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Renaissance fall 2014 synergy

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A presentation investigating a possible growth of synergy (not quite globalization) across the world during the renaissance era, outside of the traditional Euro-centric focus on the era, and a possible source for the "sudden" growth in European intellectualism.
(I apologize for the skinny text! That wasn't the font I chose, so uploading it to slideshare must have changed it in some way. Let me know if you have any trouble.)

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Renaissance fall 2014 synergy

  1. 1. World Renaissance Synergy Did it exist, and, if so, to what degree? Christian Montney PRESENTED BY: Student of History and Political Sciences, Delta College, HIS 240W course section 710, Prof. Laura Dull, circa 2014 Fall Semester. Most rights reserved.
  2. 2. Mission Statement The object here is to more thoroughly establish a definition of the Renaissance as a world phenomenon across mainly the 400 year period from the end of the 14th century to the beginning of the 18th , and then examine to what degree did the Renaissance as a world event work in such a way as to promote a state more synergistic than existed before or during said period, with particular emphasis on exceptional individuals across the world (outside of the well-established Renaissance zone of Western and Northern Europe)and some due emphasis on specific Nation-States.
  3. 3. Today's Topics · TheRenaissancearoundtheWorld · Introductions/ShortBiographies · ByzantineHistorians · TheFarEast · AfricanPoets · ConnectiontoSynergy · Whatdidtheydotobringtheworldclosertogether,ortolookoutsidetheAncientBox.
  4. 4. The World Renaissance
  5. 5. Georgius Gemistus Pletho (1353-1452) · “Thefactsregardingpleasureandthechiefendofmanhavebeenmuchbettersystematizedbyus, withGod'shelp,thanbyAristotle,andwehavegivenanadequatedemonstrationofthem. Inthis wefollowedPlatoinpartbuthaveelaboratedthemfurtherthanhedid” · GeorgiusGemistusPletheonwasaByzantinehumanistandphilosopher. HetaughtandheldhighofficeformanyyearsatMistra,capitolofMorea. Joining thetrainofthePatriarchonatriptothefractalsoftheWesternEmpire,heendedupinfluencingCosimodeMedici,Columbus,andmuchoftheEuropean RenaissanceasaresultofhisteachingswhileinFlorenceaswellashiswritings.
  6. 6. Michael Critobalus (1400-a.1467) · MichaelCritobaluswasanotherByzantineHistorian,howeverhehadtheaddedbonusofbeinginthenoble familyofImbros.AfterthefallofConstantinople/Byzantium,thegriev-struckhistorianstilloptedtogoto theconqueredcityjustdaysafterMehmedIItookit,andofferedhisservicestothenewruler. Michaelis consideredtobeoneofthegreatestsourcesonthefalloftheByzantineEmpire,andtohavebeenlevel- headedinhishistoriesofMehmed'sreign
  7. 7. Laonicus Chalcocondyles (1423- 1490) · LaonicusChalcocondyleswasanotherByzantinehistorian,borninAthens,andcousinofthe apparentlymuchmorepopularDemetriusChalcocondyles
  8. 8. Sulkhan-Saba Orbeliani (1658-1725) · Sulkhan-SabaOrbelianiwasaGeorgianfabulistandlexicographer,translator,diplomat,andscientist. He belongedtotheprincelyfamilyofKartli.
  9. 9. Kabir (1398-1448/1518) · “Admirethediamondthatcanbearthehitsofahammer.Manydeceptivepreachers,whencriticallyexamined,turnouttobe false./Don'topenyourdiamondsinavegetablemarket.Tietheminbundleandkeeptheminyourheart,andgoyourownway./A diamondwaslayinginthestreetcoveredwithdirt.Manyfoolspassedby.Someonewhoknewdiamondspickeditup.” · KabirwasanIndianPoetandsectarianHindureformerwhowasbornatBanarasandprobablyraisedby Muslimfoster-parents.Hehasbeengreatlyidolizedandmuchmysticismsurroundshislifeandespeciallyhis death.
  10. 10. Nguyen Trai (1380-1442) “Sincethewarbeganinoursacredcountry,Thepeoplehavecriedoutgroaning;theydon’tknowhowtoreact!I’mlikeTuMy,whose painedheartwasloyaltotheTangDynasty.BaNhanshedtwowaterfallsoftearsforhisChenDynasty.Somanythingshavechanged,I growoldquickly.Whenautumncomestothisstrangeland,Ifeelpassionate,Havingspentthirtyyearsoffalseprideforwhat?Looking back,Iseethateverything’sadrunkenNamKhastory.” · NguyenTraiwas“aVietnamesestatesman,scholar,andpoet.” InadditiontowritingthefirstVietnamese geographybook,hewasalsoprofoundlyinvolvedintheVietnameserebellionagainsttheChineseMingDynasty
