Task 1. Analysing a Pattern. “One global pattern of World Heritage Sites is that there are many more Sites in the ‘Old World’ than in the ‘New World’. The New World is the Americas which has a total of 140 WHS’s, whereas the rest of the world has 614 WHS’s. This may be because the Old World eg Europe has been settled by humans for much longer than the New World, so there are more buildings and sites that are old and of ‘outstanding value’ (Resource 2)”.Other ideas to analyse:•MEDC’s have more WHS’s•Europe has about half of WHS’s•Pacific and N.America have very few WHS’s
Task 2. Analysing a ProcessWhen analysing processes it is important that you:•Relate the process to the patterns that it has caused.•Remember that a process is ‘a sequence of related events’. So you should link ideaswith words like ‘to start with…’, ‘this led to ……’, ‘this caused…..’, ‘and then…..’, ‘whichresulted in…..’. i.e there should be a direct link between your answer for Task 1 and your answer for Task 2.
Analysing a Process (cont)ExampleOne process that could have contributed to the global spread of WHS’s iseconomic development: Industrial Revolution Urbanisation People live caused a took place. Wealth More WHS’s in rural → concentration → → → Large cities generated. in MEDC’s areas. of economic built. activity in cities
Analysing a Process - Examplar“The process of economic development is likely to have contributed to thepattern of WHS’s. There are more WHS’s in MEDC’s than in LEDC’s.Before development occurs most of the population lives in rural areas. Butindustrialization causes a focus of economic activity in cities andurbanization takes place. As this process took place across Europe citieswere built with grand buildings and monuments eg. Central Saltzburg inAustria, The Kremlin in Moscow.Industrialisation caused an increase in wealth of these countries, so theywere able to preserve these cultural sites, as well as important naturallandscapes eg Ayers Rock in Australia. MEDC’s value the nominationsystem used by UNESCO, and therefore use the nominating process to putforward their outstanding sites. This has resulted in a concentration ofWHS’s in MEDC’s”.
Task 3 - Significance of WHS’sfor people.The last section is the essay that should break down and analyse how importantWorld Heritage Sites are for people.As ever in Geography , analyse means ‘break down into categories’., so we use thesimilar method that we are used to with Cultural Processes in Rotorua and theGold Coast. By completing this internal we also get some practice thinking aboutthe ‘Effects of Tourism on People and Place’ essay for 3.2.
Significance of WHS’s for people.There are two approaches we can take to the essay, remembering it is about theeffect on people.Some people find it easier to order there thinking around categories, similar towhat we have used already with SPENT or by Group of People. Significance of WHS’s for people Positive Negative Social / cultural Environmental Economic Positive Negative Tourists Locals/Indigenous Business Governments
Significance of WHS’s for people.(cont) Whilst others prefer to focus on groups of people. Either approach is valid so long as you also remember to discuss the positives and negatives. Positive Negative Tourists Local / Indigenous people Other E.g.tourism businesses government
Significance of WHS’s for people – Examplar“World Heritage Sites (WHS) across the globe are significant for people in many ways.They are significant socially/culturally, environmentally and economically. Uluru inAustralia is one example of a WHS that is significant for people.Uluru is very significant environmentally ‘as an example of exceptional natural beauty’(Resource 4). The main natural feature is Uluru / Ayers Rock itself, but there are also avariety of significant ecosystems. These things are significant for people, as they forma unique landscape that is not found elsewhere in the world.The region is also significant socially / culturally, in both positive and negative ways.The area has strong connections with Aboriginal culture and is an area ‘associatedwith living traditions and beliefs of outstanding universally significance’ (Resource 4).The development of a cultural centre has led to improved education of tourists aboutthe local culture and also allows for interaction to take place between tourists andlocal Aboriginals in a positive way. Some negative interaction between Aboriginals andtourists does take place. Despite being encouraged not to, some tourists continue toclimb Uluru. This causes offence and upset to Aborigingals.The economic significance of Uluru to both local people and to the tourist economy ofAustralia is great. And so on……………………………..”
Task 1 Confusing their patterns. ‘there is a pattern of MEDC’s having more tourists because they are mostly Old World…’ Inaccurate. New World countries been around not as long. So they don’t have many things for tourists. USA, Aus and NZ. Explanations have to be plausible. You must give a realistic explanation with each pattern. 2 patterns in depth for Ex. 2 in breadth or 1 in depth for Merit. You can have a temporal pattern BUT must be located. ‘Globally’.
Task 2 NOT historical i.e. it wasn’t about process. Not enough SI. ‘London to Fiji’. No figures from the table. Repeated patterns from task one. NOT GLOBAL. Name 3 different places in different regions. 1 in depth for Merit. Le – Link explicit. GP, SI, Pe.
Task 3 You need 2 factors in depth for Merit. 3 factors in edpth for Ex. (Soc, Eco and a Env). Only 2 case studies? Ach only. Effect on people? NOT linking environmental effects to PEOPLE. Listed effects, or used one to try and explain another. ‘and there is lots of crime and prostitution because there is lots of waste and pollution’. Need a balance of + and -.