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Alexander the Great - After Egypt


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An extended slide show that covers Alexander from his entrance into Babylon, Darius' death, the battle of the Persian Gate, the Sacking of Persepolis and the Philotas Conspiracy. (Does not Include Guagmela or Issus due to Assessment topics)

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Alexander the Great - After Egypt

  1. 1. Battles, Conspiracies and Executions
  2. 2. The Battle of Gaugamela You get to discover this for yourself! GOOD LUCK!
  3. 3. Alexander takes Babylon. SOURCES: - Quintus Curtius Rufus - Babylonian Astronomer‟s Eye Witness Account Astronomical Diary Quintus Curtius Rufus
  4. 4. Alexander would have seen Mazaeus‟ cavalry coming through this gate. A marvelous site that obviously affected Alexander.
  5. 5. This city is handed over to Alexander by Mazaeus.
  6. 6.  Mazaeus came to Alexander with his grown up children as a “Suppliant”  Surrendered the city to Alexander.  Alexander is greeted by the city‟s occupants as their new King.  “Bagophanes had carpeted the whole road with flowers and garlands and set up at intervals on both sides silver altars heaped not just with frankincense but with all manner of perfumes. Following him were his gifts - herds of cattle and horses, and lions, too, and leopards, carried along in cages.”  Mazaeus is made Satrap of Babylonia under Alexander.  The first Persian to receive such an important office.  His surrender and humane treatment sets an example for other leaders.  Susa is surrendered to Alexander by Abulites.
  7. 7. Alexander the Great “King of Kings” Ariobarzanes “Satrap of Persia”VS
  8. 8. - Alexander either did not send scouts or they were captured. - Alexander‟s troops saw people who they mistakenly thought were fleeing refugees. - The pass narrows as it goes along. - Ariobarzanes ambushes the lead of Alexander‟s column forcing a retreat. - Alexander‟s dead are left on the battlefield. - Implausible tale resembling Ephilates at battle of Thermopylae.
  9. 9.  Ariobarzanes survives the battle and flees to Persepolis.  He is turned away by the commander of the city who already knew the outcome of the Battle of the Persian Gate and was convinced Alexander was invincible.  Alexander takes Persepolis after defeating a remnant of the Persian Army left from Guagamela.  What do you think Alexander did here?
  10. 10. Alexander burns a number of buildings in the Palace. He also allows his men to loot the city. Revenge for the burning of Athens in 480 BC. When he returned to Persepolis later, Alexander felt bad about the destruction.
  11. 11.  Alexander gives Darius a state funeral with all of the Regal Amenities.  Alexander orders war on Bessus.  Usurper  Regicide  War will take them further into Asia where they know nothing about the land. Why?
  12. 12. Parmenion‟s Son
  13. 13.  Instrumental in nearly every successful battle.  Son of Parmenion  Previously accused of Treachery  Alexander forgave him.  He is accused of plotting to kill Alexander, and of not reporting a previous attempt.  Alexander initially forgives him. 0 1 2 3 4 5 Forgiven Unforgiven Philotas Conspiracies Philotas Conspiracies
  14. 14.  Craterus and Coenus  Phalanx commanders  Renewed accusations against Philotas  Secret Agenda?  Quintus Curtius Rufus says:  “Philotas only said to the king that the bitter hatred of his enemies had triumphed over Alexander‟s kindness.” Evidence!  Letter from father to son.  „first of all take care of yourselves and of your people – that is how we shall accomplish our purpose‟  Torture!!  Philotas confesses to the conspiracy and is killed.  Parmenion is assassinated in Ecbatana (Which he captured)
  15. 15. -1.5 -1 -0.5 0 0.5 1 1.5 Forgiven Unforgiven Egypt Drangiana Day 1 Drangiana Day 2
  16. 16. Prophthasia  Anticipation