Human Development Index Statistics

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Human Development Index Statistics

  1. 1. Development and Statistics Presentation HL ECONOMICS
  2. 2. Introduction • Highly Developed EconomyItaly • Medium Developed Economy Philippines • Low Developed EconomyNigeria • Asian Tiger South Korea
  3. 3. Human Development Index • HDI: provides a composite measure of human development – Life expectancy – Education – Standard of living
  4. 4. Gender Issues: Gender-related development index • GDI: measures achievements in the same indicators as the HDI but captures inequalities in achievement between women and men
  5. 5. Human Poverty Index • HPI: An alternative measurefocus on the amount of poverty in a country • HPI for developing countriesHPI-1 – Adult illiteracy rate – Probability at birth of not surviving to age 40 – population without sustainable access to an improved water source and children under weight • HPI for developed countriesHPI-2 – Probability at birth of not surviving to age 60 – Population below income poverty line – Rate of long-term unemployment
  6. 6. Gini Coefficient and Lorenz Curve Country GDP GDP/capit HDI GDI HPI Gini a Coefficient Italy $2.399 $28,828 0.945 0.936 29.8%- 0.360 trillion HPI-2 South Korea $857.5 $26,000 0.921 0.910 N/A 0.316 billion Philippines $168.6 $5,137 0.771 0.768 15.3%- 0.466 billion HPI-1 Nigeria $220.3 $1,852 0.499 0.485 38.0% 0.510 billion
  7. 7. Country GDP GDP/capit HDI GDI HPI Gini a Coefficient Italy $2.399 $28,828 0.945 0.936 29.8%- 0.360 trillion HPI-2 South Korea $857.5 $26,000 0.921 0.910 N/A 0.316 billion Philippines $168.6 $5,137 0.771 0.768 15.3%- 0.466 billion HPI-1 Nigeria $220.3 $1,852 0.499 0.485 38.0% 0.510 billion
  8. 8. Gini coefficient: measure of income inequality within a population 0 and 1
  9. 9. Italy
  10. 10. Italy • GDP (official exchange rate): $2.399 trillion • GDP ( real growth rate): -0.7% • Population: 58,126,212
  11. 11. Human Development Index • HDI: 0.945(rank:19/179) • GDP per capita (US$): 28,828 • Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and above):98.8% • Life expectancy at birth: 80.4
  12. 12. Gender Issues • GDI value = 0.936 • HDI value=0.945 • GDI value is 99.4% of its HDI value – Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older): 99.5 (female as % male)
  13. 13. Human Poverty Index • HPI-2 value = 29.8% • Life expectancy (probability of not surviving past age 40 [%]): 2.3% • Adult illiteracy rate (% ages 15 and older): 1.6%
  14. 14. Lorenz Curve • Percentage distribution of income: lowest 10%: 2.1%; highest (5th) 10%: 26.6% • Gini Coefficient: 0.360
  15. 15. Philippines
  16. 16. Philippines • GDP (official exchange rate): $168.6 billion • GDP (real growth rate): 4.6% • Population: 97,976,603
  17. 17. Human Development Index • HDI: 0.771 (90/179) • GDP per capita (US$): 5137 • Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and above):92.6% • Life expectancy at birth: 71 yrs
  18. 18. Gender Issues • GDI value = 0.768 • HDI value=0.771 • GDI value is 98.6% of its HDI value
  19. 19. Human Poverty Index • HPI-1 value = 15.3% • Life expectancy (probability of not surviving past age 40 [%]): 39.0% • Adult illiteracy rate (% ages 15 and older): 7.4% • Population without access to clean water: 15% • Children underweight for age (% ages 0-5): 28%
  20. 20. Lorenz Curve • Percentage distribution of income: lowest 20%: 5.4%; highest (5th) 20%: 52.3% • Gini Coefficient: 0.466
  21. 21. Nigeria
