(Slide is self explanatory, restatement of basic goal of project outlined in the assignment description)
In 1890 the state of Louisiana passed the separate car act. The Separate Car Act required for separate cars for blacks and whites on railroads. Homer Plessy was a man who bought a ticket for the first class section of the train. This section of the train was typically reserved for whites. Homer Plessy was born 7/8th Caucasian and t 1/8th and was considered black and was required by law to ride the “colored” train. When Homer Plessy took his seat in the white car he was asked to leave. He argued that he paid for a first class ticket so that was where he was going to sit. Following his refusal to move he was arrested for violating the Separate Car Act. In the case of “Homer Plessy v. The State of Louisiana” Plessy was found guilty by Judge John Howard Ferguson and he immediately requested for the case to be reviewed at a higher level of law.
A Committee of Citizens took Plessy’s case to the Louisiana Supreme Court who then still found in favor of Judge Ferguson. The Committee of Citizen's decided to keep pushing the case the United States Supreme Court in October, 1895. It was argued that Plessy’s rights protected by the Fourteenth amendment was being violated. Plessy stated that he did not receive equal protection under rights protecting life, liberty, and property without due process of law. It was argued by Plessy’s lawyer that a “black man” defined by law is property which is clearly stating that black’s are considered inferior.
Plessy v. Ferguson supported the “Separate but equal” doctrine when put to a vote in the supreme court the vote was 1 to 7 finding in favor of Judge John H. Ferguson. The supreme court found that in no way did the state of Louisiana violate his 14th amendment rights. If different races were actually treated equally segregation could have been withheld however this was not what was observed. This photo was retrieved from the Library of Congress and is an example of a segregated train station with a clear waiting area for “colored” individuals so they can board a separate cart on the train.
These two photos both shows segregated classrooms. In the picture on the left all of the students are minorities. In the picture on the right it is a photo of an all white school. Notice how on the left it is far too crowded, where a lot of the students are stuck sharing a desk if they are lucky enough to even get a desk. There are some students that just have benches. However, at the all white school all of the students have desks besides those standing at the back of the class room but the reason that they are standing is probably because they were all posing for the picture. Regardless, it is obvious that these schools are not separate but equal.
The Separate but Equal doctrine was upheld until 1954 when it was declared unconstitutional in the court case of Brown v. Board of Education. This court case was supported by the civil rights movement that was just getting started. It was found that separate is not equal.
Plessy v ferguson
What I Will Discuss• How and when did it begin?• What issue emerged?• What was the case’s path to Supreme Court?• What Constitutional issue was involved?• What was the Court’s decision?• When did the Court render its decision?• What rationale did each side offer for its position?• What has been some fallout of this decision?
Separate Car Act Homer A. Plessy 1/8 African 7/8 Caucasian Judge John H. Ferguson
CanIs Louisiana’s law of “Separate but Equal” constitutional?
Plessy v Ferguson was overruled by “”Brown v Board”In 1954
Works Cited• Lautier, L. (1949, Dec 06). In the nations capital. Atlanta Daily World (1932-2003), pp. 2. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/490902482?accountid=14378• Library of Congress, (1940). Retrieved from website: http://ncmuseumofhistory.org/workshops/civilrights1/durham_bus.jpg• Lousiana Supreme Court, (2012). Retrieved from website: http://www.lasc.org/• Plessy.jpg. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.people.vcu.edu/~toggel/399h/plessy.jpg• "Separate but equal". (1955, Nov 26). New York Times (1923-Current File), pp. 18. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/113377517?accountid=14378• Supreme-Court.jpg (2012). Encyclopedia Britannica . Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/blogs/wp-content/uploads/2010/06/supreme-court.jpg• White, W. (1954, Mar 10). Decision in plessy case. New York Times (1923-Current File), pp. 24-24. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/112978071?accountid=14378