Year 10Speech3 creditsTerm 2 report Christine Wells
The task• Imagine that a media presenter is going to interview the characters from The Outsiders.• In groups of up to 4 people, write and present the interview for the class.• Each person in your group must take a role and each person must speak for a total of at least 1 minute to be assessed for their oral presentation skills.• 1 person will be the presenter and the others will be the characters from the novel.
You will be assessed on…Achieved• uses appropriate oral and visual techniques for a specific audience and purpose• voice techniques are used with some variety• language is suitably mature• shows awareness of audience through humour, word choice• presents material clearlyAchieved with Merit• combines appropriate oral and visual techniques for a specific audience and purpose• establishes audience attention and interest with humour• uses voice to support content, such as an accent• uses purposeful gestures• presents material coherentlyAchieved with Excellence• integrates appropriate oral and visual techniques for a specific audience and purpose• establishes audience rapport by using surprise, or a striking movement• uses voice to striking effect with little reliance on notes• integrates gestures with impact• presents material coherently in a striking way
Achieved with Excellence• integrates appropriate oral and visual techniques for a specific audience and purposeThis means that the techniques we have learnt are weaved into your presentation in a natural manner, without being overly obvious. They will relate to the presentation task which is a ‘talk show’ interview.• establishes audience rapport by using surprise, or a striking movementThis means that you will relate to the audience and make them feel included by using a surprising or striking activity to get them involved.• uses voice to striking effect with little reliance on notesThis means that you will know your part of the presentation well and you will sound confident and clear.• integrates gestures with impactThis means that you will use gestures in a way that clearly supports what you are saying.• presents material coherently in a striking wayThis means that your presentation will make sense and you will have the audience ‘in the palm of your hand’.
The presenterThe presenter is the person who is in charge of the interview. This person asks the questions.As a presenter you will need to:• Introduce the programme and characters Gathering• Ask the questions, aim for at least 5 questions per character. You group can help you write the questions.• At the end of your presentation you will need to thank your guests and the audience for watching.
The guests/characters Gathering• Your role is to answer the questions that the presenter asks.• Remember you each need to speak for a total of at least 1 minute so make sure your answers are comprehensive.• You will each work with the presenter to prepare the answers to each question.
Thinking Relating to others Using text, symbols and language Task 1 Managing self Participating 1. Choose your group. 2. Decide which role each person will take. 3. Brainstorm ideas for your interview: • What questions will you ask? • Will you focus on a particular incident in the novel? • Will you ask the characters about theGatheringProcessing kind of person either Johnny or Dally was when they were alive?
Task 2: Complete the following comments: Thinking1. A good speaker doesn’t: Using text, symbols and language Managing self 2. The best techniques for public speaking are: Participating 3. The best public speaker I have ever seen was______________ because: 4. Teachers don’t realise it but public speaking is___________ because: Gathering 5. When I have to speak in front of a large group I feel________________ because: Processing 6. There is no point in learning to speak well in front of others because: 7. Duh! You have to be able to speak well in front of others because:
The Language of Oratory: techniques to include.Rhetorical Question a question asked for effect, but not necessarily needing to be answeredExample: Are we going to put up with curfews and being hassled by the police up town? Who cares? Do you think it is right? I dont. How do you stay healthy on a diet of chips and chocolate?Exaggeration trying to impress or influence by overstating a viewpoint, statement or ideaExample: Millions of students all over the world go home and rush eagerly into their homework in order to secure their future. Gathering
Pronouns to address the audience Basically to address them as a group, but not necessarily to persuade them at this stage.Example: You are here tonight to witness the finals of the speech contest, where your sons and daughters face up to a great challenge.Pronouns to include the audience Speakers want the audience to be on their side and agree with their statements/ideasExample: We came here tonight to choose our town symbol. We dont want a clock - Alexandra has a clock. We dont want a humungus trout as our symbol - Rakaia and Turangi have megatrouts. Let us choose our White Horse - its ours and always will be.
