THE CLASSICAL ERA 1750-1820 Dayton, Charlie, Shannon, JOHN, Jordan, CJ,
ARCHITECTURE OF THE CLASSICAL ERA What distinguishes the classical architecture from any other era isthat the designs were very elegant and symmetrical right down to thebase. Another separation from the other era’s was the use of plants andanimals in the carvings. Modern influences on classical architecture include the UnitedStates capital buildings, the pantheon in Rome, the Parthenon inGreece, and some architecture found in Williamsburg.
INVENTIONS OF THE CLASSICAL ERA 1760 - Industrial Revolution begins 1763 - Watts invents the first steam powered engine 1769 - Watts steam engine patented 1771 - First edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica 1775 - Electric battery invented by Volta 1788 - Steamboat invented by John Fitch 1796 - First vaccination 1821 - Electric motor and generator invented by Faraday
IMPORTANT PEOPLE OF THE CLASSICAL ERAImportant people and events of the classical era include: 1732 – The birth of George Washington 1752 – Benjamin proves that lightning is electricity 1760 – George III crowned king of England 1770 – James Cook discovered east coast of AustraliaThese people contributed to how the society would later function withthese discoveries
POLITICS OF THE CLASSICAL ERAPOLITICS IN AMERICA 1754 - 1763 French and Indian war was waged 1760 - Industrial revolution began 1775 - 1783 American revolution 1776 - American declaration of independents 1789 - George Washington was elected first President 1791 - Bill Of Rights 1799 - Great Revival in America 1803 - Louisiana Purchase
THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION The impact of the revolution left the French financially prostrate. The British were left with a booming society thanks to the return ofAmerican business. The Americans were not so lucky though. The cost of the war left America ina national debt of $114 million by the states and $37 million by the government. Benefits to the Americans were the guaranteed rights to their freedom andthe creation of a more perfect union for a strong central democracy.
ART AND MUSIC OF THE CLASSICAL ERAClassical art had the following traits: Sharp Simple Calm Elegant OrderlyThis style of art also applies to the music of the era. Music was soft, clean, and elegant. Classical music focusedon the clarity of the music while regarding melodic expression and instrumental color.An example can be heard here.
POPULAR INSTRUMENTS OF THE DAY The standard orchestra was really established in the Classicalperiod, so orchestral instruments (violins, flutes, trumpets etc.) were by far the most common. Harpsichords were popular for the first half, overtaken bypianos in the later years of the period. Some instruments from theBaroque were still popular.
WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART• Born – January 27, 1756• Born in Salzburg but spent most of his time living in Vienna, Austria• Mozart showed prestigious ability early in life• At the age of five he began composing music and performing for European royalty. At 17, he was engaged as a court musician in Salzburg.• He later left Salzburg in search of better opportunities• Choosing to stay in Vienna, where his most famous writings were written.
FAMILY BACKGROUNDHis father Leopold (1719–1787) was from Augsburg.He was deputy Kapellmeister to the court orchestra ofthe Archbishop of Salzburg, a minor composer, and anexperienced teacher. In the year of Mozarts birth, hisfather published a violin textbook, Versuch einergründlichen Violinschule, which achieved success
CHILDHOOD Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born to Leopold and Anna MariaPertl Mozart at 9 Getreidegasse in Salzburg, capital of the sovereignArchbishopric of Salzburg, in what is now Austria but, at the time, waspart of the Holy Roman Empire. His only sibling to survive past birthwas Maria Anna (1751–1829), called "Nannerl". Wolfgang was baptizedthe day after his birth at St. Ruperts Cathedral. The baptismal recordgives his name in Latinized form as Joannes Chrysostomus WolfgangusTheophilus Mozart. He generally called himself "Wolfgang AmadèMozart" as an adult, but there were many variants.
JACQUES-LOUIS DAVIDHe was born on 30 August 1748 he was a French painter who influenced many others
A LITTLE BIT ABOUT HIM was an influential French painter in the Neoclassical style,considered to be the preeminent painter of the era. In the1780s his cerebral brand of history painting marked a changein taste away from Rococo frivolity toward a classical austerityand severity, heightened feeling chiming with the moral climateof the final years of the Ancien Régime.