Kola Nut, Palm Wine And Alligator Pepper


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Kola Nut, Palm Wine And Alligator Pepper

  1. 1. <ul><li>Kola Nut </li></ul><ul><li>Kola nut has a bitter flavor and caffeine and is chewed in many West African cultures, individually or in a group setting. It is often used ceremonially, presented to tribal chiefs or presented to guests. </li></ul><ul><li>Chewing kola nut can ease hunger pangs. Frequent chewing can also lead to stained teeth. </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>Kola was originally used to make cola soft drinks, though today most of these mass-produced beverages use artificial flavorings. </li></ul><ul><li>Kola is also grown in Indonesia, Brazil, Jamaica and elsewhere in the tropics as a food item. </li></ul>
  3. 7. <ul><li>http://www.africanevents.com/AnusionwuThanksgivingParty05.htm </li></ul>
  4. 8. Palm Wine! <ul><li>Palm wine, also called palm toddy or simply toddy, is an alcoholic beverage created from the sap of various species of palm tree. </li></ul><ul><li>The drink is common in parts of Africa and South India. </li></ul>
  5. 10. <ul><li>The sap is collected by a tapper. Typically the sap is collected from the cut flower of the tree. A container, often a gourd or bottle is fastened to the flower stump to collect the sap. </li></ul><ul><li>The initial white liquid that is collected tends to be very sweet and is not alcoholic. </li></ul><ul><li>In some areas, the entire palm tree is felled and the crown exposed to collect the sap. When this method is used, a fire is lit at the root end of the tree to quicken collection of sap. </li></ul>
  6. 11. <ul><li>Palm sap begins fermenting immediately after collection due to natural yeasts in the air (this is often spurred by residual yeast left in the collecting container). </li></ul><ul><li>Within two hours , fermentation yields an aromatic wine of up to 4% alcohol content, mildly intoxicating and sweet. </li></ul><ul><li>The wine may be allowed to ferment longer, up to a day, to yield a stronger, more sour and acidic taste, which some people prefer. Longer fermentation produces vinegar instead of stronger wine. </li></ul>
  7. 12. <ul><li>In Africa, the sap used to create palm wine is most often taken from wild date palms such as the Silver date palm, the palmyra (at right), and the Jaggery palm. </li></ul>
  8. 14. <ul><li>Alligator Pepper </li></ul><ul><li>A tropical perennial growing up to 5' tall. The seeds are almost oval in shape, hard, shiny, and reddish-brown in color. </li></ul>
  9. 15. Alligator Pepper! <ul><li>Originally from West Africa; brought over to U.S. by the slaves. </li></ul><ul><li>The numerous seeds are in grayish - brown capsules. </li></ul><ul><li>The important part of this plant is the seed; the small reddish - brown seeds have a pungent aroma with a pepper - like heat. </li></ul><ul><li>This spice is has many flavors likened to hazelnut, butter and citrus. </li></ul>
  10. 16. <ul><li>The kola nut, like the coffee berry and tea leaf, appears to have ancient origins. It is chewed in many West African cultures, individually or in a social setting, to restore vitality and ease hunger pangs. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1911, kola became the focus of one of the earliest documented health scares when the US government seized 40 barrels and 20 kegs of Coca-Cola syrup in Chattanooga, Tennessee, alleging that the caffeine in its drink was &quot;injurious to health&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>On March 13, 1911, the government initiated The United States vs. Forty Barrels and Twenty Kegs of Coca-Cola, hoping to force Coca-Cola to remove caffeine from its formula by making exaggerated claims, such as that the excessive use of Coca-Cola at one girls' school led to &quot;wild nocturnal freaks, violations of college rules and female proprieties, and even immoralities.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Although the judge ruled in favor of Coca-Cola, two bills were introduced to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1912 to amend the Pure Food and Drug Act, adding caffeine to the list of &quot;habit-forming&quot; and &quot;deleterious&quot; substances which must be listed on a product's label. </li></ul>