Book Of Haggai


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Book Of Haggai

  1. 1.
  2. 2. Haggai<br />Haggai is the first of the prophets which are post-exilic or who prophesied after the captivity. <br />The other two are Zechariah and Malachi. <br />They belong to the period told about in the books of Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther. <br />The historical background for Haggai’s prophecy is found in Ezra 5 and 6.<br />
  3. 3. Haggai and Zechariah aided in building the Temple (520-516 B.C.). <br />Malachi is thought to have been associated with Nehemiah, nearly one hundred years later, in rebuilding the walls of Jerusalem.<br />
  4. 4. A. THEME<br />After seventy years of captivity in Babylon, about 50,000 Jews returned to their own land in 536 B.C., and began to build the Temple. <br />But they had scarcely begun when the work was halted by their enemy neighbors, the Samaritans. <br />
  5. 5. The people who had returned with so much enthusiasm lost heart. <br />For sixteen years the Temple remained unfinished until the reign of Darius, when the Persian king issued an order permitting its completion.<br />
  6. 6. But in the meantime, the people had become indifferent and selfish, and instead of building the Temple, they were occupied with the beautifying of their own homes. <br />As a result of this negligence, they were punished with drought and barrenness. <br />
  7. 7. The theme of the book then is as follows: <br />The neglect of the Temple’s completion resulted in divine displeasure and punishment. <br />Completion will bring divine blessing and promise of future glory.<br />
  8. 8. AUTHOR<br /> Little is known of the personal history of Haggai except that he prophesied after the captivity and that his missions was to encourage the people to rebuild the Temple.<br />
  9. 9. CONTENTS<br />First Message: The Neglect of the Second Temple’s Completion (1:1-1,15)<br />Although the people made excuses, the prophet pinpointed the cause of neglecting to rebuild the Temple as selfishness. <br />The punishment for this sin was drought and barrenness. <br />He urged them to repent and to set to work.<br />
  10. 10. 2. The Second Message: The Glory of the Second Temple (2:1-9)<br />The people’s discouragement was met with divine encouragement, a prophecy of future glory.<br />
  11. 11. 3. The Third Message: Sacrifice Without Obedience Will Not Sanctify (2:10-19)<br />In the third message, Haggai gave a parable. <br />Sin can mar holiness, but holiness cannot cleanse sin. <br />Their disobedience had polluted the land (verses 15-18). <br />However, from the day that the foundation of the Temple was laid, God promised to bless them.<br />
  12. 12. 4. The Fourth Message: The Safety and Perpetuity of the House of Israel (2:20-23)<br />The coming world commotion is certain. <br />Yet there is an assurance of safety for God’s people.<br />