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Maps for Local StudiesLocScot Dayschool and AGM - National Library of ScotlandWeds 24 April 201310.00 Welcome and introduc...
Maps for Local HistoryRural Maps:County MapsEstate MapsEnclosure / CommontyLegal disputesTown PlansMilitary MapsCoastal ch...
Pont – ca. 1583-1614
Hondius – ca. 1610
Hondius – ca. 1610
Adair, 1682
Adair, 1682
William Forrest, Map of Haddingtonshire, 1802
Sharp, Greenwood & Fowler, Map of the counties of Fife and Kinross, 1828
John Rocque, A Plan of ye Garden Plantation of Drumlangrig [sic] in Scotland,the Seat of his Grace the Duke of Queensburry...
John Home, ‘The Farms of Knockneach, Culach and Inverchirkag’ from Survey of Assynt (1774)
Stobie – ca. 1784
Henry Buist, Plan of the Common Muir of Methven (1792)
Geddie? – ca. 1580
Wood – 1822
Wood – 1823
Great Reform Act, Stirling (1832)
Robert Johnson, A Plan of Fort William with the Country ajasent (1710)
Petit - Perth, 1715
Roy Military Survey of Scotland, detail around Kenmore, ca. 1747-52
Roy Military Survey of Scotland, ca. 1747-52
Roy Military Survey of Scotland, ca. 1747-52
Roy Military Survey of Scotland, ca. 1747-52
A Survey of the Road... to the Spittle of Glen-Shee, 1749, by the militaryengineer, John Archer, distinguishing between th...
Slezer, 1693
Admiralty Chart: Survey of the Frith of Forth, by George Thomas... in 1815
The Minchmoor drove road from Traquair in the Tweed valley going south-eastto the Yarrow valley, from John Thomsons Selkir...
Taylor & Skinner, 1776-7
Brown, 1898
Stevenson / Lizars – Union Bridge, Paxton, 1820
R. Kirkwood, This plan of the City of Edinburgh and its environs… 1817
West Highland Railway, 1888
Ordnance Survey1.History2.County Series3.National Grid4.Scales, map contents and editions5.Legends and abbreviations
Ordnance Survey1. HistoryRoy Military Survey of Scotland, 1747-17551791 - Purchase of Jesse Ramsden theodoliteSouthern ...
OS Book of Reference…from 1855 to the mid-1880s for 1:2,500 maps.Parcel number, acreage andland-use.Can be consulted in NL...
OS Object Name BooksAvailable in the National Archives of Scotlandand on ScotlandsPlaces website through a £15 subscription
Ordnance Survey2. County Series Original mapping up to the Second World War based on counties Sheet referencing by Count...
25 inch to the mile coverage1stedition - 1855-1882 2ndand later editions – 1892-
Origins of the OScounty meridians forlarge scale mapping
Survey and Revision Dates for County Series MappingOnline at:http://maps.nls.uk/os/county_series_list.html
Ordnance Survey3.National Grid• Davidson Committee from late 1930s recommended the recasting onto a newprojection for the ...
The National Grid
Ordnance Survey3. National Grid• Davidson Committee from late 1930s recommended the recasting ontoa new projection for the...
Richard Oliver’s town listsChapter 6 ofOrdnance Survey Maps: a conciseguide for historians(London: Charles Close, 2005)
Richard Oliver’s County ListingsChapter 7 ofOrdnance Survey Maps: a concise guidefor historians (London: Charles Close,2005)
Ordnance Survey4. Scales, Contents and EditionsScale Area Number of sheets Per cent areaBasic-scale series1:1,250 500m257,...
OS 1:1056, surveyed 1852
OS 1:2,500, surveyed 1861-2
OS 1:10,560, surveyed 1852
OS 1:10,560, Perth, 1860
OS 1:10,560, published 1958
OS 1:10,560, published 1983
OS 1:63,360, 1850
One-inch to the mile County Series indexes
Ordnance Survey Maps One-inch "Popular" edition, 1925
OS 1:10,560 Air Photos, 1850
Ordnance Survey“Ordnance Survey is Great Britains national mapping agency, providingmost accurate and up-to-date geographi...
