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Sources of Data in Public Health

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Sources of Data in Public Health

  1. 1. Sources of DATA<br />In Public Health<br />ChanpenChoprapawon, M.D., M.P.H.<br />
  2. 2. SourcesofData<br />PopulationCensuses<br />VitalStatistics<br />RoutineHealthRecords<br />SurveillanceData<br />SampleSurvey<br />DiseaseRegistry<br />
  3. 3. Population Census<br /><ul><li>Why we need Census?
  4. 4. Where can we find them?
  5. 5. How can we design them?
  6. 6. What the Census tell us?</li></li></ul><li>Vital Statistics= Ongoing Registration<br />Birth Certificate <br /><ul><li>By law every infant born in Thailand must be registered to the Registration Office at their birth place, or residence District
  7. 7. Not later than 15 days after birth</li></ul>Death Certificate<br /><ul><li>By law everyone die in Thailand must be registered to the Registration Officer (head of household or hospital officer)
  8. 8. Not later than 24 hours after time of identifying death</li></li></ul><li>Death Registration System 450,000<br />Hospitalized+ Non-hospitalized<br />25-45% 75-55%<br />(Suicide, Homicide, Accident)<br />Natural Causes<br />Unknown<br /><ul><li>History of illnesses
  9. 9. Verbal autopsy</li></ul>Under Justice Law<br />Medical Autopsy<br />Identify Causes of<br />Death (ICD-10)<br />Registered<br />Death Certificate<br />
  10. 10. What will we get from Birth & Death Certificate?<br />Number of Livebirths, Deaths & trend<br />Birth rate, Death Rate & trend<br />Birth and Death will get Natural Increase Rate, & trend<br />Construct your country’s vital statistics <www.who.int><br />
  11. 11. Other Death Statistics<br /><ul><li> Still Births (per 1,000 Livebirths)
  12. 12. Perinatal Deaths
  13. 13. Nenonatal Deaths
  14. 14. Infant Mortality
  15. 15. Age (Sex) -specific Mortality
  16. 16. Cause-specific Mortality
  17. 17. Under 5 Deaths
  18. 18. Maternal Mortality</li></ul>How can we use these data?<br />
  19. 19. Survey<br /><ul><li>When will we use Survey?
  20. 20. Type of Survey
  21. 21. Type of Data we get from Survey
  22. 22. Advantage and Disadvantage of Survey</li></li></ul><li>Morbidity data<br /><ul><li>Report of Notifiable Diseases
  23. 23. Hospital Records
  24. 24. Reports from Insurance programs
  25. 25. Diseases Registry
  26. 26. Construct your country’s Morbid</li>

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