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Slide show prepared for a series of lectures on Anarchism for PS 240 Intro to Political Theory at the University of Kentucky, Fall 2007. Dr. Christopher S. Rice, Lecturer.

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  1. 1. Anarchism Dr. Christopher S. Rice
  2. 3. “ I must tell you first of all what anarchism is not . It is not bombs, disorder, or chaos. It is not robbery or murder. It is not a war of each against all. It is not a return to barbarism or to the wild state of man. Anarchism is the very opposite of all that .” – Alexander Berkman, American anarchist, 1929
  3. 4. ?
  4. 6. Anarchism The philosophy of a new social order based on liberty unrestricted by man-made law; the theory that all forms of government rest on violence and are therefore wrong and harmful, as well as unnecessary.
  5. 8. Enragés
  6. 11. Order is the genus: Government is the species
  7. 12. anarchos
  8. 13. Anarchism is not as systematic an ideology as liberalism or Marxism
  9. 14. Liberty Equality Solidarity
  10. 15. Liberalism Anarchism Marxism
  11. 16. freedom and equality are complementary , not contradictory
  12. 17. Progress & History
  13. 18. Linear Dialectic Dualistic
  14. 19. Linear Dialectic Dualistic
  15. 20. Linear Dialectic Dualistic
  16. 21. HOPE, not certainty
  17. 22. A little of column A, A little of column B
  18. 23. Anarchist Conception of Freedom
  19. 24. Agent
  20. 25. The individual is the basic unit of society…
  21. 26. … but full humanity can only be achieved by membership in a community/ society.
  22. 27. Individual-in-Community
  23. 28. Human Nature
  24. 29. 2 basic impulses
  25. 30. “ Kill the social sense in man – and you get a savage orangutan; kill egoism in him and he will become a tame monkey.” - Alexander Herzen
  26. 31. Self-interested impulse to subdue others for individual purposes
  27. 32. An impulse to help others (Mutual Aid)
  28. 33. Human Malleability
  29. 34. HOPE
  30. 35. Goal
  31. 36. The highest level of individual freedom possible for the individual, the fulfillment of each individual’s full human potential, while at the same time developing human society to the highest degree possible.
  32. 37. Anarchism “seeks the complete development of individuality combined with the highest development of voluntary association in all respects, in all possible degrees for all imaginable ends.” - Kropotkin
  33. 38. The Problem of Conventional Institutions
  34. 43. A few goals… <ul><li>Overthrow of the State </li></ul><ul><li>End of private property </li></ul><ul><li>The end of “democracy” </li></ul><ul><li>The end of repressive social structures and values ( “transvaluation” of human values) </li></ul><ul><li>Full and rewarding work and leisure </li></ul>
  35. 44. Obstacle(s)
  36. 45. The State (!)
  37. 46. “ Of all the things which interfere with the free activity of the individual, which reduce liberty and compel us to act in ways different from those we would choose, the most powerful and pervasive is the state.” (Jennings)
  38. 47. The essential function of the state is to maintain the existing inequalities in society…
  39. 48. Private Property
  40. 49. Godwin: each article of property ought to belong to the individual whose possession of it would yield the greatest good for the greatest number; thus, property should be distributed according to claims of need.
  41. 50. “ Property is Theft” (Proudhon)
  42. 51. “ The only demand that property recognizes is its own gluttonous appetite for greater wealth, because wealth means power; the power to subdue, to crush, to exploit, the power to enslave, to outrage, to degrade.” - Emma Goldman
  43. 52. Democracy (?)
  44. 53. Decision-making by Consensus
  45. 54. The Anarchist Conception of Freedom
  46. 55. 4 Approaches to Anarchism <ul><li>Armed and Violent Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Civil Disobedience </li></ul><ul><li>Propaganda by the Deed </li></ul><ul><li>Transvaluation </li></ul>
  47. 56. 4 Approaches to Anarchism <ul><li>Armed and Violent Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Civil Disobedience </li></ul><ul><li>Propaganda by the Deed </li></ul><ul><li>Transvaluation </li></ul>
  48. 57. 4 Approaches to Anarchism <ul><li>Armed and Violent Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Civil Disobedience </li></ul><ul><li>Propaganda by the Deed </li></ul><ul><li>Transvaluation </li></ul>
  49. 59. 4 Approaches to Anarchism <ul><li>Armed and Violent Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Civil Disobedience </li></ul><ul><li>Propaganda by the Deed </li></ul><ul><li>Transvaluation </li></ul>
  50. 60. Rebellion vs. Revolution
  51. 61. Rebellions MUST be: <ul><li>Voluntary </li></ul><ul><li>Spontaneous </li></ul><ul><li>Total </li></ul><ul><li> nternational </li></ul>
  52. 62. DISOBEY