Photography tips 2013

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Photography presentation from J31 class at Drake University, updated Fall 2013.

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Photography tips 2013

  1. 1. Taking great photos JMC 31 | Chris Snider
  2. 2. 5 tools all great photographers use •Light •Composition •Portraiture •Action •Moment
  3. 3. Light • Light has four properties: direction, intensity, softness/hardness and color temperature. • Direction: Think about how light works in nature. Light from above is natural (the sun is above us). Light from below isn’t natural and therefore can create images with a “scary” feel. Side light adds depth. Front light can make image flat. • Intensity: Is there enough light for the photo to turn out? Is the intensity of the main source creating the mood/effect we want? • Softness/hardness: Soft light is diffused and creates smooth shadows, hard light is harsh and will cause hard shadows. Soft light is most flattering on photos of people.
  4. 4. Light • Color of light is controlled by the source: daylight, incandescent and fluorescent are the three main sources (flash is basically the color of the sun). • Fluorescent lighting casts a greenish color. • Tungsten bulbs make things appear more orange. • Candles turn colors red. • The setting sun produces reddish hues. Overcast days tend to be blue. • Your camera has “auto white balance” and likely other settings for this.
  5. 5. Using Light • A successful photographer can discern between front light and back light. • Shoot in the first and last two hours of daylight because of the direction and warmth of the sunlight. • Cloudy days allow you to shoot during all daylight hours, because the clouds diffuse the light.
  6. 6. Front light Back light Source: thepioneerwoman.com
  7. 7. Back light Mark J. Terrill / AP
  8. 8. Side light Creates depth and texture in your photo Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/joeireed/3782715251/
  9. 9. Light from below Adds an unnatural feel to your photos.
  10. 10. Golden hour Source: photographycorner.com First and last 2 hours of daylight.
  11. 11. Golden hour
  12. 12. Intensity of light
  13. 13. Composition • Capturing the attention of the viewer and the movement of the eye through the photograph. • Rule of thirds • Leading lines • Juxtaposition • Framing • Emphasizing the foreground or background by changing camera angles
  14. 14. Rule of thirds Aligning a subject with these points creates more tension, energy and interest in the composition than simply centering the subject would. LeggNet on Flickr
  15. 15. Rule of thirds Framing
  16. 16. Breaking rule of thirds Walter Bieri / EPA
  17. 17. Leading lines Leading lines are lines within an image that leads the eye to another point in the image, or occasionally, out of the image.
  18. 18. Leading lines
  19. 19. Leading lines
  20. 20. Juxtaposition
  21. 21. Juxtaposition Gabriel Bouys / AFP - Getty Images
  22. 22. Juxtaposition http://www.poyi.org/68/17/
  23. 23. Framing
  24. 24. Framing
  25. 25. Framing http://www.poyi.org/68/17/
  26. 26. Camera angle
  27. 27. Camera angle
  28. 28. Camera angle
  29. 29. Camera angle Erika Schultz / Seattle Times
  30. 30. Portraiture • Three types of portraits • Formal • Informal • Environmental
  31. 31. Formal
  32. 32. Informal emily ann on Flickr
  33. 33. Environmental
  34. 34. Action • Three ways to deal with action • Stop action • Pan shot (moving the camera with the subject so the background blurs) • Blur shot (camera stays still, subject blurs against background)
  35. 35. Stop action
  36. 36. Stop action
  37. 37. Pan shot
  38. 38. Pan shot
  39. 39. Blur shot
  40. 40. Blur shot
  41. 41. Moment • You must do two things to be a successful photographer... • Truthfully and accurately portray a subject, scene or event. • Evoke an emotional response in the viewer. • We accomplish this by capturing moments, those life-telling gestures and juxtapositions, the action and reaction of subjects, scenes and defining moments of events.
  42. 42. End

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