Africa study game unit 3

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Africa study game unit 3

  1. 1. The Africa Unit 3 STUDY GAME
  2. 2. New machinery and tools are examples of __________ resources Capital
  3. 3. A UNICAMERAL legislature means what? It is a ONE house body that makes and passes the laws for the country.
  4. 4. What do Kenya, South Africa and Sudan all have in common in government? They are all “so-called” republics
  5. 5. Who makes the important decisions in Sudan? • The President and the National Congress Party
  6. 6. What are South Africa’s major exports? Gold and diamonds
  7. 7. What are the two Houses in South Africa’s Bicameral legislature? • National Assembly • National Council of Provinces
  8. 8. What is the currency of South Africa The Rand
  9. 9. What is the currency of Nigeria? The Naira
  10. 10. Why is Sudan not a true Republic? Votes don’t count & they are ruled by a one party dictatorship
  11. 11. Literacy rate refers to • Ability to read and write • More qualified work force • Higher GDP and Standard of living
  12. 12. A person who takes a risk by starting their own business is An Entrepreneur
  13. 13. A country ruled by a person that has complete and unlimited power Dictatorship – in an autocracy
  14. 14. What is an Embargo? A decision by one country to eliminate all exports to and imports with another country.
  15. 15. a form of government in which a Deity (God) is recognized as the supreme civil ruler Theocracy
  16. 16. What are quotas, tariffs, and embargos? (Political) Trade Barriers
  17. 17. A country in which the powers of the central government are restricted and in which the states, colonies, or provinces have some self-government; ultimate power rests with the voters who choose their governmental representatives (India, United States, Germany, South Africa…) Federal Republic
  18. 18. Name one of the most important factors in the economic growth of a country. Literacy Rate, or ability to make investments
  19. 19. a form of government in which the citizens elect leaders and rule by majority (United States) Representative Democracy
  20. 20. A government based upon religious beliefs is BEST described as an Theocracy
  21. 21. Most jobs in the US and South Africa are in what industry? The Service Industry
  22. 22. What type of government controls most aspects of its peoples life. Authoritarian or Autocracy
  23. 23. What type of government citizens choose representatives to make and enforce the laws Representative Democracy or Republic
  24. 24. The central government holds most of the power in _________ government. UNITARY
  25. 25. A small group of powerful leaders are in charge in this type of government… Oligarchy
  26. 26. What is the legislative branch of government is responsible for ??? making and carrying out the laws
  27. 27. In general, countries with strong economies have __________ literacy rates High
  28. 28. How is the leader of a Presidential Democracy chosen? The president is chosen in a vote by the people.
  29. 29. How is the leader of a Parliamentary Democracy chosen? The Prime Minister is chosen by representatives in the legislator
  30. 30. What is a TWO house body that makes and passes the laws for the country? A BICAMERAL legislature.
  31. 31. Lawlessness or political disorder brought about by having NO Government ANARCHY
  32. 32. What type of trade barrier is a Quota? Political Trade Barrier
  33. 33. What is a Political Trade Barrier that places a tax on incoming goods? tariff
  34. 34. People who can work, solve problems, and create businesses are called what? Human Resources or Human Capital
  35. 35. Who benefits from trade restrictions placed on imported goods? Local companies that produce the same products as the imports-LIMITS competition
  36. 36. What is a common problem with command economies? Poor decision making by government leaders on answering the three main Economic Questions
  37. 37. What are the three main Economic Questions? 1. 2. 3. What to produce/how much. How to produce it. For whom to produce it for.
  38. 38. Which African country that we have studied have an Autocratic Government system? Sudan (Military Dictatorship)
  39. 39. Which type of government gives its citizens the most power? Democratic
  40. 40. Which type of government gives its citizens the least power? Autocratic (Dictators and Absolute Monarchs)
  41. 41. What type of government gives the king or queen complete control? Absolute Monarchy
  42. 42. What type of government gives the king or queen very little control, they are more of a figure head? Constitutional Monarchy
  43. 43. What type of trade barrier is an Embargo? Political Trade Barrier
  44. 44. What is a common feature of countries with strong economies? High Literacy Rates
  45. 45. The US and other countries tried to persuade the S. African Government to quit its policy of Apartheid by limiting trade with the country. What type of political trade barrier is this?? Sanctions
  46. 46. African country have we studied that could be considered an Oligarchy prior to 1994??? South Africa
  47. 47. What system of government has a central government that controls everything and power is not shared between states, counties or provinces. Unitary System
  48. 48. A buyer and user of goods and services is a…? Consumer
  49. 49. In terms of international business, if two countries offer the same product, what influences which one I purchase it from? The price, ie… The Exchange Rate
  50. 50. Give 4 examples of political trade barriers… 1. Tariffs 2. Sanctions 3. Embargos 4. Quotas
  51. 51. . What system of government is a voluntary association of independent states that agrees to follow a weak central government. Confederation System
