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How to Do a Science Fair Project 2011-2012


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Step by step slide show explaining how to do an elementary school science fair project.

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How to Do a Science Fair Project 2011-2012

  1. 1. So You Want To Do A Science Fair Project? 2011-2012 John Adams Elementary Individual or group projects (No more than 3) Individual, group or class projects K-5
  2. 2. Scientific Method <ul><li>Question – stating a problem </li></ul><ul><li>Research – find out all you can that relates to the problem </li></ul><ul><li>Hypothesis – after research , make an educated guess about what the answer to the problem will be </li></ul><ul><li>Materials – complete list of what needed for the investigation </li></ul>
  3. 3. Scientific Method, cont. <ul><li>Procedure – a step-by-step description of how to do the investigation </li></ul><ul><li>Investigation – do the tests to find out if your hypothesis is correct, record data, take pictures, write in your journal, keep a timeline, measure anything needed </li></ul><ul><li>Data – organize the observations into graphs, charts and/or tables </li></ul>
  4. 4. Scientific Method, cont. <ul><li>Results – put the data into words, explain what actually happened, use your notes and the timeline </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion – analyze the results and write a conclusion explaining what happened and why. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Starting off: <ul><li>What are you interested in? </li></ul><ul><li>Think of a question </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Your teacher can help </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Research – make sure to take notes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Internet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>encyclopedias </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Hypothesis <ul><li>Based on information you get from research </li></ul><ul><li>Clear and brief </li></ul><ul><li>You can test it, do an experiment </li></ul><ul><li>You are not doing a demonstration of something you already know or asking people what they like or do not like (a survey) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Materials <ul><li>Prepare a complete list of everything you will use, make sure to include size, quantity, kind and/or temperature of all items. </li></ul>A good materials list: 40 half pint milk cartons (with folded tops cut off) 80 bean seeds of the same variety gravel Measuring cups and spoons surface near a sunny window A cardboard box cut into small pieces water supply Plastic wrap Potting soil Styrofoam pellets Black and white newspaper shredded into strips Nail for poking holes into milk cartons
  8. 8. Design the Investigation <ul><li>What is being tested? (the subject) </li></ul><ul><li>What condition are you changing? (the variable) This is the part that is different with each subject of the experiment. </li></ul><ul><li>What conditions is NOT changed? (the control) These have to be the same for all subjects in your experiment </li></ul>
  9. 9. Procedure <ul><li>A step-by-step list of how to do the experiment that anyone can follow </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure you have enough samples in case something goes wrong </li></ul><ul><li>Three – do each part of the experiment three times, three tests </li></ul><ul><li>Control group – you do not change any variable with the control group </li></ul>
  10. 10. Procedure Page for Experiment Estimate the time needed for each step to help your planning. You may even make a schedule with dates. What? When? Done( )
  11. 11. Create a Log Sheet <ul><li>Precise record keeping is essential for accurate results. Create a log sheet before you begin the investigation. </li></ul>Sample #1 Change In Temperature 6° Log sheet to record temperature over a 10 min period. 1 min 2 min 3 min 4 min 5 min 6 min 7 min 8 min 9 min 10 min 90° c 91 ° c 93 ° c 94 ° c 95 ° c 95 ° c 96 ° c 96 ° c 96 ° c 96 ° c
  12. 12. Log sheet to record liquid absorbed Date Time Liquid Absorbed Group A Liquid Absorbed Group B Comments
  13. 13. Doing Your Experiment <ul><li>Follow the procedure you have written </li></ul><ul><li>Gather data, record it in log sheet or chart </li></ul><ul><li>Keep a timeline of what you do each day </li></ul><ul><li>Be accurate in your measurements and careful in recording the results. Record and write at the time you make your observation, not later. Photographs help, too. </li></ul><ul><li>If you need to change your procedure, note the changes and tell why they were made. </li></ul><ul><li>Sometime nothing happens! That is a result! </li></ul>
  14. 14. Organize Data and Write Results <ul><li>When your experiment is complete, you need to look at the written observations and put them in order. </li></ul><ul><li>You may want to create bar graphs or line graphs to show your data. </li></ul><ul><li>At the bottom of each chart, table or graph, write a brief explanation to explain what happened. </li></ul><ul><li>Title and label each chart, table or graph carefully. </li></ul><ul><li>When you have completed your graphs, write a summary of your observations and measurements. This should be short and simple. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Conclusion <ul><li>This is the analysis of what happened </li></ul><ul><li>Tell what you learned from the trials and tests </li></ul><ul><li>Compare your results with the original hypothesis. </li></ul><ul><li>Your hypothesis may be true OR false. It may also be inconclusive. </li></ul><ul><li>Your data may not be enough to prove or disprove your hypothesis. </li></ul><ul><li>Look for patterns! </li></ul><ul><li>End your conclusion with how your learning can connect to the real world. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Presenting Your Project <ul><li>You are now ready to present the project! You will need two (2) things- </li></ul><ul><li>A notebook/Journal that should include your: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Background research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Table of Contents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bibliography </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Copies of each of the steps in your project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A timeline of what you did for your project each day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data sheets (charts, tables and graphs) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Each student is required to complete a journal. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Presenting Your Project, cont. <ul><li>A display board </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A good display will attract attention and help others learn from what you have done. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Your display MUST include summaries of the problem, hypothesis, procedures, results, and conclusions. You may also include graphs and photos. </li></ul><ul><li>The display should be neatly and carefully done and may be colorful. </li></ul><ul><li>A clever title will make it more interesting, too. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Display Board example
  19. 19. Taking it all to the Science Fair <ul><li>Make sure all of these items get turned in and come to the science fair: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Display board </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Journal, complete with all required pages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Put your name and room number on the BACK of the display board and on the cover of the journal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Turn it in on time: Tuesday, January 24, 2012 for judging </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Important Science Fair Dates <ul><li>Adams Family Learning Night/Science Fair-Tuesday, January 24 th , 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>District Awards Ceremony, Thursday, March 15 th , 2012 </li></ul>