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How the counterculture affected the war, and how the war affected the culture as related to THE THINGS THEY CARRIED.

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  • Counterculture

    2. 2. COUNTERCULTU A youth movement which rejected the conservative values of the 40’s and 50’s Revolved around the values of freedom, love, and expression Included transformations to the styles of music, dress, careers and overall lifestyles
    3. 3. THE ANTI-WAR The anti-war movement began mostly on college campuses by students who recognized the injustice of the war due to it’s lack of moral justification and attack on freedom Youths detested being forced to fight in a war in which they didn’t believe by “old men” who wouldn’t be risking their own lives for the cause. This may have created the rebellion from the traditional views of their parents The movement included many protests on and off college campuses, many of which became riots In May of 1970 student protesters burned the ROTC headquarters at Kent state university. The National Guard was called in to establish order, and soldiers ended up killing 4 students and injuring another 9 in what is known as the KENT STATE MASSACRE.
    4. 4. “The anti-war movement did not end the war in vietnam, but it did alter, almost irrevocably, the perceptions of ordinary citizens of their society and government. It also altered the perceptions of the leaders towards society.”
    5. 5. ... AND IT’S EFFECT ON THE WAR The youth’s anti-war movement had a significant effect on the treatment of returning veterans Those who were against the war often made the mistake of blaming the soldiers who fought, despite the fact that many were against the war themselves This not only made it difficult for returning veterans to settle back into society, it created a class struggle between the more wealthy college protesters, and the veterans who were not granted exceptions from fighting This difficult transitioning is depicted in the novel, The Things They Carried, by the character of Norman Bowker
    6. 6. DRUGS The use of drugs greatly increased during the era Many took acid and smoked marijuana as a way of “escaping reality” and “expanding their consciousness” This is yet another way youths rebelled against tradition and moved towards the Eastern and Native American spiritualities
    7. 7. ... AND THEIR EFFECT ON THE WAR Drug use was also prevalent among the soldiers in Vietnam Drugs were used for similar reasons, usually to calm the nerves and block out the harsh reality of the war. Tim O’Brien also includes references to drugs during vietnam with the character of Ted Lavender Lavender was described as an aloof, peaceful character who couldn’t bear the burdens of war and used tranquilizers to ease his mind
    8. 8. GENERATION GAP 40% of the This lack of understanding population was less between youths and adults than 17 (Feistein) is seen in the novel in the chapter On a Rainy River. This lead to the O’Brien remarks that “it resentment the young draftees felt should be law” that all those for the old men who who support a war put their voted them off to lives on the line (O’Brien 42). war The era of more conservative family life came to an end because most of the population which had made that era had passed
    9. 9. MUSIC Music was a way for artists and those who listened to express their feelings towards the war Many people’s perceptions of the war were based on what was being portrayed by the music of that time The music of the era was directly affected by the events of the war, and a persons choice in music usually mirrored their political views Also rejected the old pop, and jazz music for folk, acid & psychedellic rock
    10. 10. ... REGARDING THE THINGS THEY CARRIED I-Feel-Like-I'm-Fixin'-to-Die Rag Joe McDonald (1965) Still in Saigon Well, Come On All Of You, Big Strong Men, Dan Daley(1965) Uncle Sam Needs Your Help Again. Got on a plane in 'Frisco and got off in Vietnam He's Got Himself In A Terrible Jam Way Down Yonder In Vietnam I walked into a different world, the past forever gone So Put Down Your Books And Pick Up A Gun, We're Gonna Have A Whole Lotta Fun. I could've gone to Canada or I could have stayed in school Ohio But I was brought up differently -- I couldn't break the rules Neil Young (1970) Thirteen months and fifteen days -- the last ones were the worst Tin Soldiers And Nixon's Bombing We're Finally On Our Own One minute I kneel down and pray and the next I stand and This Summer I Hear The Drumming cure Four Dead In Ohio No place to run to where I did not feel that war Gotta Get Down To It Soldiers Are Gunning Us Down Should Of Been Done Long Ago What If You Knew Her And Found Her Dead On The Ground How Can You Run When You Know
    11. 11. FREEDOM The draft and the war heightened their awareness of the value of life and freedom This newly reinvented sense of the importance of freedom lead them to test their boundaries, creating the free love revolution, trying drugs and listening to new forms of music Highlighted the poor treatment of blacks and other oppressed people and lead to white support of cultural movements This acceptance of cultural diversity was displayed in clothing and music styles, and the practice of Eastern and Native American religions In The Things They Carried, Mary Anne finds her own sense of freedom and spiritual revival in Vietnam and realises as many did in the time that life should be lived to it’s fullest potential
    12. 12. WORKS Hillstrom, Kevin, Laurie Collier Hillstrom, and Diane M. Sawinski. Vietnam War Reference Library. Detroit, Mich.: U.X.L, 2001. Print. Feinstein, Stephen. The 1960s from the Vietnam War to Flower Power. Berkeley Heights, NJ: Enslow, 2006. Print. McDonald, Joe. I-feel-like-I'm Fixin'-to-die Rag. Vanguard, 1988. CD Young, Neil. Live at Massey Hall 1971. Reprise Records, 2007. CD. O'Brien, Tim. The Things They Carried: a Work of Fiction. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1990. Print. "Lisa Law: The Counterculture." National Museum of American History. Web. 27 May 2010. < lisalaw/4.htm>. The 1960'S Counterculture - The Movement and Photos." Pennsylvania Arts And Music - Visitor's Guide To The Arts and Culture of. Web. 27 May 2010. <'scountercult.htm>.