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Role of a Counselor

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What is counseling and the role of counselor in helping person in needs.

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Role of a Counselor

  1. 1. Counseling andCounseling and Role of a CounselorRole of a Counselor
  2. 2. COUNSELINGCOUNSELING Problem solving techniques toProblem solving techniques to help people manage their ownhelp people manage their own problems using their ownproblems using their own resources.resources. Simply stated, counseling is anySimply stated, counseling is any relationship in which one personrelationship in which one person is helping another person tois helping another person to better understand and solvebetter understand and solve some problem.some problem.
  3. 3. Counseling is a change (growth:Counseling is a change (growth: healing) process in which peoplehealing) process in which people (individuals, groups, couples, and(individuals, groups, couples, and families) are helped tofamilies) are helped to  express themselves (catharsis) in a safe,express themselves (catharsis) in a safe, supportive, collaborative, non-judgmentalsupportive, collaborative, non-judgmental climate;climate;  identify, sort-out, clarify their problem ladenidentify, sort-out, clarify their problem laden "stories" (deepened awareness of past &"stories" (deepened awareness of past & present story and alternative future stories)present story and alternative future stories)  identify non-helpful patterns (e.g. "crisis"identify non-helpful patterns (e.g. "crisis" pattern);pattern);  learn, where appropriate, more helpfullearn, where appropriate, more helpful coping skills (e.g. "assertive skills")coping skills (e.g. "assertive skills")  identify and achieve goals that areidentify and achieve goals that are important to them.important to them.
  4. 4. There are numerousThere are numerous counseling approaches:counseling approaches:  CognitiveCognitive  BehavioralBehavioral  PsychoanalyticPsychoanalytic  AdlerianAdlerian  Person-Centered (Rogerian)Person-Centered (Rogerian)  Gestalt TherapyGestalt Therapy  SOLUTION-FOCUSED BRIEF THERAPYSOLUTION-FOCUSED BRIEF THERAPY  Eclectic TherapyEclectic Therapy and etc…and etc…
  5. 5. Core PrinciplesCore Principles 1.1. ConfidentialityConfidentiality 2.2. Social SkillsSocial Skills 3.3. Acceptance and Non-Acceptance and Non- judgementaljudgemental 4.4. Genuineness and WarmthGenuineness and Warmth 5.5. Controlled EmotionalControlled Emotional involvementinvolvement 6.6. Maintain professional distanceMaintain professional distance
  6. 6. What are counseling skills?What are counseling skills? The counsellor mustThe counsellor must :: ListenListen –– to allow him to express and thinkto allow him to express and think Not judgeNot judge - Client will Feel safe and respectedClient will Feel safe and respected Pay attentionPay attention Accept the client's feelingsAccept the client's feelings - means YOU CAREmeans YOU CARE Accept the client's feelingsAccept the client's feelings -means he/she is not being judged-means he/she is not being judged
  7. 7. Counsellors should notCounsellors should not  ArgueArgue  Dwell on their own difficultiesDwell on their own difficulties  Solve the problem for the clientSolve the problem for the client  Give adviceGive advice  Belittle the clients' concernBelittle the clients' concern  Avoid touching –any physical contactAvoid touching –any physical contact can be potentially dangerouscan be potentially dangerous  Being judgementalBeing judgemental  Treat client in isolationTreat client in isolation
  8. 8. How to be an effective Counselor?How to be an effective Counselor?  ListeningListening  Being authenticBeing authentic  Prescribing tasks or behaviorsPrescribing tasks or behaviors  Being objectiveBeing objective  Patience and AcceptancePatience and Acceptance  ExperienceExperience  Practice, Practice, PracticePractice, Practice, Practice
  9. 9. Attitude of a Good CounselorAttitude of a Good Counselor toward Clienttoward Client  Worthwhile personWorthwhile person  Unique PersonUnique Person  Dynamic PersonDynamic Person  Responsible PersonResponsible Person
  10. 10. In Intervention, a counselorIn Intervention, a counselor should bear in mind the ff:should bear in mind the ff:  GO SLOWGO SLOW  START SMALLSTART SMALL  BE CREATIVEBE CREATIVE
  11. 11. Tips to Prevent Burn-out forTips to Prevent Burn-out for counselorscounselors  Manage your casesManage your cases  Develop a teamDevelop a team  Time managementTime management  Separate work and personal lifeSeparate work and personal life  Strengthen realtionshipStrengthen realtionship  Develop yourselfDevelop yourself  Be flexibleBe flexible  Meditate and prayMeditate and pray
  12. 12. Struggle a Little - Then Fly!Struggle a Little - Then Fly! By Author UnknownBy Author Unknown A man found a cocoon of a butterfly, that he brought home.A man found a cocoon of a butterfly, that he brought home. One day a small opening appeared he sat and watched theOne day a small opening appeared he sat and watched the butterfly for several hours. It struggled to force its bodybutterfly for several hours. It struggled to force its body through that little hole. Then it seemed to stop making anythrough that little hole. Then it seemed to stop making any progress. It appeared as if it had gotten as far as it couldprogress. It appeared as if it had gotten as far as it could and it could go no farther.and it could go no farther. So the man decided to help the butterfly. He took a pair ofSo the man decided to help the butterfly. He took a pair of scissors and snipped off the remaining bit of the cocoon.scissors and snipped off the remaining bit of the cocoon. The butterfly then emerged easily, but, it had a swollenThe butterfly then emerged easily, but, it had a swollen body and small, shriveled wings. He continued to watchbody and small, shriveled wings. He continued to watch the butterfly, he expected that, at any moment, the wingsthe butterfly, he expected that, at any moment, the wings would enlarge and the body would contract. Neitherwould enlarge and the body would contract. Neither happened! In fact, the butterfly spent the rest of its lifehappened! In fact, the butterfly spent the rest of its life crawling around with a swollen body and shriveled wings.crawling around with a swollen body and shriveled wings. It was never able to fly.It was never able to fly.
  13. 13. LESSONLESSON The man acted with well-intentionedThe man acted with well-intentioned kindness but he didn't understand thekindness but he didn't understand the consequences.consequences. The restricting cocoon and the struggleThe restricting cocoon and the struggle required to get through the tiny opening,required to get through the tiny opening, were nature's way of forcing fluid from thewere nature's way of forcing fluid from the body of the butterfly once it achieved itsbody of the butterfly once it achieved its freedom from the cocoon.freedom from the cocoon. Sometimes struggles are exactly what weSometimes struggles are exactly what we need in our life. If we were to go throughneed in our life. If we were to go through lifelife without any obstacles, it would cripplewithout any obstacles, it would cripple us. We would not be as strong as we couldus. We would not be as strong as we could have been and we could never flyhave been and we could never fly

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