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Apprendre à programmer en créant un jeu video avec Scratch<br />1<br />
Introduction<br />Découvrir les 4 piliers de la programmation<br />Les variables<br />Les boucles<br />Les conditions<br /...
Les éléments d’une bonne histoire<br />Un personnage (le héros) rencontre d’autres personnages au cours de différents chap...
Les éléments d’un bon jeu vidéo<br />Un personnage (le héros) rencontre d’autres personnages dans des épreuves au cours de...
Trouver les caractéristiques de chacun de ces éléments<br />Se poser les bonnes questions (QQCOQP) :<br />Qui : le nommer<...
Créer une fiche pour chaque élément<br />Chaque question QQCOQP nous permettra d’établir les caractéristiques de chaque él...
Par quoi commencer ?<br />Où se déroule le jeu ?<br />Qui : le nommer<br />Quoi :à quoi cela va-t-il ressembler ?<br />Com...
Avec qui ? (les « gentils »)<br />Qui : le nommer<br />Quoi :à quoi va-t-il ressembler ?<br />Comment va-t-il agir?<br />O...
Contre qui ? (les « méchants »)<br />Qui : le nommer<br />Quoi :à quoi va-t-il ressembler ?<br />Comment va-t-il agir?<br ...
Avec quoi ? (les objets qui vont nous aider)<br />Qui : le nommer<br />Quoi :à quoi va-t-il ressembler ?<br />Comment va-t...
Contre quoi ? (les obstacles rencontrés)<br />Qui : le nommer<br />Quoi :à quoi va-t-il ressembler ?<br />Comment va-t-il ...
Comment faire rentrer tout cela dans un jeu video<br />Variables  : stocker les caractéristiques<br />Points de vie, posit...
Comment faire rentrer cela…<br />Costumes : <br />à quoi va-t-il ressembler ?<br />Animations<br />Évolutions<br />13<br />
Comment faire rentrer cela…<br />La scène :<br />Où se déroule le jeu :<br />14<br />
Comment faire rentrer cela …<br />Comment vont fonctionner les personnages?<br />15<br />
Vos personnages ont des caractéristiques :<br />Ils vont gagner ou perdre des<br />Points de vie,<br />Ils ont des capacit...
Comment vont fonctionner les personnages ?<br />Avec les <br />17<br />
Comment vont fonctionner les personnages ?<br />Avec les <br />18<br />
Comment vont fonctionner les personnages ?<br />Avec les <br />19<br />
Comment vont fonctionner les personnages ?<br />Avec les <br />20<br />
Comment vont fonctionner les personnages ?<br />Avec les <br />21<br />
Comment vont fonctionner les personnages ?<br />Avec les <br />22<br />
Au travail<br />23<br />
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Apprendre à programmer avec scratch

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Ce support de cours vous permet d'aider des jeunes à apprendre à programmer un jeu video avec SCRATCH. Le secret : c'est de se poser les bonnes questions pour savoir quoi faire, puis comment le faire!

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Apprendre à programmer avec scratch

