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Using smartphones in humanitarian mapping


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Using smartphones in humanitarian mapping

  1. 1. Using smartphones in humanitarian mapping RGS London October 2011 Chris Ewing Twitter: @web_gis
  2. 2. Summary <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Why use smartphones? </li></ul><ul><li>Smartphones – good </li></ul><ul><li>Smartphones – bad </li></ul><ul><li>Some applications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Android </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>iPhone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blackberry </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul>Image source: Reuters Foundation
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>Increasing use of mobile phones for humanitarian work </li></ul><ul><li>Very useful for assessments, interviews, situation reporting etc </li></ul><ul><li>Many smartphones have GPS, camera, video, text forms for collecting information…. most also have a phone! </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why use smartphones? <ul><li>Reducing time to input data </li></ul><ul><li>Reducing data errors </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing speed of data capture </li></ul><ul><li>Reducing environmental impact? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Smartphones - good <ul><li>(nearly) everyone has one </li></ul><ul><li>Becoming lower-cost </li></ul><ul><li>Easy-to-use </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated cameras and GPS </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Lightweight </li></ul>
  6. 6. Smartphones - bad <ul><li>No ‘common’ phone </li></ul><ul><li>No ‘common’ OS </li></ul><ul><li>No ‘common’ mapping tools </li></ul><ul><li>No mobile reception? </li></ul><ul><li>Data costs? </li></ul><ul><li>Battery life? </li></ul><ul><li>Nickability </li></ul><ul><li>How is data shared? </li></ul> /
  7. 7. Mapping Apps – Android I <ul><li>EpiCollect (also on iPhone) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Idea of collect by many people and aggregate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>View aggregated data on the web </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Mapping Apps – Android II <ul><li>OpenDataKit Collect </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quite techy? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Results are aggregated at </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Mapping Apps - iPhone <ul><li>Moe’s notes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-media note recorder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Images, video, text, with GPS coords </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ArcGIS for iPhone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Links to ArcGIS Server ($$) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collect and update GIS features (points, lines, polygons) </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Mapping Apps - Blackberry <ul><li>Freeance – GIS for Blackberry (also on iPhone and Android) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Connects to ESRI ArcGIS Server </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For larger commercial organisations? </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Crowd-sourced data <ul><li>Ushahidi / CrowdMap </li></ul><ul><li>People send in via social media (FaceBook, Twitter) or by email or text their situation report. </li></ul><ul><li>The software maps and reports this </li></ul><ul><li>See the useful Guide on Verification </li></ul>
  12. 12. Conclusions <ul><li>Use of smartphones - depends on the situation! </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure you have a procedure for data collection and data collation / merging </li></ul><ul><li>Many, many applications available </li></ul><ul><li>Beware of mobile data costs! </li></ul><ul><li>More applications - see p65 of the Field Guide to Humanitarian Mapping </li></ul>
  13. 13. References <ul><li>Android </li></ul><ul><li>EpiCollect – </li></ul><ul><li>OpenDataToolkit - </li></ul><ul><li>iPhone </li></ul><ul><li>Moe’s notes - </li></ul><ul><li>ArcGIS for iPhone - </li></ul><ul><li>Blackberry </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>General </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  14. 14. Contact <ul><li> </li></ul>