J446: Mobile phones and news


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  • J446: Mobile phones and news

    1. 1. Mobile Phones and News J446 group: Brittany Bass, Erin Hanehan, Chloe Park, Ben Pierce, Sarah Sheppard,
    2. 2. Introduction Our analysis was divided into 3 countries: 1. Iran 2. Africa 3. South Korea
    3. 3. Methodology
    4. 4. Thesis Statement Among the numerous communications technologies currently dictating the flow of global information and media, there may be none that are as important as cellular  phones. More specifically, as processes such as globalization speed up and global interconnectedness intensifies, cellular  phones seem to be the single most significant technology contributing the most to bringing countries located in the "global south" more into the fold.
    5. 5. Mobile Broadband A VIP session on “Benefits of Mobile Broadband for the Economy and Society”, looked at how the mobile industry has responded to the global economic downturn, in comparison with other sectors. Participants and panelists also considered how it might contribute as new technologies are adopted around the world. “The mobile industry will lead us out of the financial crisis,” said Dr Touré upon opening the session, which was moderated by Tom Phillips, Chief Government and Regulatory Affairs Officer, Public Policy, GSM Association (GSMA), United Kingdom.
    6. 6. Mobile Broadband Usage Several technologies are competing to deliver commercial mobile broadband services, one of which being high- speed packet access (HSPA). • 321 HSPA networks • 120 countries worldwide million • Supports more than 167.5 connections globally • Europe, the Asia-Pacific region and North America collectively account for for over 4.3 million connections
    7. 7. Case Studies In order to more fully explore the importance of cellular phone technologies globally this report refers to three specific examples: • Iranian political to organize anti- cellular phones activists using government protests • African farmers using them to track crop disease • Young and distribute news content create South Koreans using them to
    8. 8. Case Study #1: Iran Iranian Presidential Elections: June 12, 2009: • President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad vs. Mir Hossein Moussavi • Communications Shut Down • Initial Twitter Response  Ahmandinejad Moussavi Source: Wikipedia Source: NY Times
    9. 9. Iran (cont’d.) Images as “Rallying Points”: • cell phone cameras • Neda Agha Soltan  Video(s): Longer Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=Lo7MaMuBHYU&feature=related Short Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=lYeZwyh1wsQ&NR=1 
    10. 10. Iran (cont’d.) Future of Political Cell Phone Use: • Nik Gowing’s “Information Doers” • International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, Article 19 • Washington Post “Let’s Help Iranians Beat the Censors”
    11. 11. Case Study #2: Africa • Correlation with development? • Widespread use crossing generational/ socioeconomic/ gendered lines • http:// www.youtube.com/ watch?v=9MYfiUKZLD4 http://www.gamos.org/icts/the-impact-of-mobile-phones-in
    12. 12. Africa (cont’d.) “Pro-poor” strategies? • Liberalization of telecommunications for market:customers? poorer implications http://psdblog.worldbank.org/.m/photos/uncategorized/2008/02/14/africa_cell_coverage.jpg http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/ict/statistics/ict/graphs/mobile.jpg
    13. 13. Africa (cont’d.) •New York Times, According to the Africa has the fastest growing mobile phone market worldwide. Photos from http://images.businessweek.com/ss/07/09/0913_africa/index_01.htm Facts from http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/06/science/06uganda.html?_r=2&scp=2&sq=uganda %20cellular&st=cse
    14. 14. Africa (cont’d.) • Use of villageof operators for the phones were cell main source communication, currently asor more individuals get households phones thisbecomes occupation less vital. Photos from http://images.businessweek.com/ss/07/09/0913_africa/index_01.htm Facts from http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/06/science/06uganda.html?_r=2&scp=2&sq=uganda %20cellular&st=cse
    15. 15. Africa (cont’d.) Uses: fruit growth and • diseases Tracking • Tracking sales, making long distance business decisions • Making Cash transfers through Me2U airtime sharing service Photos from http://images.businessweek.com/ss/07/09/0913_africa/index_01.htm Facts from http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/06/science/06uganda.html?_r=2&scp=2&sq=uganda %20cellular&st=cse
    16. 16. Case Study #3: South Korea • Population of 48.3 million 7% • Korea isleaders thethe world’s one of in digital revolution • More than 45 million mobile phone subscribers (about 93% 93% of the population) mobile phone users non-users
    17. 17. Korea (cont’d.) • Digital multimedia broadcasting (DMB) introduced in 2005 allows mobile phones to display live TV broadcasting • Most popular videos are short news updates, live sports and rebroadcasts of dramas • Typical user watches 15 minutes of these videos a day
    18. 18. Korea (cont’d.) • Country’s small size proves advantageous in development and experimentation of new technology
    19. 19. Korea (cont’d.) • Tech savvy only society not consumes news, but also produces it • OhmyNews is a key example of this citizen journalism in Korea talk about the int’l version of OhmyNews and how “It currently has 6,000 citizen reporters from 110 countries.”
    20. 20. Korea (cont’d.) • Korean Internet Journalist Association Occupations Among Citizen Reporters Distribution of protects the rights and interests of citizen 1 KBS (TV) journalists. 2 Chosun-ilbo (Daily • Newspaper) 3 MBC (TV) Netizens = internet users (cybercitizens) Donga-ilbo (Daily 4 Newspaper) • Joongang-ilbo (Daily 5 We can expect stricter 6 Newspaper) OhmyNews (Internet regulation and Newspaper) punishment by the Hankyoreh (Daily 7 Newspaper) government for slander 8 SBS (TV) or wrong accusations 9 YTN (Cable News made online 10 Channel) Kankuk-ilbo (Daily Newspaper) Source: Weekly News Magazine Sisa-Journal, 2003
    21. 21. Korea (cont’d.) • Korea in the the world leads development and implementation of 4G and even 5G networking • Goal of having the highest mobile phone market share by 2010
    22. 22. Conclusion Mobile phone usage plays a vital role in: • Industry expansion • Economic • Politicaljournalism • Citizen organization All three case studies illustrate that the use of mobile phones and mobile devices, and an access to mobile broadband allows citizens to develop a strong, influential voice. • To furtherstake in the global • To gain a globalization community
    23. 23. Conclusion (cont’d.) Reporters in the field have the opportunity and responsibility to encourage the varied use of new technology which allows more people to take media into their own hands. In doing so the global community can create communication lines that were never before available. Mobile phone usage opportunities: • Thecontribute communicate ability to • To be educated a global media to • To