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Ernest Hemingway


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Ernest Hemingway

  1. 1. Ernest Hemingway 4120060101 田志浩
  2. 2. the old man and the sea
  3. 3. list <ul><li>The author </li></ul><ul><li>Plot </li></ul><ul><li>Impression </li></ul><ul><li>My opinion </li></ul>
  4. 4. Ernest Hemingway <ul><li>1899-1961 </li></ul><ul><li>American novelist </li></ul><ul><li>Short-story writer </li></ul><ul><li>Journalist </li></ul><ul><li>Canonical ( 依照教规的 ) </li></ul><ul><li>His protagonists (主人公) are typically stoic (斯多葛学派的,禁欲的) men who exhibit an ideal described as &quot; grace under pressure “ </li></ul><ul><li>Iceberg Principle( 冰山法则 ) </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Hemingway believes that when you write the simplest thing, if you write well, you would show the greatest human truths. </li></ul>Iceberg Principle
  6. 6. His Works <ul><li>The Sun Also Rises(1926) </li></ul><ul><li>A Farewell to Arms(1929) </li></ul><ul><li>For Whom the Bell Tolls(1940) </li></ul>The Old Man and The Sea(1952)
  7. 7. <ul><li>Received the Pulitzer Prize( 普利策奖 ) in 1953, and the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954. </li></ul><ul><li>Many critics favorably compared it with such works as William Faulkner's( 威廉 · 福克纳 ) &quot; The Bear &quot; and Herman Melville's( 赫尔曼 · 梅尔维尔 ) Moby-Dick . </li></ul>His Honor
  8. 8. <ul><li>The Old Man and The Sea is the story of struggles between an old fisherman and the greatest catch of his life- marlin ( 马林鱼 ) and the sharks -Mako ( 条纹状鲨鱼 ). </li></ul><ul><li>For eighty-four days, the old man doesn’t catch anything, so he decides to go further and catch a greatest fish in his life. About several days later, the old man finds a big fish and spends three days to struggle with it, and finally, he successes. </li></ul>plot
  9. 10. Santiago The marlin Manolin The old man who has had bad luck. The greatest fish that the old man catches A little boy who cares deeply for the old man Main character
  10. 11. The most classical sentence <ul><li>Man is not made for defeat. </li></ul><ul><li>A man can be destroyed but not defeated. </li></ul><ul><li>“ 人生来就不是为了被打败的,人能够被毁灭,但不能够被打败。” </li></ul>My point of view: Everyone will meet difficulties during lifetime, the point is that whether we face it bravely or not.
  11. 12. Impression <ul><li>Love </li></ul><ul><li>Death </li></ul><ul><li>Symbol </li></ul><ul><li>Spirit </li></ul>Marlin Sharks Boy An ideal opponent The destructive laws ( 毁灭法则 ) Youth and energy
  12. 13. Love Death -the love for marlin <ul><li>Santiago regarded </li></ul><ul><li>the fish as his </li></ul><ul><li>“ Brothers”, not only </li></ul><ul><li>as something he </li></ul><ul><li>could survive on. </li></ul><ul><li>In this novel, I think Death is unavoidable. </li></ul><ul><li>The fact is that no living creature can escape. </li></ul><ul><li>However, Hemingway said “Death is never an end in itself”. </li></ul>
  13. 14. Symbol 1: Marlin <ul><li>When he fought with Marlin, he can bring out his most excellent aspect, such as strength, courage, his love and respect. </li></ul>
  14. 15. Symbol 2: Sharks <ul><li>He couldn’t win any glory from battling with sharks only when he surpasses the destructive laws. </li></ul>
  15. 16. Symbol 3: Boy <ul><li>Appeared 3 times. When the old man was alone on the sea, he always thought </li></ul><ul><li>--- 〝 If only Manolin were here 〞 . </li></ul>
  16. 17. Spirit <ul><li>Determination </li></ul><ul><li>Perseverance and Patience </li></ul><ul><li>Fearlessness and Courage </li></ul><ul><li>Honor and Respect </li></ul><ul><li>Pride( 自负 ):Santiago proves that Pride can stimulate man to greatness. </li></ul>
  17. 18. However, he committed suicide in 1961.
  18. 19. Question??? <ul><li>Why a person who owned everything and after he received the award ,he chose to die, </li></ul><ul><li>why a person who owned nothing that he could live so long? </li></ul>
  19. 21. My Answer <ul><li>Hemingway once said “ Death also need courage ”. </li></ul><ul><li>His death is another way to be “Santiago”. </li></ul>
  20. 22. His attitude towards death: Hemingway‘s epitaph ( 墓志铭 ) : Pardon me for not getting up. 恕我不起来了!
  21. 23. That's all. Thank you!!!