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Reinforcement is one
of the most powerful
ways teachers can
encourage good
behavior.
Research has repeatedly
shown that positive
reinforcement is much more
effective than negative
reinforcement or punishment
Positive reinforcement tends
to increase the occurrence
of a desirable behavior,
enhances the child’s selfconcept, and giv...
Patience, persistence,
and consistency are
the keys in making
positive
reinforcement work
for you.
1. Social Reinforcers-

smiles and verbal praise
are best and most
frequently used ways to
reinforce children.
2. Activity Reinforcers- these
include special privileges,
such as choosing the story ,
carrying the ball outside,
sitting...
3. Primary Reinforcersstickers, stars, balloons,
chips( tokens that can be
exchanged for a prize)
peanuts, dry cereal, or
...
• Start the day off right
• Use praise sparingly and
specifically
• Use verbal positive
reinforcement loudly and
openly
• Use visual aids
• Be immediate with your
positive reinforcement.
• Catch the good, not the
bad
•Try not to reward
students with
sweets or too
much "stuff".
•Make sure you
aren't constantly
praising the same
students
• Whenever a child exhibits
a behavior, there are
either positive or
negative consequences
that result
•Positive
reinforcement doesn’t
just affect children’s
behavior. It also
affects adults
• giving a high five
• offering praise
• giving a hug or pat on
the back
• giving a thumbs-up
• clapping and cheering
• telling another adult
how proud you are of
your child’s behavior
while your...
•using manners
•playing quietly
•waiting patiently
• playing nicely with a
sibling
• complying with a request
right away
• putting in a lot of effort on
a difficult task
• c...
• The more often and the
more consistently you
can reinforce good
behavior, the more likely
your child will repeat
these b...
• Provide children with
some surprise positive
reinforcement from
time to time and it will
still likely be effective.
Avoid Accidental
Positive
Reinforcement
How To Use Positive Reinforcement
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How To Use Positive Reinforcement

  1. 1. Reinforcement is one of the most powerful ways teachers can encourage good behavior.
  2. 2. Research has repeatedly shown that positive reinforcement is much more effective than negative reinforcement or punishment
  3. 3. Positive reinforcement tends to increase the occurrence of a desirable behavior, enhances the child’s selfconcept, and gives the child a feeling of independence and accomplishment.
  4. 4. Patience, persistence, and consistency are the keys in making positive reinforcement work for you.
  5. 5. 1. Social Reinforcers- smiles and verbal praise are best and most frequently used ways to reinforce children.
  6. 6. 2. Activity Reinforcers- these include special privileges, such as choosing the story , carrying the ball outside, sitting next to the teacher at lunch, or another favorite activity
  7. 7. 3. Primary Reinforcersstickers, stars, balloons, chips( tokens that can be exchanged for a prize) peanuts, dry cereal, or paper badges may also be used as rewards.
  8. 8. • Start the day off right • Use praise sparingly and specifically • Use verbal positive reinforcement loudly and openly
  9. 9. • Use visual aids • Be immediate with your positive reinforcement. • Catch the good, not the bad
  10. 10. •Try not to reward students with sweets or too much "stuff".
  11. 11. •Make sure you aren't constantly praising the same students
  12. 12. • Whenever a child exhibits a behavior, there are either positive or negative consequences that result
  13. 13. •Positive reinforcement doesn’t just affect children’s behavior. It also affects adults
  14. 14. • giving a high five • offering praise • giving a hug or pat on the back
  15. 15. • giving a thumbs-up • clapping and cheering • telling another adult how proud you are of your child’s behavior while your child is listening
  16. 16. •using manners •playing quietly •waiting patiently
  17. 17. • playing nicely with a sibling • complying with a request right away • putting in a lot of effort on a difficult task • completing chores
  18. 18. • The more often and the more consistently you can reinforce good behavior, the more likely your child will repeat these behaviors
  19. 19. • Provide children with some surprise positive reinforcement from time to time and it will still likely be effective.
  20. 20. Avoid Accidental Positive Reinforcement
  • nkdhaked

    Nov. 22, 2016

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