The female sex cell is a(n)Ovum The female gametes or eggs are produced in the ovaries. Ovum refers to a single egg. Ova refers to multiple eggs. The ovary releases one ovum a month during ovulation. An ovum fuses with a sperm to produce an embryo.
Location The uterus is located in the pelvis Anterior to the rectum Posterosuperior to the bladder
Description The uterus is hollow and thick walled. The uterus is a muscular organ. The uterus has 3 sections. The 3 sections of the uterus are the fundus(upper), corpus(Body) and the cervix(lower).
The Uterine Wall The uterine wall is composed of 3 layers Perimetrium Myometrium Endometrium The perimetrium is the incomplete outer-most serous layer. The myometrium is the bulky middle layer, composed of interlacing bundles of smooth muscles. Those smooth muscles contract during childbirth, to expel the baby from the uterus.
The Uterine WallContinued The endometrium is the mucosal lining of the uterine cavity. It is the place the embryo attaches to if fertilized and resides until development.
Total abdominal hysterectomybilateral salpingo-oophorectomy One of the longest terms used in the medical terminology refers to the removal of the uterus, cervix, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. The abbreviated term is TAH BSO.
Reasons for TAH BSO Treatment for endometrial cancer and uterine sarcoma. Severe postpartum obstetrical hemorrhage (only as a last resort), or uterine fibroids. Transsexuals undergoing female to male sexual reassignment to stop female hormone production. Patients suffering from Endometriosis
Risks of TAH BSO Estrogen levels decrease once ovaries are removed. Incontinence( loss of bladder function). Risk of cardiovascular disease, due to loss of estrogen. Protective effects from estrogen is removed from skeletal and cardiovascular systems, which may lead to other diseases.