  11. 11. Tulsi Das (1532-1623) · TulsidaswasanIndianpoet,aBrahman,andwasprobablybornin Rajapur,UttarPradesh. HelivedmostofhisadultlifeinBanaras asadevoteeoftheVaisnavaavatarRam.Today,acloudof mysticismsurroundshislife.
  12. 12. Shaikh Nuruddin Ar-Ranir (fl. 1621-1644) · ShaikhNuruddinAr-RanirwasaSumatran,aMalaytheologian,andaMuslimHistorian. BorninGujerat,hewent toMeccain1621.
  13. 13. Nawa'i, better known as Mir ' Ali Shir (1441-1501) · Nawa'iwastheTurkishpoeticalpen-nameofMir'AliShir,amanwhoapparentlylikedpen-names,ashehadat leastoneothersuchmajoridentity. HeiscreditedasthegreatestpoetofclassicalEasternTurkish literature.
  14. 14. Hamzah Fansuri (Hamzah of Barus; fl. 1550-1600) · HamzahFansuriwasaMalaySufipoetandwriter,probablybornatAyuthayainThailandalthoughhisfamily hailedfromBarusinNorthSumatra(wherehewouldlaterlive)
  15. 15. Raage Ugaas (18th Century) · RaageUgaaswasaSomalioralpoetoftheOgadenclan,withastrongorthodoxMuslimbackground. Today,his worksarestilledlearnedorally,andcanbefoundinmanyahomeinSomalia.
  16. 16. Saiyit Abdullah bin Ali bin Nasir (1720-1810) · SaiyitAbdullahbinAlibinNasirofLamuwasaSwahilipoetofthelineofShaikeAbuBakrbinSalim,likeat least4otherSwahilipoets.
  17. 17. How much Synergy?
  18. 18. Arguing points · Pro-SynergisticRenaissanceWorld · ByzantineHistorians'InfluenceonWesternEurope · StrongMuslimFiguresPrevalentinAfricaandtheFarEast · Con-SynergisticRenaissanceWorld · SeverelackofRenaissanceeraAfricanscholars,poets,etc. · VietnameseSpurningofChina
  19. 19. Arguing points (cont...) · RiseandFallofNations · Trade · DiplomaticMissions · Debate
  20. 20. Summary · Thoughitisnotcomparabletothesynergyweseetoday,thehistoriesdosuggestthattheworldwasatleast movingalongalineofconnectedness,whetherornotanyoneknewit.Byzantinescholarsscatteredacrossthe worldafterthefalloftheEmpire,andmorescholarlyindividualsbegintoshowup,suchasinAfrica,where theywerealmostnon-existentbefore. Theworldisinexorablybecomingmoreself-cognizantalbeitata slowerratethanithasinmorerecentyears. · Questioneverything.
  21. 21. Works Cited · "Ali-ShirNava'i."Wikipedia.WikimediaFoundation,12Mar.2014.Web.20Nov.2014.<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ali-Shir_Nava%27i>. · "DemetriosChalkokondyles."Wikipedia.WikimediaFoundation,12Mar.2014.Web.03Dec.2014.<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demetrios_Chalkokondyles>. · "GemistusPletho."Wikipedia.WikimediaFoundation,12Feb.2014.Web.20Nov.2014. · "GeorgiusGemistusPlethon".CatholicEncyclopedia.NewYork:RobertAppletonCompany.1913. · "GreatZimbabwe."Wikipedia.WikimediaFoundation,12Feb.2014.Web.02Dec.2014. · "Kabir."Kabir.N.p.,n.d.Web.23Nov.2014.<http://www.cs.colostate.edu/~malaiya/kabir.html>. · Lang,D.M.,andD.R.Dudley.ThePenguinCompaniontoClassical,OrientalandAfricanLiterature.NewYork:MacGraw-HillBook,1969.Print. · "LaonikosChalkokondyles."Wikipedia.WikimediaFoundation,30Nov.2014.Web.03Dec.2014.<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laonikos_Chalkokondyles>. · "MichaelCritobulus(TurkishHistorian)."EncyclopediaBritannicaOnline.EncyclopediaBritannica,n.d.Web.23Nov.2014.<http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/143504/Michael-Critobulus>. · "Nguy nTrãi."Wikipedia.WikimediaFoundation,12Feb.2014.Web.23Nov.2014.ễ · Perez,CraigSantos."CounterpathPress:AReviewofThreeBooks."ZolandPoetry.N.p.,n.d.Web.23Nov.2014. · "SongsofKabir."SongsofKabir.N.p.,n.d.Web.24Nov.2014. · "Sulkhan-SabaOrbeliani."Wikipedia.WikimediaFoundation,30Nov.2014.Web.2Dec.2014.<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sulkhan-Saba_Orbeliani>. · Taylor,JohnWilson.GemistusPlethoasaMoralPhilosopher.N.p.:n.p.,n.d.JSTOR.Web.03Dec.2014.<http://www.jstor.org/stable/282873>. · "Tulsidas."Tulsidas.N.p.,n.d.Web.26Nov.2014.<http://www.columbia.edu/itc/mealac/pritchett/00routesdata/bce_299_200/ramayana/tulsidas/tulsidas.html>. · Turner,William."CatholicEncyclopedia(1913)/GeorgiusGemistusPlethon."-Wikisource,theFreeOnlineLibrary.N.p.,21Apr.2013.Web.22Nov.2014.
  22. 22. Questions? christianm8295@gmail.com CONTACT: Licensestatementgoeshere.CreativeCommonslicensesaregood.

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