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Califano finalpres

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Califano finalpres

  1. 1. Commotion in the Ocean:<br />Reducing the Great Pacific Garbage Patch<br />Chris Califano!<br />Psychology Major<br />TAT Minor<br />CHHS 302-01<br />Natasha Oehlman<br />April 25, 2011<br />
  2. 2. Introduction<br />70% water<br />5 gyres<br /> -North Pacific Gyre<br />100 million tons of trash <br /> sucked into continual vortex <br />
  3. 3. (aka) Great Pacific Garbage Patch<br />Orbicular winds – whirlpool<br />Incoming pollution becomes trapped.<br />80% plastic<br /> -Can’t biodegrade<br /> -No bacteria<br />
  4. 4. Plastic, plastic everywhere<br />Photo degradation<br /> - UV rays cause photons to <br /> break down molecules <br /> -Takes foreeevvveerrr<br />- Gets smaller and smaller<br />
  5. 5. Stats<br />YEARS<br />ITEM<br />
  6. 6. What’s the problem?!<br />Animals mistake these small pieces of plastic for food<br />Plastic bags can resemble jellyfish<br />3 leading causes of death – choking, entanglement, and suffocation<br />
  7. 7. Causes<br />Gyre holds debris once spewed out by North America, Asia, and the Hawaiian islands.<br />Correlation- Asia and United States are highest polluting countries<br />Ship spillage<br />Nurdles<br />Plastic  landfills  incinerated<br /><br /><br />Dumped into oceans<br />Plastics disperse non-bio-degradable pollutants<br />and make their way into marine ecosystems<br />
  8. 8. Marine Pollution<br />
  9. 9. Effects<br />Garbage Patch is increasing more and more each year. <br />Between 2005-2008 sample of plastic particles had doubled.<br />6 times more plastic than plankton. <br />Marine animals at risk.<br />Plastic can get into our food chain.<br />
  10. 10. What we can do…<br />Recycle, reduce, reuse<br />Clean up beaches<br />Monitoring trash<br />Environmental Cleanup Coalition<br />Volunteer at aquariums – get educated!<br />Contact product management systems<br /> -biodegradable plastics<br /> -plastics that don’t have toxic materials<br />
  11. 11. NO!<br />
  12. 12. YES!<br />
  13. 13. References<br />Cookson, C. (2003). Recycling resolutions. Retrieved from<br />http://www.fvrd.bc.ca/InsidetheFVRD/MeetingsAgendasMinutes/AirQualityandEnvironmentManagement/Archived%20Agendas/2010%2003%2002%20Environment%20Committee/item%206.2%20-3%20Email%20re%20Recycling.pdf<br />Marks, Kathy. (2008, February 5). The world’s rubbish dump: a garbage tip that stretches from <br />hawaii to japan. Retrieved from http://teachers.oregon.k12.wi.us/sundstrom/Environmental%20Science/Outcome%204/Pacific%20Garbage%20Heap%20Reading.pdf<br />Moore, C. (2006, November 7). Defending our oceans. Retrieved from <br />http://weblog.greenpeace.org/oceandefenders/archive/2006/11/whats_a_nurdle.html<br /> <br />Watson, P. (2006, July 26). Killing off marine life: plastic garbage polluting the sea. Retrieved <br />from http://www.organicconsumers.org/articles/article_1342.cfm<br />White, Angel. (2011, January 4). Oceanic “garbage patch” not nearly as big as portrayed in <br />media . Retrieved from http://oregonstate.edu/ua/ncs/archives/2011/jan/oceanic-%E2%80%9Cgarbage-patch%E2%80%9D-not-nearly-big-portrayed-media<br />

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