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Bmgt 411 chapter_4


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bmgt 411 marketing management fall 2014 chris lovett

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Bmgt 411 chapter_4

  1. 1. BMGT 411 Chapter 4: Creating Long Term Loyalty Relationships
  2. 2. Moving to Customer Centric Marketing
  3. 3. Apple
  4. 4. Kohl’s
  5. 5. Walmart
  6. 6.
  7. 7. Building Customer Value and Satisfaction • Customer perceived value (CPV)—the difference between the prospective customer’s evaluation of all the benefits and all the costs of an offering and the perceived alternatives.
  8. 8. Determinants of Customer Perceived Value (CPV) • Total customer value • Product value • Services value • Personnel value • Image value ! • Total customer cost • Monetary cost • Time cost • Energy cost • Psychic cost
  9. 9. Loyalty • A deeply held commitment to re-buy or re- patronize a preferred product or service in the future despite situational influences and marketing efforts having the potential to cause switching behavior • What product are you loyal to? • Why?
  10. 10. New Balance 990
  11. 11. Satisfaction • A person’s feelings of pleasure or disappointment that result from comparing a product’s perceived performance (or outcome) to expectations. • What products or services exceed your expectations? • What would you do if a product or service did not meet your expectations?
  12. 12. Wegmans
  13. 13. Product and Service Quality • Quality (or grade) is the totality of features and characteristics of a product or service that bear on its ability to satisfy stated or implied needs.
  14. 14. Marketers’ Roles in Delivering Quality • Correctly identifying customers’ needs and requirements • Communicate customer expectations properly to product designers • Be sure orders are filled correctly and on time • Provide customers with proper instructions, training, and technical assistance • Stay in touch with customers after the sale • Gather customer ideas for improvements and convey them to the appropriate departments • Who do you feel is managing quality performance good today?
  15. 15. @comcastcares
  16. 16. Customer Profitability • A profitable customer is one that over time yields a revenue stream that exceeds by an acceptable amount the company’s cost stream for attracting, selling, and servicing that customer.
  17. 17. Goal is to Maintain Profitable Customers Shift Low Profit Customers Into Higher Profit Products Over Time
  18. 18. Customer Profitability Analysis (CPA) • Best conducted with an accounting technique called Activity-Based Costing (ABC). • Estimate all revenue coming from the customer, less all costs that go into serving that customer.
  19. 19. Customer Lifetime Value (CLV) • Describes the net present value of the stream of future profits expected over the customer’s lifetime purchases.
  20. 20. CLV Equations
  21. 21. CLV Importance • Example: Grocery Store • AverageYearly Spend: $5,200 (a) • Average LifeSpan: 30Years (t) • Using the simple equation, what is the average Customer Life TimeValue of a Grocery Store Customer? • CLV = (a x t) • 15,000 Customers in this segment • Segment CLV = $2,340,000,000
  22. 22. Cultivating Customer Relationships • Customer relationship management (CRM) is the process of carefully managing detailed information about individual customers and all customer “touch points” to maximize customer loyalty.
  23. 23. CRM Best Practices • Identify Prospects and Customers: Don’t go after everyone. Build and mine a customer database with information from all channels and customer touch points • Differentiate customers in terms of (1) their needs and (2) their value to the company: Defend aggressively your most valuable customers, while trying to grow relationships with less profitable customers • Interact with individual customers to improve your knowledge about their individual needs and to build stronger relationships • Customize products, services, and marketing messages to each customer • Who do you feel is doing this well for you?
  24. 24. Traditional Marketing Funnel
  25. 25. Traditional Marketing Funnel
  26. 26. Customer Database and Database Marketing • Customer database—an organized collection of comprehensive information about individual customers or prospects that is current, accessible, and actionable for marketing purposes. • Database marketing—the process of building, maintaining, and using customer databases and other databases to make contact, facilitate transactions, and build customer relationships.
  27. 27. Data Warehouse and Datamining • Data warehouse—organized data where marketers can capture, query, and analyze it to draw inferences about an individual customer’s needs and responses. • Datamining—statisticians extract useful information about individuals, trends, and segments from the mass of data.
  28. 28. Database Uses • Identify the best prospects • Match a specific offer with a specific customer as a way to sell, cross-sell, and up-sell • Deepen customer loyalty by remembering preferences and offering relevant incentives and information
  29. 29. Downside of Database Marketing and CRM • Large investment • Difficulty in getting everyone to be customer oriented • Not all customers want an ongoing relationship • Assumptions behind CRM may not always hold true
  30. 30. AthleteTrax • What kind of ideas do you have to increase long term loyalty? • How should AthleteTrax use the CLV equation?