WHAT IS EDITING?
Video editing is the process of manipulating and rearranging video shots to
create a new work. Editing is usually considered to be one part of the post
production process — other post-production tasks include titling, colour
correction, sound mixing, etc.
Editing can mean any of the following:
• Rearranging, adding and/or removing sections of video clips and/or audio
• Applying colour correction, filters and other enhancements.
• Creating transitions between clips.
TRANSITION OF IMAGE AND
A transition of sound is generally used to maintain the flow of the film into the
next scene. This is usually done by removing all sound from a
scene, perhaps inserting background music, and then fading in the sound
from the next scene as it appears.
An image transition is important in good production. It is the moving from one
scene to another. There are many different ways of carrying this out, perhaps
fading a scene to black and then having the next scene fade from black.
Although there are many different ways to do this and often more complex
transitions are needed at dramatic moments in the film.
A system of cutting used to maintain continuous and clear narrative action by
following a set of rules.
• Establishing shot
• Shot/reverse shot
• 30* and 180* rule
• Cross cutting
• Match on action
• Eyeline match
• Re-establishing shot
• The narrative has structure.
• The shot sequences flow seamlessly into
• It’s easy to watch the film.
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Continuity is broken and construction is more apparent. Meaning often
created through juxtaposition and metaphor shot inserts.
Montage editing: does not serve narrative, as does continuity. Films are
"editing constructions“, exploits discontinuities between shots, such as jump
Shot reverse shot is a film technique where one character is shown looking
at another character (usually off-screen), and then the other character is
shown looking back at the first character. Since the characters are shown
facing in opposite directions, the viewer assumes that they are looking at
An eyeline match is a film editing technique associated with the continuity
editing system. It is based on the premise that the audience will want to see
what the character on-screen is seeing. The eyeline match begins with a
character looking at something off-screen, followed by a cut to the object or
person at which he is looking. For example, a man is looking off-screen to
his left, and then the film cuts to a television that he is watching.
GRAPHIC / ACTION MATCH
A graphic match is a cut in film editing between either two different
objects, two different spaces, or two different compositions in which an object
in the two shots graphically match, often helping to establish a strong
continuity of action and linking the two shot.
A jump cut is a cut in film editing in which two sequential shots of the same
subject are taken from camera positions that vary only slightly. This type of
edit gives the effect of jumping forwards in time. It is a manipulation of
temporal space using the duration of a single shot, and fracturing the
duration to move the audience ahead.
Cross-cutting is an editing technique most often used in films to establish
action occurring at the same time in two different locations. In a cross-
cut, the camera will cut away from one action to another action, which can
suggest the simultaneity of these two actions but this is not always the case.
A cutaway shot is the interruption of a continuously filmed action by inserting
a view of something else. It is usually, although not always, followed by a cut
back to the first shot, when the cutaway avoids a jump cut.
An insert is a shot of part of a scene as filmed from a different angle and/or
focal length from the master shot. Inserts cover action already covered in the
master shot, but emphasize a different aspect of that action due to the
DISSOLVE, FADE-IN, FADE-
ELLIPSIS, EXPANSION OF
A dissolve is a gradual transition from one image to another. The terms fade-
out and fade-in are used to describe a transition to and from a blank image.
FADE-IN AND FADE-OUT
The terms fade-out and fade-in are used to describe a transition to and from
a blank image.
A wipe is a type of film transition where one shot replaces another by
travelling from one side of the frame to another or with a special shape.
Two distinct images appearing simultaneously with one superimposed upon
A long take is an uninterrupted shot in a film which lasts much longer than
the conventional editing pace either of the film itself or of films in
general, usually lasting several minutes. It can be used for dramatic and
narrative effect, and in moving shots is often accomplished through the use
of a dolly or Steadicam. Long takes of a sequence filmed in one shot without
any editing are rare in films.
Slow motion is an effect in film-making whereby time appears to be slowed
down, in contrast to fast motion where time is sped up.
Refers to periods of time that have been left out of the narrative. The ellipsis
is marked by an editing transitions which, while it leaves out a section of the
action, none the less signifies that something has been elided.
EXPANSION OF TIME
When you expand time in a video, you are making the duration of the video
sequence longer than real-time.
Visual effects (VFX) are the various processes by which imagery is created
and/or manipulated outside the context of a live action shot. Visual effects
using computer generated imagery has recently become accessible to the
independent filmmaker with the introduction of affordable and user friendly
animation and compositing software.