. As a word of warning, thereading load will be quite heavy at times for this course (often approaching 100 pages/week), in additionto the required writing assignments. See “Class Participation and Preparation” below for details on theestimated time requirements for the class.Class Participation, Preparation & Attendance: Because this course isdesigned around a collaborative research and learning approach, attendance is required for yoursuccess, as well as that of the course. You should come prepared every day to be an active participant inthe course, working on course activities, arguing for your own perspectives on the course material,listening to the viewpoints and arguments of other class members and then engaging with them and theinstructor in an informed, thoughtful and considerate manner. If you feel that you cannot devote the timeto this course that is expected (2.5 hours in-class + 8-10 hours out of class per week), then you may wantto consider dropping the course. For those of you willing to invest the time, however, I promise you arewarding experience!In addition to our face-to-face discussions, we will be using Twitter in PS 545 as a “backchannel” bothduring and outside of class. You are encouraged to bring your phones or laptops to class and Tweet outcomments or issues raised during the class. You are also encouraged to share links and sources that youfind useful and are placing in your Working Journal, as well as brief reactions to the scheduled coursereadings, while outside of class. During the semester, please use the “#ps545” hashtag when Tweetingfor class. You will be graded on the both the quantity and quality of your contributions – both in and out ofclass – to our exploration of the readings, data and other course work.A rubric outlining how participation and preparation will be graded will be posted to a Note in the courseEvernote Notebook by January 14, 2013. I strongly encourage you to bring (if you have access to one)your laptop, tablet/iPad or internet-capable phone to class EVERY DAY. Class time will not be spentpassively listening to lectures; rather we will be engaged in active learning in every class session,including research and data analysis. An internet-capable device will prove to be of high value to you inthis regard. If you do not have access to Evernote through a laptop, tablet or internet-capable phoneduring class, you should print out a copy of the readings for the day and your response notes you’re your
3Working Journal and bring them to class that day. Class preparation & participation count for 20% of yourtotal course grade.Working Journal: One of the key tasks for any political theorist is to reflect upon and activelyengage with key texts in their chosen subject of study. For purposes of this course, you will need to keepan ongoing reading and research journal as the home for this informal engagement with the course texts,to be contributed to prior to (and in between) each class session. I expect good grammar and spelling, butI don’t wish you to obsess over such things – this is not to be written as a formal paper. Think of this as aspace to have a “conversation” with the texts and between them, drawing in insightful outside material aswarranted. You might find a few critical or provocative passages from the texts and quote these passageswhile critiquing their arguments or supporting them based on other readings, materials or classdiscussion. The platform we will be using for this assignment, Evernote (see below), makes it easy to pullin articles or other digital artifacts from the Internet that will contribute to this conversation. Be creativewith your use of the journal, but be rigorous and thoughtful as well. It will be a key lifeline as you engagewith the major course topics and serve as your most valuable resource when preparing for class andworking on your research project.You must stay up-to-date with your work on this assignment. There will be a prompt posted each week inour course Evernote Notebook for you to respond to. Your class preparation notes should also be enteredinto this journal. This is your place to store links to websites, articles, data sources, pictures, videos, etc.that are relevant to our exploration of the major course topics. You will need to bring in at minimum oneoutside article or artifact per course session into your Journal that is relevant to the topic of that day’sreading(s) and annotate it accordingly. (I also recommend Tweeting these links out as you find them toadd to the class discussion. It is possible to do this directly from Evernote.). You should be certain to traceconnections between the assigned readings, our class discussions and articles/artifacts that you findonline related to the theoretical focus of the readings we are engaged with in class at the time.You are required to start a free Evernote account, create a Notebook entitled “PS 545 Spring 2013” for thecourse and share it with me with me (only) by the beginning of class on January 14, 2013. You shouldthen begin posting your journal entries, research materials and class preparation sheets to your sharedEvernote Notebook on Monday, January 14, 2013. I will explain this requirement in full in class onJanuary 14, and a rubric outlining grading criteria for the journal will be posted to a Note in the courseEvernote Notebook at that time. I will examine your Working Journal at the midterm of the semester(around March 4) and provide feedback at that time. All journal work must be completed by 5pm,April 26, 2013. Your journal work will constitute 40% of your total course grade.Research/Augmented Reality Project: The Research Project is your opportunity todemonstrate mastery of the course readings and subject matter, your ability to synthesize and criticallyengage with them, your ability to incorporate material related to the course topics and readings that youhave collected and considered in your Working Journal, and also to creatively apply the knowledge andskills you gain during the semester in a novel fashion. You should expect to produce at least 3000 wordsof text for the project, as well as bibliographic work, photos, video, infographics, etc. The project must alsopossess an augmented reality component using Layar Creator (http://www.layar.com/). Your work for thisproject will constitute 40% of your course grade. Full details of the project will be posted to a Note in theclass Evernote Notebook prior to Spring Break. Your Research Project must be posted as a PDF inyour Working Journal by 10:30am, May 1, 2013. The result of this project will be an ebook withAugmented Reality components collecting all student projects that will be made available on the web for apublic audience under a Creative Commons license after the end of the semester. Your research projectwork will constitute 40% of your total course grade.
