Music & Society Music & Filmwww.musicstudentinfo.com Chris Baker
Film & Music Scores & Soundtracks• Film score music in a film separate from songs used within a film.• Film soundtrack may also include the songs used in the film while the score does not.• Film score sometimes written specifically to accompany a film, but may also be compiled from previously written musical compositions.
Music & Film Cues• Cues individual pieces of music, within a films score, are called cues typically a composition for instruments eg. orchestra and/or non-individually featured voices• Since 1950’s scores are electronic or a hybrid of orchestral and electronic instruments• Digital technology and sampling means many low budget films rely on digital samples to imitate the sound of real instruments
Making Film Music 1 Music & Film Spotting & Temp Tracks• Spotting after the film has been shot the composer is shown an unpolished "rough cut" of the film and talks to the director about what sort of music should be used.• Rarely, the director will talk to the composer before starting shooting, so as to give more time to the composer.• Temp Track sometimes the director will have edited the film using "temp music": already published pieces that are similar to what the director wants.• Most composers dislike temp music, as directors often become accustomed to it.• 2 of
Music & Film Temp Scoreusi2• Temp Score occasionally, directors become attached to the temp score & use it rejecting the custom-made score! e.g. 2001: A Space Odyssey, Troy, King Kong, The Bourne Identity• Some composers work on traditional paper scores, many write with computers.• This allows the composer to create MIDI-based demos called MIDI mockups.• Editing the scene to fit the music - had prepared the score used before and Leone edited the scenes to match it.• Finale of The Good, the Bad and the Ugly. G
Music & Film Orchestral Scoring• When the music has been composed and orchestrated, the orchestra or ensemble then perform it, often with the composer conducting.• Musicians are often un-credited in the film or on the album.• The orchestra performs in front of a large screen depicting the movie, assisting the conductor to synchronize the music with the films.• Films often have different themes for important characters, events, ideas or objects.• A famous example - score for the Star Wars saga, and the numerous themes associated with characters like Darth Vader, Luke Skywalker etc
Music & Film Dogme & Film Preservation• Most films have between 40 and 120 minutes of music.• Source Music - Dogme 95 genre that has music only from sources within a film, such as from a radio or television.• Some films have very little or no music.• The Society for the Preservation of Film Music, was formed to preserve the "byproducts" of creating a film score: music manuscripts, documents and studio recordings which, in some instances, have been discarded.it.
Music & Film History• Before the age of recorded sound studios employed in- house pianist or organist, and entire orchestras, typically given cue sheets as a guide.• Accompaniments at this time, comprised pieces by famous composers.• These formed catalogues of film music, which had different subsections broken down by mood’ or genre: dark, sad, suspense, action, chase, etc.
Music & Film• This made things much easier for the in-house pianists and orchestras to pick pieces that fitted the particular feel of a movie and its scenes.• The first film score by a popular artist came in 1973 with the film Pat Garret and Billy the Kid, by Bob Dylan.• This had not been done before in popular film history: any featured band had films written around the music (notably The Beatles with Yellow Submarine)
Types of Soundtracks of Soundtrack In the soundtrack genre there are three types of recordings Musical film soundtracks which concentrate primarily on the songs. E.g. “Grease” & “Singin‘ in the Rain” Film scores which showcase the background music from non-musicals Examples: “Star Wars” Albums of pop songs heard in whole or part in the background of non-musicals E.g. “Sleepless in Seattle”, “When Harry Met Sally”
Music & Film Cast Recordings• Original cast recordings are studio made recordings of the songs from a stage musical.• The performers sing the score live every night.• They do not lip-synch to pre-recorded tracks.
Music & Film VideogamesSoundtrack may also refer to music used in video games.• Sound effects were nearly universally used for action happening in the game, music to accompany the game play was a later development.• Polyphonic and orchestral soundtracks replaced monophonic melodies.• 1980’s soundtracks to games such as the Dragon Quest and Final Fantasy series began to be released separately.• CD technology allowed developers to incorporate licensed songs into their soundtrack e.g. Grand Theft Auto• When Microsoft released the Xbox in 2001, it featured an option allowing users to customize the soundtrack for certain games by ripping a CD to the hard-drive.