PS 101 The Bureaucracy Fall 2008

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PS 101 The Bureaucracy Fall 2008

  1. 1. The Bureaucracy Dr. Christopher S. Rice
  2. 2. Bureaucracy A large organization in which people with specialized knowledge are organized into a clearly defined hierarchy of bureaus and offices, each of which has a specified mission.
  3. 3. Bureaucracy Public agencies that translate the intent of democratic institutions into action.
  4. 4. Advantages?
  5. 5. 2
  6. 6. Ability to organize large tasks
  7. 7. Concentration of specialized talent
  8. 8. Disadvantages?
  9. 9. Efficiency vs. Responsiveness
  10. 10. The Merit System • Spoils System dominated the 19th and (most of the) 20th century bureaucracy. – “It’s not what you know, but who you know…” • Merit System: people hired & promoted on basis of qualifications & job performance, not political connections.
  11. 11. So what do bureaucrats do, exactly? • Execution of laws • Rule-Making (Regulation) – Rulemaking – the process of deciding exactly what the laws passed by Congress mean. – Rule – statement by a federal agency that interprets a law and prescribes the specific action an agency will take to implement that law.
  12. 12. So what do bureaucrats do, exactly? • Execution of laws • Rule-Making (Regulation) – Rulemaking – the process of deciding exactly what the laws passed by Congress mean. – Rule – statement by a federal agency that interprets a law and prescribes the specific action an agency will take to implement that law.
  13. 13. So what do bureaucrats do, exactly? • Execution of laws • Rule-Making (Regulation) – Rulemaking – the process of deciding exactly what the laws passed by Congress mean. – Rule – statement by a federal agency that interprets a law and prescribes the specific action an agency will take to implement that law.
  14. 14. So what do bureaucrats do, exactly? • Rule-Making (cont’d.) – Federal Administrative Procedures Act – Certain minimum standards must be met when making rules. – Interest group participation
  15. 15. So what do bureaucrats do, exactly? • Rule-Making (cont’d.) – Federal Administrative Procedures Act – Certain minimum standards must be met when making rules. – Interest group participation
  16. 16. So what do bureaucrats do, exactly? • Rule-Making (cont’d.) – Federal Administrative Procedures Act – Certain minimum standards must be met when making rules. – Interest group participation
  17. 17. So what do bureaucrats do, exactly? • Adjudication – process designed to establish whether a rule has been violated. – In making rules, bureaucracies act like legislatures; in judging them they act like courts. – National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) – Potential problems with bureaucrats as policymakers…
  18. 18. So what do bureaucrats do, exactly? • Adjudication – process designed to establish whether a rule has been violated. – In making rules, bureaucracies act like legislatures; in judging them they act like courts. – National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) – Potential problems with bureaucrats as policymakers…
  19. 19. So what do bureaucrats do, exactly? • Adjudication – process designed to establish whether a rule has been violated. – In making rules, bureaucracies act like legislatures; in judging them they act like courts. – National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) – Potential problems with bureaucrats as policymakers…
  20. 20. So what do bureaucrats do, exactly? • Adjudication – process designed to establish whether a rule has been violated. – In making rules, bureaucracies act like legislatures; in judging them they act like courts. – National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) – Potential problems with bureaucrats as policymakers…
  21. 21. Privatization: The Good, the Bad and the Ugly

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