EMOTIVE LANGUAGE Similar in effect to use of pronouns, choice of words packed with emotion can influence an audience for or against your ideas, to be with you or against you.Words With Positive Connotation Warm fuzzy words that help to get the audience on your side.Example: Imagine the perfect scene, not a care in the world, walking down the street hand in hand with your adoring parents....they stop and buy you a $1.50 triple scoop choc dipped ice cream.....Words With Negative Connotation These weasel words have the opposite effects to positively charged emotive words.Example: From a distance you see them appear, dressed in black, hair like knotted liquorice. Their top lips quiver and sneer in unison like Elvis with a toothache. They see you and appear to scowl and grunt at each other and point at you accusingly.
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE Language that creates a picture in the mind of the listener can assist in the interest level of a speech.Metaphor Describing two unrelated things using direct comparison. ...the salesman was a shark.. the whole sorry incident left a sour taste for every one concerned. Politicians should darn the holes in the ragged economy before we all start to feel the cold.Simile Describing two unrelated things or ideas using the linkers "like" or "as"Example: My love is like a red, red rose thats newly sprung in June, My love is like a melody thats sweetly played in tune.Personification Giving human qualities to non human or inanimate thingsExample: The New Zealand Dollar had a quiet week Life dealt him a heavy blow Clouds passed sorrowfully over the graveyard
OTHER ORATORICAL DEVICES There are some other devices which help to make speeches more interesting, vibrant, memorable.Repetition Hammer home a point and make it memorable using repetitionExample: Trust is an important concept in society. If you cant trust friends not to blab your secrets all over school; if you cant trust teachers not to blast you for something that he or she let someone away with yesterday; if parents cant trust you enough to let you borrow the car - how can you survive in the modern world.Listing In order to emphasise important points lists are often usedExample: Instead of: this school rule change affects all students, say this new school rule change affects form 1s ; form 2s; form 3s; form 4s; form 5s; form 6s; and even form 7s. OR instead of saying a superannuation law change affects everyone say: This law change will impact on town people and country people; rich people and poor people, maori, pacific islander, Asian and European; employed and unemployed alike.
Interview contentYour presentation should include the following techniques:• Rhetorical questions• Exaggeration• Personal pronouns eg you, we.• Emotive language• A metaphor, simile or personification• List of three• Repetition• A strong beginning and ending. Capture the audiences’ attention with an effective opening and clear conclusion.
Thinking Relating to othersUsing text, symbols and language Managing self Participating Task 3: Write the interview In your groups, write the questions and answers for your interview. • Your questions should be open ended. • Use what, where, when, why, who and how. • Make sure they are appropriate and focus on the novel. • Remember to include the language techniques. Processing Applying
Delivery Use your voice effectively to convey your message and persuade. Include the following in your presentation. 1. Tone: Here you use voice to stress key points so the audience understand your feelings 2. Volume: the audience must be able to hear you. 3. Pace: do not speak too quickly or too slowly 4. Pause after important points and rhetorical questions so the audience can think and reflect on your message. 5. Gesture: Use your hands to help involve the audience and emphasise points 6. Eye contact is essential to passing any speech. Make a connection with your audience. 7. Stance: Stand still unless your speech needs some movement.
Thinking Using text, symbols andTask 4: Notate your interview language Managing self Participating• Write down the delivery techniques that you will use in the appropriate part of your interview.For example: Voice toneGood morning class! My name is Bob and the person that I have Eye contact researched is Stanley Manthyng. Stanley is an artist, musician and house painter. He is also very entrepreneurial and has run his own businesses such as the Volume Pancake Parlour in Dunedin. Processing
Check list1. Does your speaking part last for at least 1 minute?2. Does it include the required language techniques?3. Is your part notated with delivery techniques?4. Is the language used mature and appropriate?
Thinking Relating to others Using text, symbols and languageTask 5: Practise! Managing self Participating• Once you have written your interview it is time to practise the delivery of it.• Practise in small groups. Applying
Thinking Relating to others Using text, symbols and language Managing selfPresentation Participating• Present your interview to the class.• You may want to dress up in a costume that is appropriate to your character.• Each person will be assessed and the credits (3) will be on your term 2 report. Applying