4COURSE POLICIES:Classroom Standards: I expect all students to behave in a professional manner during classtime. This means coming to class on time and being ready to start class at 9am. It is disrespectful tome and to your fellow students to come late and disrupt class, so be on time. I will not tolerate chronictardiness, and if you arrive to class more than 5 minutes late, you may be asked to turn around and leave.Also, unless you have obtained prior approval from me, you may not leave class early. Furthermore, I donot tolerate rude and disruptive classroom behavior. During class, refrain from engaging in non-relevantand distracting side-conversations, reading a newspaper, doing crosswords, sudoku or otherpuzzles/games, sleeping, non-course-related text messaging or similar cellphone use, or listening to youriPod or other .mp3 players. Laptops and other internet access devices ARE STRONGLYENCOURAGED in class for accessing your textbooks, taking notes and looking up material relevant tothat day’s work on the internet. Please do not abuse this privilege by using your Internet access device toFacebook, do email, shop online or play games. I reserve the right to dismiss from class any student inviolation of these policies.Grading: All course assignments will be graded on a 0-100 point scale. The grading scale for theexams and papers, as well as the final course grade for undergraduate students is as follows: A = 90-100%, B = 80-89%, C = 70-79%, D = 60-69%, and E = 0-59%. For graduate students, the grading scalefor this course is as follows: A = 90-100%, B = 80-89%, C = 70-79%, E = 0-69%. The course is notgraded on a “curve.”Email Policy: You may always feel free to contact me via email. However, I do have a few generalguidelines you must follow when doing so. Always begin the subject line of an email to me with “PS545:”. This will put your email into the appropriate inbox, allowing me to respond to your email in a timelyfashion. Emails that do not have “PS 545:” at the beginning of the subject line may not receive aresponse. Also, emails are NOT text messages/IM communications. When emailing me you should openthe email by addressing me as Dr. Rice, identifying who you are and which course you are in (and at whattime the course meets), concisely providing the nature of your problem/request, and then signing off withyour name. If you have followed these directions, you may expect a response within 48 hours of itsreceipt. If you have a pressing emergency, you should speak to me before or after class, ping me onTwitter or contact me by phone. As a final note, I will NOT provide your grades (nor discuss anypersonally-identifiable grade information) by email, Twitter or over the phone.Twitter Policy: While I do not follow students on Twitter, I will always see Tweets sent using@ricetopher or the course hashtag #ps545. I check Twitter often throughout the day and will generallyrespond to Tweets within 24 hours. While Twitter is a more informal mode of communication, I still insistthat you treat me and other members of the class with respect when communicating via these channels,just as you would during an in-class discussion. I will NOT provide your grades (nor discuss anypersonally-identifiable grade information) by Twitter. Remember: messages sent to me on Twitter, usingthe course hashtag are publicly available. If you need to speak to me about a private matter, please useyour University of Kentucky email account or speak with me face-to-face. If you have privacy concernswith using Twitter, you DO NOT have to use your real name when creating an account. Simply create anaccount with a username that cannot be connected to you and do not use your real name on the profile orin your messages. Please let me know what username you will be using for the course so that I may noteit in the gradebook and give you credit for your work.Office Hours: I will be scheduling several office hours each week, though the times and days forthese will vary as we find what works best for this class. I will provide an online calendar through which
5you may schedule appointments with me. You have the option of either coming to my office in 518 King atthat time to meet with me in person or meet with me using Skype or Google Hangout.Excused Absences: The University defines the following as acceptable reasons for excusedabsences: illness of the student or serious illness of a member of the student’s immediate family; death ofa member of the student’s immediate family; trips for members of student organizations sponsored by anacademic unit, trips for university classes and trips for participation in intercollegiate athletic events; majorreligious holidays; any other circumstances which the instructor finds reasonable cause fornonattendance. I reserve the right to require documentation for any excused absence. It is the student’sresponsibility to notify me before any absence if possible, but no later than one week following theabsence in any case. It is the student’s responsibility to provide proper documentation and notification inall cases. See Student Rights and Responsibilities, Part II, Section 188.8.131.52(http://www.uky.edu/StudentAffairs/Code/part2.html) for UK’s policy on excused absences.Late Assignments: