Bound, published information. Can vary in size, focus, purpose. Can be aimed at any audience. Often subject to review by magazines, journals. USE OF TERM ACADEMIC/SCHOLARLY interchangeably Types of books include almanacs, textbooks, novels, technical manuals (car repair?), bibliographies, scholarly research 888
Reviewing the parts of the book can help you determine if they will be appropriate for your research needs. You can determine currency, bias, focus etc. Title Page and Copyright Page indicates title, subtitle, author, publisher, edition, and date Acknowledgements gives credit to those who participated in the book’s creation Forward/Preface background on origins of book Introduction, Table of Contents, Index determine thesis, coverage Bibliography, Footnotes, Endnotes notes other works cited, referenced
Check physical description: Indicates number of pages, size
If published through a reputable publisher, has been fact checked, edited for accuracy. Authority derived from author, publisher. Brief biography of author(s) often provided, can assess their authority through this and the reputation of the publisher (academic, major publisher). Table of contents, indexed – easier to get to the information you want. – You don’t have to read an entire book cover to cover to get what you need. NOTE: Format will not (soon) become obsolete.
The information is dated as soon as it is published. This is more of an issue for subjects that current information (for example, medicine, science) as opposed to historical information (history, literature). Not always accessible when you need it. Books can only be used by one at a time. E-Books cost money – mention Google Books.
Periodicals: for our purposes magazines, newspapers, journals Peer reviewed, or refereed journals, are a subset of academic publications, where submitted articles are subject to review and comment by experts within the field of study. Peer review limited to academic periodicals, but not all of them. Exception to authors would be newspaper articles with no byline, popular magazine “blurbs” are assigned to staff writers are not necessarily attributed. So many different formats, can have any type of audience.
Doesn’t indicate number of pages, size Says PERIODICALS in subject headings, indicates frequency, volume, issue, date range
1. Academic publications are typically subject to a more rigorous editorial process. This may slow publication, but improves reliability of information. Scholarly publications will usually provide more information about the author(s) expertise, affiliations don’t have to slog through a lengthy book to get to what you want
1. Newspapers and academic publications, unless your library or a nearby library carries that item for the time you need, aren’t as frequently available in full text from periodical databases 2. Whereas a book can contain many viewpoints, a wider scope on a topic, articles are typically going to be focused and specific
Applicable to books and periodicals. Determining the audience will go a long way to determining if the book is going to meet your research needs. Both POP and SCH can be reliable and useful, depending upon your research needs. Book reviews often indicate who the audience is for the work.
Books will have the same characteristics as periodicals in the POPULAR or SCHOLARLY categories, with a few exceptions. Specifically, look at a book’s appearance, audience, author(s), bibliography and purpose to determine which category it falls into.
Characteristics of Books Reviewed and edited through the publishing process. Author, organization, or editor can be identified. Can be aimed at a general, technical, or academic readership.
Makeup of BooksTitle Page and Copyright PageAcknowledgementsForward/PrefaceIntroduction, Table of Contents, IndexBibliography, Footnotes, Endnotes
Strengths of Books Accuracy fact checked, resources cited Authority background on author provided Organization table of contents, index Scope length allows to examine topic in depth
Weaknesses of BooksCurrency length of time for publication processAvailability items already in use Google Books, e-books
Periodicals DefinedBroadly, periodicals are any publication that is released periodically.Subject to the editorial process, in some cases to peer review.Author(s) are usually clearly identified.Can be aimed at a general, techinical, or academic readership.
Strengths of Periodicals Currency quicker publication process Accuracy editorial process, peer review Authority primarily in scholarly publications Ease of use good summary, easy access to information
Peer ReviewAlso known as refereedThe editorial process in which submissions are reviewed by an editorial board or an outside panel of experts in the field. The article and its author(s) are evaluated for accuracy in its research methodologies and findings.
Weaknesses of PeriodicalsAvailability newspapers, academic publicationsScope size limits breadth of topic covered
Is it Popular, Scholarlyor Trade?Determining a publication’s purpose and audience will help you to decide if it is an appropriate resource for your research.
Popular PeriodicalsPurpose: to inform or entertainAudience: general; no special knowledge of topic necessary
Scholarly PeriodicalsPurpose: to present original research or experimentationAudience: scholars, specialists in field
Trade PeriodicalsPurpose: to examine issues, concerns of an industryAudience: industry employees
ACTIVITY Each table will be provided with popular, scholarly, and trade publications. Determine which publication is Popular, Scholarly, or Trade, and list some characteristics of each. For each publication, look at: abstracts advertising appearance article length audience authors bibliography/citations frequency of publication peer review name of publication
NEWSPAPER, POPULARLOOK AT PERIODICALS SCHOLARLY PERIODICALS TRADE PERIODICALS usually at the beginning, summarizing the articlesabstracts none thesis and findings none frequently none. ones that do contain ads related to ads specific to the trade oradvertising several advertisements subject area industry colorful cover and interior. most colorful cover and interior. most most are stark. illustrations and include photos, include photos, illustrations, charts related to illustrations, sidebars,appearance sidebars, charts research. chartsarticle length short to moderate in length usually long short to moderate in length other scholars and researchers in the field with an assumed understanding general readership, no expertise of the basic tenets of the those who work in the specifiedaudience expected specialty industry often one - may list contributors. often more than one author, staff or freelance writers, often one - may list contributors. staff scholars in the field, with or specialists in theauthor(s) or freelance writers. credentials provided industry. footnotes, bibliographies, sources only referenced, notbibliography, citations sources only referenced, not cited reference lists cited frequent. usually daily, weekly, less frequent. usually monthly frequent. usually weekly,frequency of publication biweekly, or monthly or quarterly biweekly, or monthlypeer review none frequently none often include words journal, contain industry terms, plain language, often include word review, research, bulletin sometimes use newsperiodical title magazine in title in title within title provide original research, experimentation, examine examines issues, concerns ofpurpose to inform and entertain issues of field in depth the trade