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Continents and oceans


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Continents and oceans

  1. 1. Geography:Continents and Oceans  
  2. 2. LEARNING GOALS•  We will use the reading strategy determining importance to help find facts about a continent.•  We will be able to name all seven continents and the five oceans.•  We will be able to use the compass rose and the equator to locate information on a map.•  We will learn what a descriptive pattern organizer is and what it is used for.
  3. 3. A map is a drawing or other representation, on a flatsurface, of all or part of the earths surface, showingcontinents, countries, bodies of water, cities, mountains,etc. There are many types of maps.
  4. 4. The main idea for today is, you will to learn thenames of all seven continents and five oceans. And You will also learn how to identify and labelthe continents on a map by using words that give direction. .   Why do we need to know this?We need to know how to do this because it gives us a better understanding of the world.
  5. 5. A Continent is a division of land on the earth. It can also includepieces of land such as islands. The Earths total land mass is about 29.2% of its total surface. The seven continents are in the order of their size:   Asia   Africa   North America   South America   Antarctica   Europe   Australia  
  6. 6. An Ocean is a large body of salt water that covers the earth. Theoceans surround the continents. Water covers approximately 70.8% of   the Earths surface, mostly in the form of oceans.   The five oceans are:    Arctic Ocean Arctic Ocean   Atlantic Pacific Ocean Ocean Pacific Ocean Indian Ocean Southern Ocean
  7. 7. Directions on EarthNorth, south, east and west are the four main directions on Earth. The North Pole is at the top of the Earth. The South Pole is at the bottom of the Earth.Near the North Pole and South Pole the weather is always cold.A compass rose is a symbol on a map that tells you directions, or which way you need togo to get to some place.Dividing the EarthThere is an imaginary line around the Earth called an equator. The equator goesaround the Earth’s center. It divides Earth into two equal halves. Near the equator theweather is hot all year long.The top halfThe top half of Earth is called the Northern Hemisphere. It goes from the equator to theNorth pole.The bottom halfThe bottom half of Earth is called the Southern Hemisphere. It goes from the equator tothe South Pole.* Remember to use the oceans and other descriptive words to help locate facts.
  8. 8. Descrip)ve  Pa-ern  Organizer   North  Descrip)ve  Pa-ern  Organizer   America  
  9. 9. Arctic Ocean Arctic Ocean Atlantic Pacific OceanPacific OceanOcean Equator Indian Ocean Southern Ocean
  10. 10. Descrip)ve  Pa-ern  Organizer   Europe  
  11. 11. CONCLUSION What reading strategy helped you find facts about a continent?What are the names of the continents? What are the names of the oceans?How do we use the compass rose and the equator to help us locate information on a map? Why is it important that we learn to do this? What is a descriptive pattern organizer used for?