Problem based learning

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Problem-based Learning: PBL is any learning environment in which the problem drives the learning. That is, before students learn some knowledge they are given a problem. The problem is posed so that the students discover that they need to learn some new knowledge before they can solve the problem. Some example problem-based learning environments include:

•research projects

•engineering design projects that are more than a synthesis of previously learned knowledge

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  • Constructivism: Learners create their own learning, active learning and construct knowledge themselves, learners discover the basic principles for themselves
  • Constructivism: Learners create their own learning, active learning and construct knowledge themselves, learners discover the basic principles for themselves
  • Constructivism: Learners create their own learning, active learning and construct knowledge themselves, learners discover the basic principles for themselves
  • Problem based learning

    1. 1. PROBLEM BASED LEARNING (PBL)<br />By: Christine Lim <br />AminaKiluwasha<br />MeysamMoradi<br />
    2. 2. OVERVIEW<br />Problem-based learning begins in the early 1970s at the medical school at McMaster University in Canada.<br />
    3. 3. OVERVIEW<br />It is a constructivistapproach to learning that challenges students to learn through engagement in a real problem<br />
    4. 4. OVERVIEW<br />It is based on student-centered learning, and the teacher becomes a facilitator in the learning process. <br />
    5. 5. What is PBL<br />The learning that results from the process of working towards the understanding of a resolution of a problem<br />    (Barrows, Tamblyn, 1980)<br />
    6. 6. PBL Structure<br />
    7. 7. PBL Structure<br />
    8. 8. How PBL works<br />Step 1: Define the Problem<br />Your task today is to solve…………………<br />Facilitator present problem to student.<br />
    9. 9. How PBL works<br />Step 2: Propose solution to solve the problem<br />Lets discuss about….<br /><ul><li>Clarifythe facts of the case
    10. 10. Define what the problem is.
    11. 11. Brainstorm ideas based on the prior knowledge.
    12. 12. Identifywhat they need to learn to work on the problem
    13. 13. What they do not know learning issues</li></ul>Student discuss problem in a small group<br />
    14. 14. How PBL works<br />Step 3: Gather and Evaluate Information<br />Students will gather information from all sorts of media like from books and websites<br />Then students will need to evaluate the findings.<br />Student engage on independent study<br />
    15. 15. How PBL works<br />Step 4: Synthesize and Form Solutions<br />Student come back to group and share<br />
    16. 16. How PBL works<br />FINAL<br />Student present their solution for the problem.<br />
    17. 17. How PBL works<br />Review<br />Students review what they have learnt and compile final report<br />
    18. 18. Characteristics<br />Problem drives the learning. <br />Using tutorials students define their own learning issues.<br />Learning is student-centered, and the teacher becomes a facilitator in the learning process.<br />Emphasis on the process of students solving a real world problem. <br />
    19. 19. Purpose <br />Developed of high fidelity competency<br />Identification of self-analysis<br />Clear clinical decision-making<br />Problem solve in abnormal circumstances<br />Cultivating an ability <br />Adaptation to work effectively in a team<br />
    20. 20. Negative Assumption<br />
    21. 21. Advantage Assumption<br />
    22. 22. Quiz <br />What type of learning strategy is PBL? <br />Pedagogy <br />Andragogy<br />Heutagogy<br />
    23. 23. THE END<br />

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