Measuring Level of Development in Southern Region

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Measuring Level of Development in Southern Region

  1. 1. Measuring Level of Development in Southern Region of Thailand by Choen Krainara PhD Candidate 20081. Feature of the Study Area The study area covers the whole Southern Region of Thailand which consists of fourteen(14) provinces, namely Nakhon Si Thammarat, Krabi, Phangnga, Phuket, Surat Thani, Ranong,Chumphon, Songkhla, Satun, Trang, Phatthalung, Pattani, Yala and Narathiwat. The SouthernRegion has total coverage area at 69,339.2 square kilometers. In 2000, it had total population at8.43 Millions with average population density at 121.57 person/ square kilometer. Please see Mapof the study area in Figure 1. 1Regional Planning Techniques CourseRegional and Rural Development Planning Field of Study, SERD, AIT
  2. 2. Figure 1: Study Area: Southern RegionSource: Adapted from http://library.bu.ac.th/subject/map.cfm2. Data Set The purpose of my regionalization is to standardize of data indicators for measuring level ofsocio-economic development in Southern Region. Four key components are identified comprisingpopulation, economic prosperity, education and health representing by 5 significant indicators aspresented in Table 1. Due to the most recent year of data is unavailable; a base year in 2000 data isalternatively used.Table 1: Selected Components and Indicators of Socio-Economic Development in SouthernRegion of Thailand Components IndicatorsA: Population (V1) Population densityB: Economic prosperity (V2) Percentage of person above the poverty line (V3) Economic growthC: Education (V4) Percentage of literacy rate for 14-50 years aged groupD: Health (V5) Percentage of population access to proper sanitation3. Selection of Techniques  0-1 1-0 Transformation Technique is engaged because it is simple and powerful tool for regionalization. The applied formula is given below.  Transform Value TVi= (Xi-X min)/(Xmax-Xmin) Please see detailed computation in Table 2. 2Regional Planning Techniques CourseRegional and Rural Development Planning Field of Study, SERD, AIT
  3. 3. Table 2: Computation of Transformation Value Percentage Percentage Percentage of of Population of person Economic Literacy Rate Population Total Provinces density TV1 above the TV2 growth TV3 for 14-50 TV4 Access to TV5 TV (V1) poverty (V3) Years Age Proper line (V2) Group (V4) Sanitation (V5) 1.Nakhon Si Thammarat 151 0.21 86.96 0.44 2.81 0.23 99.60 0.96 98.40 0.88 2.720 2.Krabi 117 0.13 93.24 0.71 0.35 0.00 99.30 0.93 95.60 0.45 2.229 3.Phangnga 57 0.01 99.45 0.99 6.98 0.63 99.90 1.00 98.40 0.88 3.505 4.Phuket 526 1.00 99.79 1.00 8.69 0.80 96.12 0.55 97.80 0.79 4.134 5.Surat Thani 73 0.04 96.79 0.87 3.05 0.26 99.49 0.95 96.76 0.63 2.748 6.Ranong 53 0.00 94.58 0.77 10.82 1.00 99.60 0.96 98.60 0.91 3.644 7.Chumphon 79 0.05 94.40 0.76 4.45 0.39 99.39 0.94 98.39 0.88 3.024 8.Songkhla 173 0.25 97.39 0.89 7.02 0.64 99.27 0.92 97.30 0.71 3.422 9.Satun 110 0.12 93.37 0.72 2.73 0.23 99.33 0.93 96.41 0.58 2.574 10.Trang 121 0.14 97.84 0.91 5.89 0.53 98.71 0.86 97.90 0.80 3.248 11.Phatthalung 146 0.19 96.66 0.86 2.80 0.23 98.90 0.88 99.20 1.00 3.172 12.Pattani 325 0.57 77.04 0.00 3.61 0.31 92.80 0.15 92.60 0.00 1.038 13.Yala 102 0.10 90.00 0.57 1.10 0.07 91.51 0.00 98.29 0.86 1.605 14.Narathiwat 155 0.21 81.85 0.21 1.18 0.08 91.98 0.06 93.59 0.15 0.711 Max 526 99.79 10.82 99.90 99.20 Min 53 77.04 0.35 91.51 92.60 Source: 1.www.sno.go.th 2.www.moi.go.th 3. www.moph.go.th 4. www.nesdb.go.th 3Regional Planning Techniques CourseRegional and Rural Development Planning Field of Study, SERD, AIT
  4. 4. The Quartile Grouping is employed below. Max is 4.13 Min is 0.714 Class Intervals for Choropleth MapAre Identified. First Quartile Q1= (n+1)1/q = 3.75 < 2.07 Second Quartile Q2= (n+1)*2/q 7.5 2.07 - 2.89 = Third Quartile Q3= (n+1)*3/q = 11.25 2.89 - 3.44 >3.44 Region 2 Region 3 Region 4 Region 1Figure 3: Choropleth Map Delineating Composite Index of Socio-Economic Development inSouthern Region of Thailand 4Regional Planning Techniques CourseRegional and Rural Development Planning Field of Study, SERD, AIT
  5. 5. As illustrated in Figure 3 above, Levels of socio-economic development in Southern Regionof Thailand can be broadly divided into four diverse regions based mainly on economic potential asfollows:  Region 1 consisting of 3 Southernmost Provinces of Yala, Pattani and Narathiwatbordering with Malaysia is least developed. This cluster is known most remote from theCapital with unique Thai Muslim-based society. Backward economic development progress hasbeen exposed. Social unrest is also prevailing in this Sub-region for couple years. Therefore, it isnecessary for policy-maker to exert particular efforts in bridging widening regional disparity aswell as more inclusive economic and social development while taking into account of suchappropriate development pattern to cater for specific local needs and culture.  Region 2 comprising Chumphon, Surat Thani, Nakhon Si Thammarat, KrabiTrang and Satun Provinces is moderately developed. This cluster of provinces shares somecommon features in growing rubber and palm oil plantations and its related processing activities aswell as possessing high potential on ecotourism, sea-sun-sand, and fisheries.  Region 3 representing Songkhla Provinces is developed. This group represents 1Province which connects to both East and West Coasts of Thailand. A highest degree of resource-based industrial development in Southern is taken place in Songkhla Province as it enjoys withvarious economic potentials e.g. being regional growth center in lower Southern Region as well as agateway to Malaysia providing tourism, intra-trade and border trade prospects. This region has stillhigh potential to further develop as it is rich in diverse resource endowments in terms of tourismattractions particularly the beaches, ecotourism, fisheries and rubber and palm oil plantation.  Region 4 covering Phuket, Phangnga, Ranong Provinces is most developed. It is mostlylocated in western coast or Andaman Sea particularly Phuket and Phangnga Provinces possessworld-renown resort islands which attract vast number of both domestic and foreign tourists as wellas generating huge job employment and great amount of income within the provinces. Fisheriesindustries and tourism play important role in Ranong economy. This Province shares commonborder with Myanmar. So its economy is partly driven by cheap immigrant Myanmar labor.  --------------------------------------- 5Regional Planning Techniques CourseRegional and Rural Development Planning Field of Study, SERD, AIT

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