NAZI CELEBRATION IN BERLIN 30 JANUARY 1933
How did Hitler become Chancellor in 1933? Germany 1930-32- a state of confusion . The key point here is the sequence of ev...
 
<ul><li>OPPONENTS WEAKNESSES </li></ul><ul><li>Failure to deal with the Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Failure to cooperate ...
<ul><li>1. Legal elections </li></ul><ul><li>1930 </li></ul><ul><li>June 1932- 230 seats (37% of vote)& biggest party </li...
HOW DID HITLER BECOME FUHRER OF GERMANY?
 
By 1934 Hitler was the Fuhrer with complete control over the German people Knowledge & Understanding 1. Describe the ways ...
After Hitler became Chancellor of Germany, he moved quickly to make himself dictator. 6.  Explain how Hitler established h...
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Chancellor To Fuhrer

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Chancellor To Fuhrer

  1. 1. NAZI CELEBRATION IN BERLIN 30 JANUARY 1933
  2. 2. How did Hitler become Chancellor in 1933? Germany 1930-32- a state of confusion . The key point here is the sequence of events. Hitler didn’t come to power overnight- his support increased as the economy got worse and as the other political parties failed to solve Germany’s problems.
  3. 4. <ul><li>OPPONENTS WEAKNESSES </li></ul><ul><li>Failure to deal with the Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Failure to cooperate with one another </li></ul><ul><li>Attitudes of Germans to democracy and democratic parties </li></ul><ul><li>OTHER FACTORS </li></ul><ul><li>Weaknesses of the Weimar Republic </li></ul><ul><li>Scheming of von Papen (and Hindenburg) </li></ul><ul><li>The impact of the Depression </li></ul><ul><li>The Treaty of Versailles </li></ul><ul><li>Memories of the problems of 1923 </li></ul>How did Hitler become Chancellor in 1933? <ul><li>NAZI STRENGTHS </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler’s speaking skills </li></ul><ul><li>Propaganda campaigns </li></ul><ul><li>Violent treatment of their opponents </li></ul><ul><li>Their criticisms of the Weimar system of government </li></ul><ul><li>Popular Nazi policies </li></ul><ul><li>Support from business men (eg Hugenburg cinema owner) </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>1. Legal elections </li></ul><ul><li>1930 </li></ul><ul><li>June 1932- 230 seats (37% of vote)& biggest party </li></ul><ul><li>November 1932 </li></ul><ul><li>March 1933 </li></ul><ul><li>2.Effects of the Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Social misery </li></ul><ul><li>Economic catastrophe </li></ul><ul><li>Political confusion & weakness </li></ul><ul><li>3. Germany did not have a strong government </li></ul><ul><li>unable to cope with the crisis </li></ul><ul><li>4.Nazi dirty tricks </li></ul><ul><li>SA provoking violence </li></ul><ul><li>5. Politicians plotting </li></ul><ul><li>President Hindenburg, von Papen & von Schleicher thought they could control Hitler </li></ul><ul><li>6. Strong organisation of the Nazi Party </li></ul><ul><li>Nazi party in every town </li></ul><ul><li>SA </li></ul><ul><li>Nazi leaders (Goebbels etc) </li></ul><ul><li>7. The appeal of the Nazis </li></ul><ul><li>army officers, industrialists, nationalists, & all those unhappy with Weimar Government </li></ul>
  5. 6. HOW DID HITLER BECOME FUHRER OF GERMANY?
  6. 8. By 1934 Hitler was the Fuhrer with complete control over the German people Knowledge & Understanding 1. Describe the ways in which Hitler gained total power in Germany. 8 <ul><li>Evidence: </li></ul><ul><li>Nazi success in elections </li></ul><ul><li>von Papen convinces Hindenburg to make Hitler Chancellor </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler becomes Chancellor in January 1933 </li></ul><ul><li>Reichstag fire </li></ul><ul><li>banning/ arrest of Communists </li></ul><ul><li>fundamental laws suspended </li></ul><ul><li>Enabling Laws passed </li></ul><ul><li>all opposition parties banned </li></ul><ul><li>Trade Unions banned </li></ul><ul><li>Night of the Long Knives </li></ul><ul><li>Army Oath of Allegiance </li></ul><ul><li>use of propaganda </li></ul><ul><li>control of media </li></ul><ul><li>concentration camps </li></ul><ul><li>work of Gestapo/ SS </li></ul>
  7. 9. After Hitler became Chancellor of Germany, he moved quickly to make himself dictator. 6. Explain how Hitler established his rule in Germany 1933- 1934. 5 marks

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