The classical era

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The classical era

  1. 1. THE CLASSICAL ERA 1750-1820 Dayton, Charlie, Shannon, JOHN, Jordan, CJ,
  2. 2. ARCHITECTURE OF THE CLASSICAL ERA What distinguishes the classical architecture from any other era isthat the designs were very elegant and symmetrical right down to thebase. Another separation from the other era’s was the use of plants andanimals in the carvings. Modern influences on classical architecture include the UnitedStates capital buildings, the pantheon in Rome, the Parthenon inGreece, and some architecture found in Williamsburg.
  3. 3. INVENTIONS OF THE CLASSICAL ERA 1760 - Industrial Revolution begins 1763 - Watts invents the first steam powered engine 1769 - Watts steam engine patented 1771 - First edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica 1775 - Electric battery invented by Volta 1788 - Steamboat invented by John Fitch 1796 - First vaccination 1821 - Electric motor and generator invented by Faraday
  4. 4. IMPORTANT PEOPLE OF THE CLASSICAL ERAImportant people and events of the classical era include: 1732 – The birth of George Washington 1752 – Benjamin proves that lightning is electricity 1760 – George III crowned king of England 1770 – James Cook discovered east coast of AustraliaThese people contributed to how the society would later function withthese discoveries
  5. 5. POLITICS OF THE CLASSICAL ERAPOLITICS IN AMERICA 1754 - 1763 French and Indian war was waged 1760 - Industrial revolution began 1775 - 1783 American revolution 1776 - American declaration of independents 1789 - George Washington was elected first President 1791 - Bill Of Rights 1799 - Great Revival in America 1803 - Louisiana Purchase
  6. 6. THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION The impact of the revolution left the French financially prostrate. The British were left with a booming society thanks to the return ofAmerican business. The Americans were not so lucky though. The cost of the war left America ina national debt of $114 million by the states and $37 million by the government. Benefits to the Americans were the guaranteed rights to their freedom andthe creation of a more perfect union for a strong central democracy.
  7. 7. ART AND MUSIC OF THE CLASSICAL ERAClassical art had the following traits: Sharp Simple Calm Elegant OrderlyThis style of art also applies to the music of the era. Music was soft, clean, and elegant. Classical music focusedon the clarity of the music while regarding melodic expression and instrumental color.An example can be heard here.
  8. 8. POPULAR INSTRUMENTS OF THE DAY The standard orchestra was really established in the Classicalperiod, so orchestral instruments (violins, flutes, trumpets etc.) were by far the most common. Harpsichords were popular for the first half, overtaken bypianos in the later years of the period. Some instruments from theBaroque were still popular.
  9. 9. WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART• Born – January 27, 1756• Born in Salzburg but spent most of his time living in Vienna, Austria• Mozart showed prestigious ability early in life• At the age of five he began composing music and performing for European royalty. At 17, he was engaged as a court musician in Salzburg.• He later left Salzburg in search of better opportunities• Choosing to stay in Vienna, where his most famous writings were written.
  10. 10. FAMILY BACKGROUNDHis father Leopold (1719–1787) was from Augsburg.He was deputy Kapellmeister to the court orchestra ofthe Archbishop of Salzburg, a minor composer, and anexperienced teacher. In the year of Mozarts birth, hisfather published a violin textbook, Versuch einergründlichen Violinschule, which achieved success
  11. 11. CHILDHOOD Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born to Leopold and Anna MariaPertl Mozart at 9 Getreidegasse in Salzburg, capital of the sovereignArchbishopric of Salzburg, in what is now Austria but, at the time, waspart of the Holy Roman Empire. His only sibling to survive past birthwas Maria Anna (1751–1829), called "Nannerl". Wolfgang was baptizedthe day after his birth at St. Ruperts Cathedral. The baptismal recordgives his name in Latinized form as Joannes Chrysostomus WolfgangusTheophilus Mozart. He generally called himself "Wolfgang AmadèMozart"[4] as an adult, but there were many variants.
  12. 12. JACQUES-LOUIS DAVIDHe was born on 30 August 1748 he was a French painter who influenced many others
  13. 13. A LITTLE BIT ABOUT HIM was an influential French painter in the Neoclassicalstyle, considered to be the preeminent painter of the era. Inthe 1780s his cerebral brand of history painting marked achange in taste away from Rococo frivolity toward a classicalausterity and severity, heightened feeling chiming with themoral climate of the final years of the Ancien Régime.
  14. 14. SOURCES Classical Architecture Classical Music More Classical Music Classical Period Timpani Drums Haydn Mozart

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