Autism l2


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  • Autism l2

    1. 1. Unit assessment• An assessor will contact you approx mid point to arrange to meet to discuss progress & offer any advice, guidance & support.• Your work will then be IV( internally verified)• Following IV your certificate willbe claimed & your work will be readyFor collection.
    2. 2. 1.Understand the areas in which individuals with an autism spectrum condition characteristically have difficulties
    3. 3. 1.1 The Triad of impairments• Difficulty with social communication.• Difficulty with social interaction.• Difficulty with social imagination.
    4. 4. Language & intellectual abilities
    5. 5. Language & intellect variances• No speech or communicative gestures• Articulated speech but only use as echolalia• Literal understanding of speech• Using speech inappropriately for social context• May ask questions to which they already know the answer
    6. 6. 2.1Abilities, strengths, needs, preference s• An individual unable to function well in society• A person with unusual mental abilities• Repetitive behaviour’s & odd speech patterns
    7. 7. 2.2 Spectrum What is Autism• IQ can be anywhere on the scale, however it many cases it is likely to be below the average mean (100).• There is language delay• They have difficulties connecting socially to others• In severe forms of autism a person is likely to treat people like inanimate objects i.e. neither greeting or acknowledging them.• Likely to have perceptual difficulties & therefore are often hypersensitive & hyposensitive to touch
    8. 8. 2.3 Other conditions• Learning disabilities• Attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD)• Attention deficit disorder (ADD)• about-diagnosis/The-use-and-misuse-of- diagnostic-labels.aspx
    9. 9. Rett Syndrome• Neurological & development disorder• Mostly occurs in females• Poor head growth• Loss of muscle tone• Most often diagnosed as autism or cerebral palsy• Girls identified with Rett syndrome often exhibit speech delays or loss of verbal skills
    10. 10. Williams Syndrome• Williams syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that affects a childs growth, physical appearance, & cognitive development.• People with Williams Syndrome show a pattern of overlaps with ASD• Superficially they have good language skills but much is empty of content.
    11. 11. Tourettes• Inherited neurological condition• It affects one schoolchild in every hundred & more than 300,000 children & adults in the uk• Key feature are tics involuntary & uncontrollable sounds & movements.
    12. 12. 2.4 Sensory Difficulties• Sound e.g. background noises• Vision• Touch e.g. may not feel comfortable or have own rules.• Taste• Smell• Light sensitivity
    13. 13. Perceptual difficulty• Time• Personal space"It seems that for success in science or art, a dash of autism isessential"Hans Asperger.
    14. 14. Hyper & Hypo sensitivityHyper:Sensations are registered too intenselyHypo:Sensations are registered less intensely
    15. 15. Hypersensitive to touch, taste or textures• The person might complain about discomfort caused by shirt tags or sock seams.• The person might be a picky eater preferring crunchy or soft foods.• The person may refuse to have their hair shampooed or brushed & may avoid messy activities.
    16. 16. Sensory overload
    17. 17. Hyposensitive to touch, taste or textures• May crave ‘deep hugs’• Be unresponsive to cuts, bruises or injections.• Unaware of runny nose or dirty mouth.
    18. 18. 3. Challenging behaviour• Refusing food• Staying awake all night• Continuous humming• Removing clothes in public• Flicking fingers• Head butting etc……“ of course what seems inappropriate toone person may seem perfectlyreasonable to someone else”
    19. 19. Challenging behaviour“ To effectively communicate, wemust realise that we are alldifferent in the way we perceive theworld & use this understanding as aguide to our communication withothers”(Anthony Robbins)
    20. 20. Temple Grandin
    21. 21. 4.1 Structures - The TEACCH concept‘The primary aim of the TEACCH programme isto help to prepare people with autism to live orwork more effectively at home, at school and inthe community. Special emphasis is placed onhelping people with autism and their familieslive together more effectively by reducing orremoving autistic behaviours.
    22. 22. The TEACCH concept• Improved adaptation: through the two strategies of improving skills by means of education and of modifying the environment to accommodate deficits.• Parent collaboration: parents work with professionals as co-therapists for their children so that techniques can be continued at home.• Assessment for individualised treatment: unique educational programmes are designed for all individuals on the basis of regular assessments of abilities.• Structured teaching: it has been found that children with autism benefit more from a structured educational environment than from free approaches.
    23. 23. 4.2 Further information & resourcesWebsites:•• Social care institute for excellence• OASSIS• About Autism• BILD• Research autism• Autism Anglia:
    24. 24. National Autistic society Suffolk• Library• Advice & support• Newsletters
    25. 25. Suffolk libraries
    26. 26. Books
    27. 27. 4.3 Person Centred• Consistency is key• Individualised• Personal• ‘Mum knows best’
    28. 28. 4.5 Structuring the environment• Reduce possible sources of distraction & confusion• Remove where possible, potential triggers or temptations.• Provide permanent visual cues or reminders.
    29. 29. 5.1 Communication – Non verbal could be……Use of pictures/symbolsHandshakeDrawingBody language/facial expressionsAppearance i.e. clothes/hairstyle‘flapping’Objects of referenceEmail/faxSmell/touch 34
    30. 30. Verbal examples…TalkingShoutingLaughingCryingScreamingSingingHumming 35
    31. 31. We have two ears and one mouth so that we can listen twice as much as we speak.” Epictetus Dont knock the weather; nine- tenths of the people couldnt start a conversation if it didnt change once in a while. Kin Hubbard"The most important thing incommunication is to hear what isntbeing said."Peter F. Drucker 36
    32. 32. 5.4 Visual Communication Social Stories• Developed by Carol Gray in 1991• To assist people with ASD• To develop a greater social understanding• Social stories are short descriptive illustrations• Can depict an event or situation• Includes specific information about what to expect in that situation & why.
    33. 33. 0ther Aids• PECS• Communication interactive boards• Communication cue Cards