  22. 22. Nigeria • GDP (official exchange rate): $220.3 billion • GDP (real growth rate): 6.1% • Population:149,229,090
  23. 23. Human Development Index • HDI: 0.499 (rank: 154/179 countries) • Life expectancy at birth: 46.6 yrs • Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and above): 71.0 • GDP per capita (US$): $1852
  24. 24. Gender Issues • GDI value = 0.485 • HDI value=0.499 • GDI value is 97.2% of its HDI value
  25. 25. Human Poverty Index • HPI-1 value = 38.0% (rank: 111/135 developing countries) • Life expectancy (probability of not surviving past age 40 [%]): 39.0% • Adult illiteracy rate (% ages 15 and older): 29.0% • Population without access to clean water: 53% • Children underweight for age (% ages 0-5): 29%
  26. 26. Lorenz Curve • Percentage distribution of income (1996- 1997): lowest 20%: 4.4; 2nd 20%: 8.2; 3rd 20%: 12.5; 4th 20%: 19.3; highest (5th) 20%: 55.7 • Gini Index: 0.51
  27. 27. South Korea
  28. 28. South Korea • Asian Tiger • GDP (official exchange rate): $857.5 billion • GDP - real growth rate: 2.5% • Population=48,508,972
  29. 29. Human Development Index • HDI: 0.921 (rank:26/179) • GDP per capita (US$): 26,000 • Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and above):97.9% • Life expectancy at birth: 78.72 yrs
  30. 30. Gender Issues • GDI value = 0.910 • HDI value=0.921 • GDI value is 98.8% of its HDI value – Female as % male life expectancy: 109.5% – Female as % male Combined primary, secondary and tertiary gross enrolment ratio: 85.7%
  31. 31. Human Poverty Index • Life expectancy (probability of not surviving past age 40 [%]): 2.5% • Adult illiteracy rate (% ages 15 and older): 1.0% • Population not using an improved water source: 8% • Children underweight for their age(% under age 5): 0%
  32. 32. Lorenz Cruve • Income distribution – Richest 10% to poorest 10% ratio • South Korea 7.8 • United States 15.9 • France 9.1 • Gini Coefficient: 0.316
  33. 33. Conclusion Country GDP GDP/capit HDI GDI HPI Gini a Coefficient Italy $2.399 $28,828 0.945 0.936 29.8%- 0.360 trillion HPI-2 South Korea $857.5 $26,000 0.921 0.910 N/A 0.316 billion Philippines $168.6 $5,137 0.771 0.768 15.3%- 0.466 billion HPI-1 Nigeria $220.3 $1,852 0.499 0.485 38.0% 0.510 billion
  34. 34. 1 0.9 0.8 0.7 HDI 0.6 GDI 0.5 0.4 HPI 0.3 Gini Coefficient 0.2 0.1 0 Italy South Korea Philippines Nigeria
  35. 35. Compare GDP GDP 3,000 2,500 2,000 GDP ($ billion) 1,500 1,000 500 0 Italy South Korea Philippines Nigeria Country
  36. 36. Compare GDP/capita GDP/capita $35,000 $30,000 $25,000 $20,000 $15,000 $10,000 $5,000 $0 Italy South Korea Philippines Nigeria
  37. 37. Compare HDI HDI 1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0 Italy South Korea Philippines Nigeria
  38. 38. Compare GDI GDI 1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0 Italy South Korea Philippines Nigeria
  39. 39. Compare HPI HPI 40.00% 35.00% 30.00% 25.00% 20.00% 15.00% 10.00% 5.00% 0.00% Italy South Korea Philippines Nigeria
  40. 40. Compare Gini Coefficient Gini Coefficient 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0 Italy South Korea Philippines Nigeria
  41. 41. Bibliography • http://hdrstats.undp.org/2008/countries/country _fact_sheets/cty_fs_NGA.html • https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the- world-factbook/geos/ni.html • https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the- world-factbook/geos/ks.html • http://hdrstats.undp.org/2008/countries/country _fact_sheets/cty_fs_KOR.html • http://earthtrends.wri.org/gsearch.php?va=cp&k w=italy&theme=0

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