University policy will be followed regarding all make-up exams and writingassignments. Make-up exams and writing will only be allowed for excused absences. For definitions ofthese terms, please consult the Student Rights and Responsibilities handbook.A Brief Note on Cheating & Plagiarism and Academic Integrity:Please see the home page for the Office of Academic Ombud Services (http://www.uky.edu/Ombud) for adefinition of plagiarism, how to avoid plagiarism and UK’s new academic offense policy. See also StudentRights and Responsibilities, Part II, Section 6.3 (http://www.uky.edu/StudentAffairs/Code/part2.html) forUK’s policy on academic integrity.Classroom and Learning Accommodations: If you have a documented disabilitythat requires academic accommodations, please see me as soon as possible during scheduled officehours. In order to receive accommodations in this course, you must provide me with a Letter ofAccommodation from the Disability Resource Center (Room 2, Alumni Gym, 257‐2754, email email@example.com) for coordination of campus disability services available to students withdisabilities.One Last Thing – Dropping the Course: Not that I hope you choose to leave ourlittle soiree, but there are a couple of dates you should keep in mind should the need arise. The last dayto drop this course without it appearing on your transcript is January 30, 2013. The last day to withdrawfrom the course is April 5, 2013.COURSE SCHEDULE:NOTE: All items in the course schedule are subject to change at the discretion of the instructor. Thesechanges will be announced in class, by email or by Twitter. You are responsible for all announcedchanges, so come to class and check email and the course hashtag on Twitter often.A History of Intellectual Property, Copyright & Patent in American PoliticalThoughtJanuary 11 – Boyle, Ch. 1 & Lessig, Ch. 1January 14 – Benkler, Ch. 1January 16 – Boyle, Ch. 2January 18 – Lessig Ch. 2-4, Doctorow (Context), “The Copyright Thing” & “You Shouldn’t Have to SellYour Soul Just to Download Some Music”January 23 – Benkler, Ch. 2
6January 25 – Boyle, Ch. 3, Lessig Ch.5Legal, Political, Cultural & Technological Dimensions of SharingJanuary 28 – Benkler Ch. 3January 30 – Lessig, pp. 121-168February 4 – Boyle, Ch. 4Wrapping Up the Commons: DRM, DMCRA and Architectural Barriers toPeer ProductionFebruary 6 – Boyle Ch. 5February 8 – Doctorow (Content), selected essays:• “Microsoft Research DRM Talk”• “The DRM Sausage Factory”• “Why is Hollywood Making a Sequel to the Napster Wars?”• “How Do You Protect Artists?”February 11 – Benkler Ch. 4February 13 – Boyle Ch. 6February 15 – Doctorow (video), “The Coming War on General Purpose Computation”http://youtu.be/HUEvRyemKSgFebruary 18 – Boyle Ch. 7The Political Economy of Property and the CommonsFebruary 20 – Benkler, Ch. 5February 22 – Benkler, Ch. 6February 25, 27 – Benkler, Ch. 7March 1 – Benkler, Ch. 8March 4 – Benkler, Ch. 10March 6 – Boyle Ch. 8March 8 – Jaron Lanier, “You Are Not A Gadget” http://youtu.be/T5JZFx6rIlY and “How Not to Create aCyber Plutocracy” http://youtu.be/G1KObNG_WnwMarch 11-15 – SPRING BREAK – NO CLASSESThe Future(s) of the InternetMarch 18 & 20 – Benkler, Ch. 11March 22 – Zittrain Intro, Ch. 1 & 2March 25 – Zittrain Ch. 3March 27 – Zittrain Ch. 4March 29 – Zittrain Ch. 5April 1 – Zittrain Ch. 6 & 7The Political Economy of 3D Printing and RoboticsApril 3 – 3-D Printing I• Rimmer (2012), “Inventing the Future: Intellectual Property and 3D Printing”http://elgarblog.wordpress.com/2012/10/18/inventing-the-future-intellectual-property-and-3d-printing-by-matthew-rimmer/• Kostakis, Vasilis (2013), “At the Turning Point of the Current Techno-Economic Paradigm:Commons-Based Peer Production, Desktop Manufacturing and the Role of Civil Society in thePerezian Framework”April 5 – 3-D Printing II• Institute for the Future (2011) – The Future of Open Fabrication
7• Weinberg (2010), “It Will Be Awesome If They Don’t Screw It Up: 3D Printing, IntellectualProperty, and the Fight Over the Next Great Disruptive Technology”April 8 – 3-D Printing III• Rideout (2011), “Printing the Impossible Triangle: The Copyright Implications of Three-Dimensional Printing”• Doherty (2012), “Downloading Infringement: Patent Law as a Roadblock to the 3D PrintingRevolution”April 10 – Robotics I• Borenstein, Jason (2011) “Robots and the changing workforce.” AI & Society 26:87–93• Joy (2000), “Why the Future Doesn’t Need Us”• Cascio (2009), “Three Possible Economic Models (Part II)”http://www.fastcompany.com/1339945/three-possible-economic-models-part-iiApril 12 – Robotics II• Smith (2013), “The End of Labor: How to Protect Workers From the Rise of Robots”http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2013/01/the-end-of-labor-how-to-protect-workers-from-the-rise-of-the-robots/267135/• Kelley (2012) “Better Than Human: Why Robots Will — And Must — Take Our Jobs”http://www.wired.com/gadgetlab/2012/12/ff-robots-will-take-our-jobs/all/Maker Culture and the Politics of Commons-Based Peer ProductionApril 15 – Doctorow (Makers), pp. 9-71April 17 – Doctorow (Makers), pp. 71-144April 19 – Doctorow (Makers), pp. 144-218April 22 – Doctorow (Makers), pp. 221-299April 24 – Doctorow (Makers), pp. 299-351April 26 – Doctorow (Makers), pp. 351-416