  52. 52. What political trade barrier places a tax on the goods or services coming into or leaving a country? • Tariffs
  53. 53. In what system of government is power shared .by a powerful central government and states or provinces are given considerable self rule, usually through their own legislatures. Federal System
  54. 54. What are three types of governments? 1.Autocracy 2.Oligarchy 3.Democracy
  55. 55. In what type of government does a few people such as a dominant clan or clique have power and the group gets their power from either the military, wealth, or social status. Also, elections may be held but offer only one candidate? Oligarchy
  56. 56. In what type of government is the government “Ruled by the people” and individual freedom and equality is valued. Where free elections are held and decisions are based on majority rule? Democracy
  57. 57. •South Africa’s government operates as a Federal Republic. •Question-How is power distributed in a Federal Republic? In a federal republic, power is divided between the national and state or regional governments.
  58. 58. In what type of government is the power to govern held by one person and where the power to rule is generally inherited or imposed by military force? Autocracy
  59. 59. A manufacturer of goods and services is a…? Producer
  60. 60. What is it called when countries trade without any trade restrictions or barriers? Free Trade
  61. 61. What type of government is ruled by a king or dictator? Autocratic
  62. 62. How is a presidential democracy differ from a parliamentary democracy? • In a presidential democracy the executive branch is separate from the legislative branch.
  63. 63. What political trade barrier limits trade with a particular country or specific business BUT DOES NOT stop all trade with the country? Sanctions
  64. 64. How is power distributed in a one party state? • It is not. This is an unitary type of government with a strong central government.
  65. 65. What political trade barrier limits the amount of goods or services coming into or leaving a country? Quotas
  66. 66. What are two major forms of democratic governments: Parliamentary Presidential
  67. 67. What are the three ways governments distribute power: 1.Unitary 2.Confederation 3.Federal
  68. 68. What political trade barrier stops all trade with the country? Embargo
  69. 69. What is anything that improves a countries work force such as education, health care…? Human Capital
  70. 70. What is Human Capital? Anything that improves a countries work force such as education, health care…
  71. 71. What is nationalism? Loyalty based on political /geographic boundaries
  72. 72. How is power distributed in a federal government system? Power is shared among different levels of government
  73. 73. How is power distributed in a unitary government system? Strong Central Government, NO power Sharing
  74. 74. A small group of powerful leaders Makes ALL governmental decisions in what form of government? Oligarchy
  75. 75. What are any material things that are needed to conduct business… Machines, computers, buildings… ? Capital Goods
  76. 76. In some countries a single authority decides what is produced. What type of economy is this? Command Economy
  77. 77. How is a prime minister in a parliamentary system chosen??? The leader of the political party that holds the most seats in the legislature.
  78. 78. What natural trade barrier separates Libya and D.R. Congo? Sahara Desert
  79. 79. Which form of government gives people more power and rights, A Representative Democracy or an Oligarchy? Representative Democracy
  80. 80. The legislator is responsible for what in a parliamentary system of government? Making and carrying out the laws
  81. 81. The person with the most power in a parliamentary system is the??? Prime Minister
  82. 82. What is a ONE house body that makes and passes the laws for the country? A UNICAMERAL legislature.
  83. 83. Entrepreneurs do what in a market economy? Take on the financial risk in starting a new business
  84. 84. What are Capital Goods ? Any material things that are needed to conduct business… Machines, computers, buildings…
  85. 85. The person with the most power in a parliamentary system is the??? Prime Minister
  86. 86. In Sudan and Kenya, is there a difference in literacy rates between boys and girls? Yes, boys have a high literacy rate than girls
  87. 87. All countries in Africa have what kind of economic system? Mixed
  88. 88. What are two major problems with AIDS in Africa? High death rate and orphaned children
  89. 89. What is the main reason why Africans have so many health issues? Poverty
  90. 90. What can help stop the spread of many diseases in Africa? Education
  91. 91. What makes it possible to buy and sell goods between nations with different types of money? Currency Conversion
  92. 92. What is a man-made reason for famine in Africa? Civil War
  93. 93. This allows people to do a more efficient job at producing what they make best and trade these for the things they want Specialization
  94. 94. What has Nigeria specialized in? Oil/Petroleum
  95. 95. Why did some countries put sanctions and embargos on South Africa in the past? To try to end apartheid
  96. 96. What is the lack of a resource called? Scarcity
  97. 97. Why do most Africans not take drugs to help against HIV/AIDS? It is too expensive
  98. 98. What are the two houses of South Africa’s legislature called? National Assembly and the National Council of Provinces
  99. 99. How is the president of South Africa chosen? Elected by the National Assembly
  100. 100. How is the president of Kenya chosen? Voted by the people

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