  1. 1. Apprendre à programmer en créant un jeu video avec Scratch<br />1<br />
  2. 2. Introduction<br />Découvrir les 4 piliers de la programmation<br />Les variables<br />Les boucles<br />Les conditions<br />Les fonctions<br />Se poser les bonnes questions pour découvrir :<br />Les éléments d’une bonne histoire<br />Les éléments d’un bon jeu vidéo<br />2<br />
  3. 3. Les éléments d’une bonne histoire<br />Un personnage (le héros) rencontre d’autres personnages au cours de différents chapitres dans les lieux différents.<br />Personnage ennemi<br />Le héros<br />Chapitres<br />Paragraphes<br />Objets<br />Personnage ami<br />Lieux géographiques<br />3<br />
  4. 4. Les éléments d’un bon jeu vidéo<br />Un personnage (le héros) rencontre d’autres personnages dans des épreuves au cours de différents niveauxdans les lieux différents.<br />Personnage ennemi<br />Le héros<br />Niveaux<br />Épreuves <br />Objets<br />Personnage ami<br />Lieux géographiques<br />4<br />
  5. 5. Trouver les caractéristiques de chacun de ces éléments<br />Se poser les bonnes questions (QQCOQP) :<br />Qui : le nommer<br />Quoi :à quoi cela va-t-il ressembler ?<br />Comment va-t-il agir (personnage) ou fonctionner (objet) ?<br />Où va-t-il intervenir dans le jeu ?<br />Quand va-t-il intervenir dans le jeu ?<br /><ul><li>Pour Quoi :à quoi cela va-t-il servir dans l’histoire ?</li></ul>Personnage ennemi<br />Le héros<br />Niveaux<br />Épreuves <br />Objets<br />Personnage ami<br />Lieux géographiques<br />5<br />
  6. 6. Créer une fiche pour chaque élément<br />Chaque question QQCOQP nous permettra d’établir les caractéristiques de chaque élément de notre jeu.<br />Nous pourrons ensuite nous répartir la réalisation de chaque entité<br />6<br />
  7. 7. Par quoi commencer ?<br />Où se déroule le jeu ?<br />Qui : le nommer<br />Quoi :à quoi cela va-t-il ressembler ?<br />Comment va-t-il fonctionner ?<br />Où va-t-il intervenir dans le jeu ?<br />Quand va-t-il intervenir dans le jeu ?<br />Pour quoi : à quoi cela va-t-il servir dans l’histoire ?<br />7<br />
  8. 8. Avec qui ? (les « gentils »)<br />Qui : le nommer<br />Quoi :à quoi va-t-il ressembler ?<br />Comment va-t-il agir?<br />Où va-t-il intervenir dans le jeu ?<br />Quand va-t-il intervenir dans le jeu ?<br />Pour quoi : à quoi va-t-il servir dans l’histoire ?<br />8<br />
  9. 9. Contre qui ? (les « méchants »)<br />Qui : le nommer<br />Quoi :à quoi va-t-il ressembler ?<br />Comment va-t-il agir?<br />Où va-t-il intervenir dans le jeu ?<br />Quand va-t-il intervenir dans le jeu ?<br />Pour quoi : à quoi va-t-il servir dans l’histoire ?<br />9<br />
  10. 10. Avec quoi ? (les objets qui vont nous aider)<br />Qui : le nommer<br />Quoi :à quoi va-t-il ressembler ?<br />Comment va-t-il fonctionner ?<br />Où va-t-il intervenir dans le jeu ?<br />Quand va-t-il intervenir dans le jeu ?<br />Pour quoi : à quoi va-t-il servir dans l’histoire ?<br />10<br />
  11. 11. Contre quoi ? (les obstacles rencontrés)<br />Qui : le nommer<br />Quoi :à quoi va-t-il ressembler ?<br />Comment va-t-il fonctionner ?<br />Où va-t-il intervenir dans le jeu ?<br />Quand va-t-il intervenir dans le jeu ?<br />Pour quoi : à quoi va-t-il servir dans l’histoire ?<br />11<br />
  12. 12. Comment faire rentrer tout cela dans un jeu video<br />Variables : stocker les caractéristiques<br />Points de vie, positions<br />12<br />
  13. 13. Comment faire rentrer cela…<br />Costumes : <br />à quoi va-t-il ressembler ?<br />Animations<br />Évolutions<br />13<br />
  14. 14. Comment faire rentrer cela…<br />La scène :<br />Où se déroule le jeu :<br />14<br />
  15. 15. Comment faire rentrer cela …<br />Comment vont fonctionner les personnages?<br />15<br />
  16. 16. Vos personnages ont des caractéristiques :<br />Ils vont gagner ou perdre des<br />Points de vie,<br />Ils ont des capacités :<br />Points d’attaque, de défense,<br />Ils ont une position,<br />Plus d’autres éléments qui vont varier pendant le jeu.<br />Ces éléments qui vont varier pendant le jeu sont appelé des variables.<br />16<br />
  17. 17. Comment vont fonctionner les personnages ?<br />Avec les <br />17<br />
  18. 18. Comment vont fonctionner les personnages ?<br />Avec les <br />18<br />
  19. 19. Comment vont fonctionner les personnages ?<br />Avec les <br />19<br />
  20. 20. Comment vont fonctionner les personnages ?<br />Avec les <br />20<br />
  21. 21. Comment vont fonctionner les personnages ?<br />Avec les <br />21<br />
  22. 22. Comment vont fonctionner les personnages ?<br />Avec les <br />22<br />
  23. 23. Au travail<br />23<br />

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