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chris mukuwa buddahism


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chris mukuwa buddahism

  1. 1. E. Napp Buddhism In this lesson, students will be able to identify significant beliefs of the Buddhist religion. Students will be able to identify and/or define the following terms: The Four Noble Truths The Noble Eightfold Path Nirvana
  2. 2. E. Napp Around 563 B.C., a prince named Siddhartha Gautama was born in India.
  3. 3. E. Napp Siddhartha Gautama • Siddhartha was an Indian prince. • He lived in a luxurious household. However, he longed to see the world beyond the palace. • Upon leaving the palace, he saw a sick man, an old man, and a corpse.
  4. 4. E. Napp Upon leaving the palace, Siddhartha discovered the existence of suffering. He discovered that we are born only to age and die.
  5. 5. E. Napp Siddhartha’s Decision • Upon learning of the existence of suffering, Siddhartha decided to leave the palace and find the cause and cessation of suffering. • Siddhartha lived among the Hindu ascetics and endured many hardships. • However, he did not discover the cause or cessation of suffering among the Hindus.
  6. 6. E. Napp After leaving the Hindu ascetics, Siddhartha sat under the Bodhi tree and meditated until he became enlightened.
  7. 7. E. Napp When Siddhartha achieved enlightenment, he became the Buddha or the Enlightened One.
  8. 8. E. Napp The Four Noble Truths • Siddhartha’s answer to the cause and cessation of suffering can be found in his Four Noble Truths. The Four Noble Truths Life is suffering. Desire and attachment cause suffering. Suffering can end. Follow the Noble Eightfold Path
  9. 9. E. Napp Life is suffering but suffering can end.
  10. 10. E. Napp The Noble Eightfold Path • The Buddha encouraged his followers to follow the middle path or to avoid extremes such as eating too much or eating too little. • The Noble Eightfold Path are eight actions designed to help followers achieve enlightenment. They are right view, right intention, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, right concentration.
  11. 11. E. Napp
  12. 12. E. Napp Nirvana • Nirvana is the end of suffering. • By achieving nirvana, a person escapes samsara or the cycle of reincarnation. • Siddhartha achieved nirvana when he became enlightened.
  13. 13. E. Napp Nirvana is the end of suffering.
  14. 14. E. Napp Questions for Reflection: • Who was Siddhartha Gautama? • Why did Siddhartha leave his palace? • Explain the Four Noble Truths and the Noble Eightfold Path. • What is samsara? • Define nirvana. • How does Buddhism differ from Hinduism?