Post-1963 1:2,500and 1:1250 mappingSymbols…and Boundaries
Online at:http://maps.nls.uk/os/abbrev
Beware…• Dates• Accuracy• Purpose (e.g. plans)• Often not designed to be used in isolation• Require accompanying terriers ...
Ordnance Survey – 1872
Skinner – 1763
RAF – 1951
RAF – 1948
CopyrightOrdnance Survey maps are subject to CrownCopyright, which lasts for 50 years from the end ofthe year in which th...
Licences• OS have a wide range of licences for using in-copyright mapping,depending upon who you are, and what you wish to...
Contact us…Map LibraryNational Library of Scotland159 CausewaysideEdinburghEH9 1PH0131 623 3970maps@nls.ukmaps.nls.uk
Digital MappingRaster Images.• Any historical mapping• Scanned maps from desktop or large-format scanners• Smaller-scale d...
Maps for Local Studies - LocScot 24 April 2013
Maps for Local Studies - LocScot 24 April 2013
Maps for Local Studies - LocScot 24 April 2013
Maps for Local Studies - LocScot 24 April 2013
Maps for Local Studies - LocScot 24 April 2013
Maps for Local Studies - LocScot 24 April 2013
Maps for Local Studies - LocScot 24 April 2013
Maps for Local Studies - LocScot 24 April 2013
Maps for Local Studies - LocScot 24 April 2013
Maps for Local Studies - LocScot 24 April 2013
Maps for Local Studies - LocScot 24 April 2013
Maps for Local Studies - LocScot 24 April 2013
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Maps for Local Studies - LocScot 24 April 2013

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An overview of historical maps of Scotland, their purposes, audiences and value for local studies

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Maps for Local Studies - LocScot 24 April 2013

  1. 1. Maps for Local StudiesLocScot Dayschool and AGM - National Library of ScotlandWeds 24 April 201310.00 Welcome and introduction (CILIP)10.15 Maps for local history (Chris). An overview of historical maps of Scotland, their purposes, audiences, content andvalue for local studies.11.00 Cataloguing, metadata, and finding aids (Paula).11.45 AGM (CILIP)12.15 Lunch13.30 Split into two groups: 1. Storage, map stacks, classification, and conservation (Paula)2. Hands-on viewing of specific maps and finding aids (Chris)(Groups swap around after half an hour)14.30 Digital mapping and online resources (Chris). Including a brief look at map scanning, online delivery andgeoreferencing, and then primarily looking at the best online sources of maps and related info (NLS Map Images, OldMaps Online, ScotlandsPlaces, Map Curators Toolbox)15.30 Questions and wrap-up discussion16.00 Finish
  2. 2. Maps for Local HistoryRural Maps:County MapsEstate MapsEnclosure / CommontyLegal disputesTown PlansMilitary MapsCoastal chartsTransportation Maps -Canals / railways / roadsOrdnance Survey :HistoryCounty SeriesNational GridScales, map contents and editionsLegends and abbreviationsAir photosGeneral principles. Copyright
  3. 3. Pont – ca. 1583-1614
  4. 4. Hondius – ca. 1610
  5. 5. Hondius – ca. 1610
  6. 6. Adair, 1682
  7. 7. Adair, 1682
  8. 8. William Forrest, Map of Haddingtonshire, 1802
  9. 9. Sharp, Greenwood & Fowler, Map of the counties of Fife and Kinross, 1828
  10. 10. John Rocque, A Plan of ye Garden Plantation of Drumlangrig [sic] in Scotland,the Seat of his Grace the Duke of Queensburry (1739)
  11. 11. John Home, ‘The Farms of Knockneach, Culach and Inverchirkag’ from Survey of Assynt (1774)
  12. 12. Stobie – ca. 1784
  13. 13. Henry Buist, Plan of the Common Muir of Methven (1792)
  14. 14. Geddie? – ca. 1580
  15. 15. Wood – 1822
  16. 16. Wood – 1823
  17. 17. Great Reform Act, Stirling (1832)
  18. 18. Robert Johnson, A Plan of Fort William with the Country ajasent (1710)
  19. 19. Petit - Perth, 1715
  20. 20. Roy Military Survey of Scotland, detail around Kenmore, ca. 1747-52
  21. 21. Roy Military Survey of Scotland, ca. 1747-52
  22. 22. Roy Military Survey of Scotland, ca. 1747-52
  23. 23. Roy Military Survey of Scotland, ca. 1747-52
  24. 24. A Survey of the Road... to the Spittle of Glen-Shee, 1749, by the militaryengineer, John Archer, distinguishing between the completed road, the“road to be made”, dry stone walls and back drains.
