- Make use of a representative models or mock – ups of reality
for practical reasons and so that we can make the real
Life accessible to the student’s perceptions
What are varied types of contrived
Specimen and Object
Model–is a reproduction of a real thing in a
small scale or large scale or exact size but made
of synthetic material. it is a substitute for a real
thing which may or may not be operational.
These models are in a small scale of their original thing
and it is made of synthetic materials
Mock – Up - is an arrangement of a real device or
associated devices where the parts of a model are
singled out, heightened and magnified in order to
focus on that part or process under study.
The different parts of the body shown above can be
detached and single out so that the learner can focus
on parts that he/she intend to study.
is any individual or item considered typical of a
group, class or whole.
The picture above shows the specimen
of different creature
a representation of a manageable real event in
which the learner is an active participant
engaged in learning a behavior or in applying
previously acquired skills or knowledge.
example: election or earthquake drills
include artefacts displayed in a museum or
objects displayed in exhibit or preserve insect
specimen in science.
Artifacts is one example of objects
Game – is another example of contrived
experiences. It is an active participation through
rules and regulation.
Games makes the class fully alive and active
PURPOSES OF GAMES
•Develop changes in attitude
•Change specific behavior
•Prepare for participants for assuming new roles in d’
•Help individuals understand their current roles
•Increase the students’ ability to apply principles
1. to overcome limitations of space and time
2. to “edit” reality for us to be able to focus on
parts or a process of a system that we intend
3. to overcome difficulties of size
4. to understand the inaccessible
5. help the learners to understand abstractions
God Bless. .
Caingcoy, Christine D.