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PCR IN MOLECULAR
DIAGNOSIS
MOLECULAR DIAGNOSIS
SINGLE-STRAND CONFORMATION POLYMORPHISM (SSCP)
ANALYSIS
This protocol describes the use of the chemical cleavage of
mismatch (CCM) method to assess whether a region of DNA
contains mutations and to localize them. Compared with
other mutation-detection techniques (such as single strand-
conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis, denaturing high-
performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC) and denaturing
gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE)) that detect mutations
in short DNA fragments and require highly specific melting
temperatures, CCM has a higher diagnostic sensitivity suited
to the detection of mutations in tumor genes, and can
analyze amplicons ≤2 kb in length. To detect mutations, PCR
heteroduplexes are incubated with two mismatch-specific
reagents. Hydroxylamine modifies unpaired cytosine and
potassium permanganate modifies unpaired thymine. The
samples are then incubated with piperidine, which cleaves
the DNA backbone at the site of the modified mismatched
base. Cleavage products are separated by electrophoresis,
revealing the identity and location of the mutation. The CCM
method can efficiently detect point mutations as well as
insertions and deletions.
MISMATCH CHEMICAL CLEVAGE
Pcr molecular diagnosis
Pcr molecular diagnosis
Pcr molecular diagnosis
Pcr molecular diagnosis

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Pcr molecular diagnosis

  • 3.
  • 5.
  • 6.
  • 7.
  • 8.
  • 9. This protocol describes the use of the chemical cleavage of mismatch (CCM) method to assess whether a region of DNA contains mutations and to localize them. Compared with other mutation-detection techniques (such as single strand- conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis, denaturing high- performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC) and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE)) that detect mutations in short DNA fragments and require highly specific melting temperatures, CCM has a higher diagnostic sensitivity suited to the detection of mutations in tumor genes, and can analyze amplicons ≤2 kb in length. To detect mutations, PCR heteroduplexes are incubated with two mismatch-specific reagents. Hydroxylamine modifies unpaired cytosine and potassium permanganate modifies unpaired thymine. The samples are then incubated with piperidine, which cleaves the DNA backbone at the site of the modified mismatched base. Cleavage products are separated by electrophoresis, revealing the identity and location of the mutation. The CCM method can efficiently detect point mutations as well as insertions and deletions. MISMATCH CHEMICAL CLEVAGE