  25. 25. Slezer, 1693
  26. 26. Admiralty Chart: Survey of the Frith of Forth, by George Thomas... in 1815
  27. 27. The Minchmoor drove road from Traquair in the Tweed valley going south-eastto the Yarrow valley, from John Thomsons Selkirkshire, 1820
  28. 28. Taylor & Skinner, 1776-7
  29. 29. Brown, 1898
  30. 30. Stevenson / Lizars – Union Bridge, Paxton, 1820
  31. 31. R. Kirkwood, This plan of the City of Edinburgh and its environs… 1817
  32. 32. West Highland Railway, 1888
  33. 33. Ordnance Survey1.History2.County Series3.National Grid4.Scales, map contents and editions5.Legends and abbreviations
  34. 34. Ordnance Survey1. HistoryRoy Military Survey of Scotland, 1747-17551791 - Purchase of Jesse Ramsden theodoliteSouthern England (from 1790s), Ireland (from 1820s),and then Scotland (from 1840s)Battle of the Scales - 1850sCompletion of survey of Scotland - 1880sBooks of Reference and OS Name Books
  35. 35. OS Book of Reference…from 1855 to the mid-1880s for 1:2,500 maps.Parcel number, acreage andland-use.Can be consulted in NLS andon Internet Archive website:http://archive.org/details/osbooksofreference
  36. 36. OS Object Name BooksAvailable in the National Archives of Scotlandand on ScotlandsPlaces website through a £15 subscription
  37. 37. Ordnance Survey2. County Series Original mapping up to the Second World War based on counties Sheet referencing by County:OS 6” to the mile / 1:10,560 Aberdeenshire VIII (4 x 6 miles)OS 6” to the mile / 1:10,560 Aberdeenshire IXOS 6” to the mile / 1:10,560 Aberdeenshire XOS 25” to the mile / 1:2,500 Aberdeenshire VIII.1-16OS 25” to the mile / 1:2,500 Aberdeenshire VIII.4 (1 mile x 1.5 miles) Revision by county - all or part of the county revised atparticular points in time.
  38. 38. 25 inch to the mile coverage1stedition - 1855-1882 2ndand later editions – 1892-
  39. 39. Origins of the OScounty meridians forlarge scale mapping
  40. 40. Survey and Revision Dates for County Series MappingOnline at:http://maps.nls.uk/os/county_series_list.html
  41. 41. Ordnance Survey3.National Grid• Davidson Committee from late 1930s recommended the recasting onto a newprojection for the whole of Great Britain, the National Grid: a Transverse Mercatorprojection with a central North-South meridian, and a point of origin based west ofthe Scilly Isles. New metric grid based on 100 Km squares.OS 6” to the mile / 1:10,560 NJ 45 NW (5 x 5 km area)OS 6” to the mile / 1:10,560 NJ 45 NEOS 25” to the mile / 1:2,500 NJ 4254 (1 x 1 km area)OS 25” to the mile / 1:2,500 NJ 4255• Following initial survey, sheets placed under continuous revision
  42. 42. The National Grid
  43. 43. Ordnance Survey3. National Grid• Davidson Committee from late 1930s recommended the recasting ontoa new projection for the whole of Great Britain, the National Grid: aTransverse Mercator projection with a central North-South meridian,and a point of origin based west of the Scilly Isles. New metric gridbased on 100 Km squares.OS 6” to the mile / 1:10,560 NJ 45 NW (5 x 5 km area)OS 6” to the mile / 1:10,560 NJ 45 NEOS 25” to the mile / 1:2,500 NJ 4254 (1 x 1 km area)OS 25” to the mile / 1:2,500 NJ 4255• Following initial survey, sheets placed under continuous revision
  44. 44. Richard Oliver’s town listsChapter 6 ofOrdnance Survey Maps: a conciseguide for historians(London: Charles Close, 2005)
  45. 45. Richard Oliver’s County ListingsChapter 7 ofOrdnance Survey Maps: a concise guidefor historians (London: Charles Close,2005)
  46. 46. Ordnance Survey4. Scales, Contents and EditionsScale Area Number of sheets Per cent areaBasic-scale series1:1,250 500m257,400 181:2,500 1-2 km2163,400 521:10,000 25 km23,680 30(All incorporated into OS MasterMap digital data)Derived series1:10,000 25 km26,480 1001:25,000 200 km21,374 1001:50,000 1,600 km2204 1001:250,000 8 1001:625,000 GB 1 100
