Three ways to control light
Aperture: how much light gets in
Shutter speed: how long light is let in
ISO: sensitivity of image device
F-stop is the measurement of the opening
F1 is very wide opening letting in lots of light
F32 is a small opening letting in little light
Your camera likely has F2.8-F8
A full F-stop change either doubles or halves the amount of
light coming into the camera
Involved in depth of ﬁeld, which we will cover shortly
Determines how long light comes in
1/15th of a second would be a long exposure letting
lots of light into the camera
1/2000 would be a short exposure, letting in very little light
Slow shutter speeds allow blurring of the subject
Fast shutter speeds stop the action
The sensitivity of light of a photosensitive surface
Film is measured in ISO, and better digital cameras have
Low ISO indicates low sensitivity to light, but generally
higher resolution with less “noise” or “grain”
A 100 ISO setting is twice as sensitive to light as a 50 ISO
DOF: Distance from camera
The closer the subject, the less depth of ﬁeld
The farther away, the more depth of ﬁeld
The greater the focal length (zoomed or telephoto),
the less the depth of ﬁeld
Therefore, for the greatest depth of ﬁeld you would need a
wide angle lens, with a closed aperture, and a subject at a
5 tools all great photographers use
• Light has four properties: quantity, quality, direction and color.
• A successful photographer can discern between front light and back light.
• Shoot in the ﬁrst and last two hours of daylight because of the direction and
warmth of the sunlight.
• Cloudy days allow you to shoot during all daylight hours, because the clouds
diffuse the light.
• Color of light is controlled by the source: daylight, incandescent and
ﬂuorescent are the three main sources (ﬂash is basically the color of the sun).
• Capturing the attention of the viewer and the movement of the eye through
• Rule of thirds
• Leading lines
• Emphasizing the foreground or background by changing camera angles
• You must do two things to be a successful photographer...
• Truthfully and accurately portray a subject, scene or event.
• Evoke an emotional response in the viewer.
• We accomplish this by capturing moments, those life-telling gestures and
juxtapositions, the action and reaction of subjects, scenes and deﬁning
moments of events.
• resolution for print, web, tv
• how to convert to BW
• Burn and dodge - deﬁne
• Patch tool - what it does
• what questions would you ask yourself
before running a questionable photo
To use or not to use
• Virginian-Pilot photo usage rules...
• When in doubt, use common sense. Know privacy rules
and laws. Shooting the photo usually is not the
problem. Publishing the photo may be. Using sound
judgment, the photographer should almost always
shoot the picture. The editing process will determine
whether the photo will be used. The photo editor, page
editor and news editor will also help determine
publication. Some photos should be approved by a
deputy managing editor, managing editor or the editor.
Some Red Flags
• Nudity or sexual content
• Exaggerated grief
• Blood or other body ﬂuids
• Photo is too good to be true (it may be set up)
• Vulgar words or gestures (these may be hidden in a photo)
• Cheap shot (zipper open, food on the face)
• Unﬂattering expression not related to the event or situation
• People performing dangerous acts
• Racial stereotypes
• Photos that may otherwise shock or appall readers
To use or not to use
• Virginian-Pilot cont’d...
• GUIDING QUESTIONS
• Is the photo appropriate to the story?
• Is the news value worth upsetting the reader?
• Is the photo from this community or from far away?
• What are the paper’s general standards of taste?
• Do you need to pass the photo through the top editor?
• Does it pass the “breakfast table” test?
• elements of good hierarchy and good
• the design process
• alternative ways to tell stories
• Dominant image
• Dominant headline
• Things get smaller as you go down the page
to draw your eye through the page