Southwest asia study guide game econ and govt


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Southwest asia study guide game econ and govt

  1. 1. The Middle East Study Game Unit 3
  2. 2. A country ruled by a person that has complete and unlimited power. Citizens do not participate. Autocracy
  3. 3. A republic government based on the laws of Islam (Saudi Arabia, Iran) Islamic Republic
  4. 4. a form of government in which a Deity (God) is recognized as the supreme civil ruler, but the Deity’s laws are interpreted by religious authorities (Ayatollahs, Bishops, Mullahs, etc.) (Iran) Theocracy
  5. 5. a country in which the powers of the central government are restricted and in which the states, colonies, or provinces havesome self-government; ultimate power rests with the voters whochoose their governmental representatives (India, United States, Germany, Federal System
  6. 6. a form of government in which the citizens elect leaders and rule by majority (United States) Republic
  7. 7. A government based upon religious beliefs is BEST described as an Theocracy
  8. 8. What type of governmentcitizens choose representatives to make and enforce the laws Democracy
  9. 9. The central government holdsmost of the power in a _________ government. UNITARY
  10. 10. A small group of powerfulleaders are in charge in this type of government… Oligarchy
  11. 11. What is the legislative branch of government is responsible for ??? making and carrying out the laws
  12. 12. How is the leader of aPresidential Democracy chosen? The president is directly chosen in a vote by the people.
  13. 13. How is the leader of aParliamentary Democracy chosen? The Prime Minister is chosen by representatives in the legislator
  14. 14. What tells how governmental power is distributed? A government SYSTEM
  15. 15. In the Middle East, whichcountry would be an example of a Unitary type of government? Israel
  16. 16. What does OPEC stand for? Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
  17. 17. What type of trade barrier is a Quota? Political Trade Barrier
  18. 18. What happens if OPEC decides to limit the amount of oil its members produces? Prices of Oil and Gas goes up
  19. 19. How does Israel make up for it’s lack of natural resources? High tech jobs
  20. 20. What is a Political Trade Barrier that places a tax on incoming goods? tariff
  21. 21. Who benefits from trade restrictions placed on imported goods? Local companies that produce the same products as the imports-LIMITS competition
  22. 22. Out of the countries we havestudied, which one does NOT have large oil deposits??? ISRAEL
  23. 23. What is the title of the Shia religious leader of IRAN? Ayatollah
  24. 24. Of the countries we studied, whichis considered an Islamic Republic? Iran
  25. 25. What is a common problemwith command economies? Poor decision making by government leaders onanswering the three main Economic Questions
  26. 26. What are the three main Economic Questions?1. What to produce/how much.2. How to produce it.3. For whom to produce it for.
  27. 27. What gemstone is Israel known for? Diamonds
  28. 28. Which Southwest Asian country has an Autocratic Government system? Saudi Arabia (Monarchy)
  29. 29. What is the leader of Iran known as? The Supreme Leader
  30. 30. Which type of government gives its citizens the most power? Democratic
  31. 31. What resources does Israel lack? Oil and farmland
  32. 32. What does Iran spend most of it’s oil wealth on? Military
  33. 33. Which type of government gives its citizens the least power? Autocratic (Dictators and Monarchs)
  34. 34. What factor of production are new factories, technology, machines and equipment? Capital goods/resources
  35. 35. What industries do both Iranand Saudi Arabia invest most in? Oil
  36. 36. Building new schools and hospitals is a _______ investment. Human capital/resources
  37. 37. Sue is a baker just like hermom. This is an example of which type of economy? Traditional
  38. 38. What type of government gives the king or queen complete control? Absolute Monarchy
  39. 39. Mr. Crab gives Patrick two bags ofSkittles for one bag of Twix. What is this and example of? Bartering
  40. 40. What has made Saudi Arabia so wealthy? OIL
  41. 41. How important is religion to Saudi Arabia’s king? VERY… It is the basis for the entire government!!!
  42. 42. The Israeli legislature is called? The Knesset
  43. 43. The Iranian legislature is called? The Assembly of the Experts
  44. 44. Do traditional economies exist in any countries today? Yes, but only a little
  45. 45. The Saudi Arabian legislator is called? The Consultative Council
  46. 46. What natural resource is thesource of many conflicts in the region. Water and Oil
  47. 47. What type of economies exist inthe majority of countries we have studied? Mixed
  48. 48. In what country can people votefor local leaders but because the King has final authority the citizens play a very small role ifany in running the government? Saudi Arabia
  49. 49. In what country can people votefor local leaders and the national legislator, but the Head of Stateand Nations leader are chosen by the national legislator? Israel
  50. 50. In what country can people votefor local leaders and the countries president, but the true leader of the country chosen by the countries religious leaders? Iran
  51. 51. When you make one thing and youmake it very well, what is it called? Specialization
  52. 52. Laws based on the teachings of the Quran are known as what Shariah Law
  53. 53. Why are most Political Trade Barriers put in place? Political Conflict
  54. 54. What is GDP?Gross Domestic Product
  55. 55. A government that sees God as the supreme ruler is known as what? Theocracy
  56. 56. What type of trade barrier is an Embargo? Political Trade Barrier
  57. 57. What is a common feature ofcountries with strong economies? High Literacy Rates
  58. 58. The 1973 Oil crisis was the outcome of what type ofpolitical trade barrier between OPEC and the US?? An EMBARGO
  59. 59. What is Human Capital?The value that a person brings to the work place. Improved through education.
  60. 60. How does country increase their GDP?Invest in the 4 factors of production.