  47. 47. OS 1:1056, surveyed 1852
  48. 48. OS 1:2,500, surveyed 1861-2
  49. 49. OS 1:10,560, surveyed 1852
  50. 50. OS 1:10,560, Perth, 1860
  51. 51. OS 1:10,560, published 1958
  52. 52. OS 1:10,560, published 1983
  53. 53. OS 1:63,360, 1850
  54. 54. One-inch to the mile County Series indexes
  55. 55. Ordnance Survey Maps One-inch "Popular" edition, 1925
  56. 56. OS 1:10,560 Air Photos, 1850
  57. 57. Ordnance Survey“Ordnance Survey is Great Britains national mapping agency, providingmost accurate and up-to-date geographic data, relied on by governmbusiness and individuals.”Some recent issues: Income generation and cost recovery Greater imbalances of surveying Greater costs of large-scale mapping Greater concern over copyright and IPR Focus on core mapping - provision contracted out to Partners andMapping and Data Centres. Greater liberty to vary prices locally arouncore parameters. OS Opendata Disposal of historic mapping
  58. 58. Post-1963 1:2,500and 1:1250 mappingSymbols…and Boundaries
  59. 59. Online at:http://maps.nls.uk/os/abbrev
  60. 60. Beware…• Dates• Accuracy• Purpose (e.g. plans)• Often not designed to be used in isolation• Require accompanying terriers or documents• (there may not be a key…)• Bias• the cartographers choices (what to include?)• political influence• your own bias
  61. 61. Ordnance Survey – 1872
  62. 62. Skinner – 1763
  63. 63. RAF – 1951
  64. 64. RAF – 1948
  65. 65. CopyrightOrdnance Survey maps are subject to CrownCopyright, which lasts for 50 years from the end ofthe year in which the map was published.Most other commercially published maps are incopyright for 70 years from the end of the year inwhich the map was published.Under fair dealing, OS allow “limited reproduction”(up to 4 identical A4-sized copies) of in copyrightmaps for non-commercial research or private studyor Parliamentary or Judicial Proceedings
  66. 66. Licences• OS have a wide range of licences for using in-copyright mapping,depending upon who you are, and what you wish to do with their mapping:• Paper Map Copying Licence• Publishing Licence• Framework Partner Licence• Internet Licence• From April 2013, NLS has become an OS Licensed Partner and is able tosupply full sheet copies of in-copyright maps• Libraries also have rights over the onward publication of their maps. NLSrequests that permission be requested for all publications of our maps.Usually there is no charge for non-commercial reproduction.• NLS also has an annual permission licence (£100 per annum) allowingunlimited copying of NLS maps for unpublished reports for clients
  67. 67. Contact us…Map LibraryNational Library of Scotland159 CausewaysideEdinburghEH9 1PH0131 623 3970maps@nls.ukmaps.nls.uk
  68. 68. Digital MappingRaster Images.• Any historical mapping• Scanned maps from desktop or large-format scanners• Smaller-scale digital data from OS• Typical formats: TIFF, PNG, BNP, GIF• Usable by any picture editing software - Imaging, Paint, Photoshop, Illustrator. Also usable byGeographical Information System (GIS) software• Can alter basic image parameters - crop, and add features as extra layers on top of base raster image• Relatively available and easy to use software.Vector Images• Modern OS mapping• Typical formats: GML, DXF, NTF, ArcGIS Shapefile, MapInfo MID/MIF• Usable by any Geographical Information System (GIS) software• All topographic features coded into layers and presentation of features can be customised.• Much greater flexibility over presentation of image and integration with other data.• Greater complexity in availability and use of software.

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